Plant species in the blockhill forest garden

Over the years we have introduced a large number of useful and practical plant species. Much of the information relating to these plants was obtained from pfaf.org

Pyrus x bretschneideri

Pyrus x bretschneideri

Common name  Ya PearLatin name  Pyrus bretschneideriFamily  RosaceaeDetails  Very juicy, white to light yellow pears
Habitats Slopes, dry cold regions at elevations of 100 - 2000 metres
Range E. Asia - N. China.
Forest layer  canopyDiameter  5.00Height (m)  7Flowers  WhiteDrought tolerance  Edible  Fruit / berries  Shade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  MostSource  Appletons
Olive

Olive

Latin name  Olea europaeaDetails  Attractive fast growing tree. Clusters of white fluffy flowers in spring followed by fruit in autumn. Olives grow in most soils providing plenty of moisture during growing season and drainage. Fruit eaten by Kereru.Harvest time  Later autumnForest layer  low-treeDiameter  3.00Height (m)  4Flowers  whiteDrought tolerance  Edible  Evergreen  Fruit / berries  Shade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostWind tolerance  Moderate
Nashi

Nashi

Common name  Asian pear, Chinese pear, Korean pear, Japanese pear, Taiwanese pear, sand pearDetails  A crisp, juicy and refreshing type of pear from Asia but grown in New Zealand since 1982.Edible  Family  RosaceaeFlowers  WhitreForest layer  low-treeLatin name  Pyrus pyrifolia
European hazelnut

European hazelnut

Latin name  Corylus avellanaDetails  Broadly columnar, deciduous. Very edible hazel nuts in March with yellow autumn leaves in April. Make great windbreaks yielding nuts, small poles and rods. Coppice readily.Height (m)  5Seeds / nuts / tubers  Jugulone tolerance  Forest layer  low-treePropigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  HighTags    nuts 
Feijoa

Feijoa

Common name  feijoa, pineapple guavaLatin name  Acca sellowianaDiameter  4.00Height (m)  4Family  MyrtaceaeDrought tolerance  Edible  Fruit / berries  Evergreen  Flowers  PinkPerennial  Forest layer  shrubPropigation method  GraftRating  
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Shade / Sun  Full sunTags    hedge  autumn  fruit 
Sunflower

Sunflower

Latin name  Helianthus annuusDetails  This easy to grow plant will produce a single large yellow flower 1 to 2 meters above the ground.
  • Plant climbing beans amongst the sunflowers when they are a meter high, the beans will climb the stem
  • The seeds ripen in April and can be fed directly to chickens or left for birds
  • Can get blown over by strong wind
Colour  YellowWind tolerance  moderateForest layer  verticalEdible  Seeds / nuts / tubers  Propigation method  Sow directPrice  $3.9030 seeds
Currently out of stock
Babaco

Babaco

Common name  Babaco, Mountain Papaya, Champagne FruitLatin name  Carica x heilborniiDetails  Grown under plastic. Produces large, yellow fruit pentagonal in cross-section.Height (m)  2Variety  PentagonaFrost sensitive  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Forest layer  low-treePropigation method  CuttingPrice  $2.90stem cutting
Currently out of stock Read More
Artichoke

Artichoke

Latin name  Cynara cardunculus var. scolymusDetails  The globe artichoke is a variety of a species of large thistle cultivated as a food. The edible matter is buds that form within the flower heads before the flowers come into bloom.Forest layer  herbaceousEdible  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow directPrice  $3.9020 seeds
Currently out of stock
Fennel

Fennel

Latin name  Foeniculum vulgareDetails  Super easy to grow requiring no care or attention. Grown as part of our food forest conversion process for transitioning from grass.
  • Produces a lot of biomass in a season.
  • Deep root system for soil stabilisation and building via organic mater injection.
  • Flowers loved by beneficial insects.
  • Seeds harden in autumn and can be used for tea or left to feed the birds and self seed.
Forest layer  herbaceousEdible  Seeds / nuts / tubers  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow directPrice  $3.90100 seeds
Comfrey

Comfrey

Latin name  Symphytum officinaleDetails  Fantastic companion plant for forest gardens. Chop and drop through spring and summer to nourish adjacent trees and improve soil quality.Diameter  1.00Height (m)  0.5Family  BoraginaceaePerennial  Forest layer  rhizospherePropigation method  DivisionShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadePrice  $5.903 root pieces
Peruvian Pepper

Peruvian Pepper

Common name  California Peppertree, Peruvian peppertreeLatin name  Schinus molleFamily  AnacardiaceaeHeight (m)  8Diameter  8.00Forest layer  low-treeSeeds / nuts / tubers  Evergreen  Edible  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / traySoil type  Most
Japanese Chinquapin

Japanese Chinquapin

Latin name  Castanopsis cuspidataHeight (m)  25Diameter  10.00Forest layer  canopySeeds / nuts / tubers  Evergreen  Edible  Perennial  Date  August 01, 2015Shade / Sun  Semi shadeSoil type  MostTags    nuts  evergreen 
Kiwifruit

Kiwifruit

Details  This vigorous climbing vine is doing well, growing on deer fence netting wrapped around big black plastic water tank. Male and female are plated north-east and north-west face of the tank.Common name  Kiwifruit, Chinese GooseberryLatin name  Actinidia deliciosaFamily  ActinidiaceaeForest layer  verticalEdible  Fruit / berries  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Date  September 01, 2012Shade / Sun  Full sun
Blood Navel Orange

Blood Navel Orange

Details  A mid season, low acid and virtually seedless blood navel orange. Raspberry-coloured flesh is sweet to taste, with subtle cherry undertones and extremely juicy.Date  November 26, 2014Common name  Cara CaraEdible  Evergreen  Flowers  whiteForest layer  low-treeFrost sensitive  Fruit / berries  Latin name  Citrus sinensisVariety  Cara Cara
Earth Gems

Earth Gems

Details  Ulluco is one of the most widely grown and economically important root crops in the Andean region of South America, second only to the potato. The major appeal of ulluco is its crisp texture which, like the jicama, remains even when cooked. Because of its high water content, ulluco is not suitable for frying or baking, but it can be cooked in many other ways like the potato.Latin name  UllucoFamily  BasellaceaeHeight (m)  0.3Forest layer  rhizosphereSeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  TubersShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  Most
Blue Sausage Fruit

Blue Sausage Fruit

Details  This is a shrub that is definitely different. From China, it is a deciduous shrub forming clumps of tall, upright shoots with large, pinnate leaves, themselves ornamental, up to 90cm in length. The somewhat unusual flowers too are attractive, yellow-green in colour and appear in early summer in drooping racemes. However, the main reason for growing this plant is for its quite remarkable seed pods. Although the botanists insist on calling these fruits "fleshy follicles", to the layman they look just like a broad bean. But the colour! Quite unlike anything else in the whole plant world, they are startling metallic-blue.Common name  Blue Sausage FruitLatin name  Decaisnea fargesiiFamily  LardizabalaceaeEdible  Perennial  Date  July 09, 2013Flowers  MayColour  GreenSource  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
June Berry, Western Service Berry, Saskatoon

June Berry, Western Service Berry, Saskatoon

Details  A medium-sized shrub snowily laden in spring with masses of ragged white flowers followed by black berries, each half an inch across, good to eat and once much sought after by Indians.Common name  June Berry, Western Service BerryLatin name  Amelanchier alnifoliaFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  4Forest layer  shrubEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Date  July 01, 2013Shade / Sun  Part shadeFlowers  AprilColour  White CreamSource  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Elaeagnus pungens

Elaeagnus pungens

Details  Found on sunny slopes, road sides and thickets in lowlands, usually below 1000 metres and especially by the sea
Origin -
E. Asia - China, Japan.
Common name  Elaeagnus, Thorny olive, Thorny Elaeagnus, Oleaster, Silverberry, Silverthorn, Pungent ElaeagnusLatin name  Elaeagnus pungensFamily  ElaeagnaceaeHeight (m)  4Diameter  4.00Forest layer  shrubEvergreen  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Wind tolerance  Maritime exposureShade / Sun  Full shade to full sunSoil type  Most
Elaeagnus x ebbingei

Elaeagnus x ebbingei

Latin name  Elaeagnus x ebbingeiFamily  ElaeagnaceaeHeight (m)  5Diameter  5.00Forest layer  shrubEvergreen  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Wind tolerance  Maritime exposureShade / Sun  Full shade to full sunSoil type  Most
Arbutus unedo

Arbutus unedo

Common name  Strawberry treeLatin name  Arbutus unedoFamily  EricaceaeHeight (m)  9Diameter  8.00Forest layer  low-treeEvergreen  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Wind tolerance  Maritime exposureShade / Sun  Full to part sunSoil type  Dry to moist
Elaeagnus multiflora

Elaeagnus multiflora

Details  All round great plant for most locations and food forest installationsCommon name  Goumi, Cherry silverberryLatin name  Elaeagnus multifloraFamily  ElaeagnaceaeHeight (m)  3Diameter  2.00Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Jugulone tolerance  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full to part sunSoil type  Most
Kakabeak

Kakabeak

Details  Grows in open, sunny, steep sites, often on rocky outcrops, slips, the bases of cliffs or edges of lakes and streams. It is a relatively short-lived plant, sometimes lasting 15-20 years.Latin name  ClianthusFamily  FabaceaeHeight (m)  2Diameter  1.50Forest layer  shrubEvergreen  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  SunFlowers  Red
Turkey Tail Mushroom

Turkey Tail Mushroom

Details  Turkey Tail Mushrooms have been used for hundreds of years in Asia, Europe, and by the indigenous peoples in North America for immunity and other benefits. This colourful, super-abundant mushroom grows on dead trees, logs, branches, and stumps.Latin name  Trametes versicolorFamily  PolyporaceaeEdible  Shade / Sun  Shade
Pecan

Pecan

Details  North American nut tree growing to 50 meters. Prefers sunny stream sidesCommon name  PecanLatin name  Carya illinoinensisFamily  JuglandaceaeHeight (m)  50Forest layer  canopySeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  Moist
Judas Tree

Judas Tree

Details  Hardy to -15CCommon name  Judas Tree, RedbudLatin name  Cercis siliquastrumFamily  LeguminosaeHeight (m)  12Diameter  10.00Forest layer  low-treeSeeds / nuts / tubers  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  Pink
Chinese licorice

Chinese licorice

Common name  Gan Cao, Chinese licoriceLatin name  Glycyrrhiza uralensisFamily  Fabaceae or LeguminosaeHeight (m)  0.4Diameter  0.60Forest layer  rhizosphereSeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Shade / Sun  Full sun - part shade
Jerusalem Artichoke

Jerusalem Artichoke

Latin name  Helianthus tuberosusFamily  Asteraceae or CompositaeHeight (m)  2.4Diameter  0.60Forest layer  rhizosphereSeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Perennial  Propigation method  TubersWind tolerance  GoodSoil type  MostFlowers  Yellow
Maximillian Sunflower

Maximillian Sunflower

Common name  Maximillian Sunflower / DaisyLatin name  Helianthus maximilianiiHeight (m)  2.4Forest layer  herbaceousSeeds / nuts / tubers  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  Yellow
Butterfly weed

Butterfly weed

Details  A species of milkweed native to eastern North America. It is a perennial plant growing to 0.3–1 metre tall, with clustered orange or yellow flowers from early summer to early autumn.Common name  Pleurisy Root, Butterfly milkweed, Rolfs' milkweed, Indian PaintbrushLatin name  Asclepias tuberosaFamily  AsclepiadaceaeHeight (m)  0.31Diameter  0.50Forest layer  herbaceousPerennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeFlowers  OrangeTags    butterfly 
Creeping Raspberry

Creeping Raspberry

Details  A native of Taiwan, this spectacular, fast-growing, evergreen groundcover is from the same family as Strawberries and Raspberries.Common name  Creeping RaspberryLatin name  Rubus hayata-koidzumiiHeight (m)  0.3Forest layer  ground coverEvergreen  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  DivisionShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  Most
Alpine Strawberry

Alpine Strawberry

Common name  Alpine StrawberryLatin name  Fragaria vesca 'Semperflorens'Height (m)  0.3Diameter  0.30Forest layer  ground coverEvergreen  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  Moist free drainingFlowers  White
Male Bamboo

Male Bamboo

Details  A tropical to subtropical clumping species native to Southeast Asia. This bamboo is extensively used as a raw material in paper mills and has edible shoots.Common name  Male Bamboo, Solid Bamboo or Calcutta BambooLatin name  Dendrocalamus strictusHeight (m)  8-20Forest layer  rhizosphereEdible  Perennial  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  Division
Moso / Chinese timber Bamboo

Moso / Chinese timber Bamboo

Details  Cold hardy bamboo with large diameter stemsLatin name  Phyllostachys edulisHeight (m)  28Forest layer  verticalEdible  Perennial  Propigation method  Division
Chinese haw

Chinese haw

Details  Broadly spreading, deciduous. Thorns not numerous. Leaves glossy and yellow in the autumn. Grown widely in China for its edible red fruits.Common name  Chinese hawLatin name  Crataegus pinnatifidaFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  5.0Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Date  August 07, 2013Shade / Sun  Semi shade, Full sunSoil type  Moist, WetSource  Appletons
Chinese dogwood

Chinese dogwood

Details  Broadly spreading, deciduous. Larger leaves than C. kousa. White flower bracts very showy and last twice as long as C. florida. Compound fruits pinky-red food for birds. Autumn colours are variable - purplish to bright red.Common name  Chinese dogwoodLatin name  Cornus kousa chinensisFamily  CornaceaeHeight (m)  6.0Edible  Date  August 05, 2013Shade / Sun  Semi shade, Full sunSoil type  MoistSource  Appletons
Elderberry

Elderberry

Details  Fast growing multi stemmed small tree with flat clusters of small white flowers in late spring.Common name  Elderberry - European ElderLatin name  Sambucus nigraFamily  CaprifoliaceaeHeight (m)  6Diameter  6.00Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Wind tolerance  LowShade / Sun  Full sun - ShadeSoil type  MostFlowers  White
Empress tree

Empress tree

Details  This truly spectacular tree produces large, pale mauve "foxglove" flowers on naked branches in early spring, the large, dinner-plate-sized, soft furry leaves appearing later. If cut to the ground in spring, enormous leaves develop on the shoots sprouting from the soil.Common name  empress tree, princess tree, foxglove tree, or kiriLatin name  Paulownia tomentosaFamily  ScrophulariaceaeHeight (m)  3.0Forest layer  canopyPerennial  Date  July 23, 2013Propigation method  Sow pot / traySource  http://www.plant-world-seeds.com
Rhubarb

Rhubarb

Details  The stems of this easy to grow perennial can be used as a fruit or vegetable.Latin name  Rheum rhabarbarumFamily  PolygonaceaeHeight (m)  0.5Diameter  1.00Forest layer  herbaceousEdible  Perennial  Propigation method  DivisionShade / Sun  Full sun, Partial shade
Chinese water chestnuts

Chinese water chestnuts

Details  The water chestnut is actually not a nut at all, but an aquatic vegetable that grows in marshes, underwater in the mud.Common name  Chinese water chestnutsLatin name  Eleocharis dulcisFamily  CyperaceaeHeight (m)  1Forest layer  rhizosphereSeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Propigation method  TubersSoil type  Submerged in water
Vietnamese coriander

Vietnamese coriander

Details  Leaves are used in Southeast Asian cooking. A perennial plant that grows best in tropical and subtropical zones in warm and damp conditions. In advantageous conditions, it can grow up to 15–30 cmCommon name  Vietnamese coriander, Vietnamese mint, Vietnamese cilantro, Cambodian mintLatin name  Persicaria odorataFamily  PolygonaceaeHeight (m)  0.3Diameter  1.00Forest layer  herbaceousEvergreen  Edible  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Soil type  Moist
Pineapple sage

Pineapple sage

Details  Tubular red flowers and an attractive scent to the leaves that is similar to pineapple. It produces numerous erect leafy stems and flowers in the late autumn. Native to highland temperate forest in central Mexico. In cultivation, Pineapple sage grows to 1.2m tall, with the roots extending underground to form a large clump.Common name  Pineapple sage, tangerine sageLatin name  Salvia elegansHeight (m)  1.5Diameter  1.00Forest layer  shrubEdible  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Propigation method  CuttingShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MoistFlowers  Red
Small Leaved Lime, Littleleaf linden

Small Leaved Lime, Littleleaf linden

Details  Young leaves make an excellent salad or sandwich filling. Coppice or pollard trees to maintain a manageable sizeLatin name  Tilia cordataHeight (m)  30Diameter  12.00Forest layer  canopyEdible  Perennial  Wind tolerance  Tolerate exposureCarbon Equivalent  1.00Source  Appletons
Evergreen laburnum

Evergreen laburnum

Details  This Himalayan shrub is evergreen in mild sheltered sites, semi-evergreen elsewhere, losing its leaves in hard frost but soon recovering again in spring. The growth is upright and flexible, allowing plants to be trained on warm walls where they are sheltered and flower more profusely. The blooms are large and bright yellow, like those of laburnum but in short upright clusters. Although good drainage is important, make sure plants are watered in summer to prevent sudden die-back.Latin name  Piptanthus nepalensisHeight (m)  2.5Diameter  2.00Forest layer  shrubEvergreen  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Shade / Sun  Full sun, Partial shadeFlowers  Yellow
Golden Rain Tree

Golden Rain Tree

Details  China and Korea. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Long pinnate leaves, yellow and orange in autumn. Small yellow flowers in large panicles followed by papery triangular capsules. Both make a good display. Suit hot dry sites.Common name  Golden Rain TreeLatin name  Koelreuteria paniculataHeight (m)  5-10Diameter  3.00Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  GoodShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  YellowSource  Appletons

Chinese Yellow Wood

Details  Broadly spreading, deciduous. New growth silvery blue-grey, very hardy. Creamy white pea-like flowers in dense erect clusters. A legume, fixes nitrogen from the air. Rare in NZCommon name  Chinese Yellow WoodLatin name  Maackia AmurensisHeight (m)  6Diameter  6.00Forest layer  low-treeNitrogen fixer  Date  July 10, 2010Wind tolerance  LowShade / Sun  Full sunSource  Appletons
Silk tree

Silk tree

Details  Broadly spreading, deciduous. Often flat topped,late into leaf. Dark pink flowers on top of the leaves in January. The small leaflets of the compound leaves quickly disintegrate after leaf fall. Drought & heat tolerant.Common name  Silk tree, Persian silk tree, pink silk treeLatin name  Albizia julibrissin roseaHeight (m)  10Diameter  12.00Forest layer  low-treeSeeds / nuts / tubers  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Date  July 02, 2012Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  PinkSource  Appletons
Tree Lucerne, Tagasaste

Tree Lucerne, Tagasaste

Details  A wide spreading, tall, deciduous shrub. Vigorous growth, leaves and white flowers in spring eaten by native pigeons (krereru). Foliage can be cut for grazing stock in droughts and for use as mulch material. Fixes nitrogen. Can be killed by severe frosts.Common name  Tree Lucerne, TagasasteLatin name  Chamaecytisus PalmensisFamily  FabaceaeHeight (m)  4Diameter  3.00Forest layer  low-treeSeeds / nuts / tubers  Evergreen  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Date  July 04, 2012Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  MostFlowers  WhiteSource  Appletons, Wild seedRating  
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Goji berry

Goji berry

Details  One of the so called super fruits because of all the good minerals and vitamins it contains.Common name  Goji, Box Thorn, Matrimony vineLatin name  Lycium barbarumFamily  SolanaceaeHeight (m)  2.5Diameter  4.00Forest layer  shrubEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  Tolerate maritime exposureShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  Moist free draining
Teasel

Teasel

Common name  Teasel, Fuller's teaselLatin name  Dipsacus fullonumFamily  DipsacaceaeHeight (m)  1.8Diameter  1.00Forest layer  herbaceousPropigation method  Sow directWind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  MostCarbon Equivalent  1.00
Chaenomeles japonica

Chaenomeles japonica

Common name  Dwarf Quince, Maule's quince, Japanese Flowering QuinceLatin name  Chaenomeles japonicaFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  1Diameter  2.00Forest layer  shrubEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  MostFlowers  PinkSource  Leithfield beach
New Jersey Tea

New Jersey Tea

Details  Deciduous shrub growing in dry woods and on gravelly banks, often on sandstone or limestone bluffsCommon name  New Jersey Tea, Wild SnowballLatin name  Ceanothus americanusFamily  RhamnaceaeHeight (m)  1.2Diameter  1.00Forest layer  herbaceousPerennial  Nitrogen fixer  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  White
Liquorice

Liquorice

Common name  Liquorice, Cultivated licoriceLatin name  Glycyrrhiza glabraFamily  Fabaceae or LeguminosaeHeight (m)  1.2Diameter  1.00Forest layer  herbaceousEdible  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sun - part shade
Red cherry / strawberry guava

Red cherry / strawberry guava

Common name  Red cherry / strawberry guavaLatin name  Psidium cattleianumHeight (m)  6Forest layer  shrubEvergreen  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Full sun
Black Chokeberry

Black Chokeberry

Details  Aronia is a genus of deciduous shrubs, the chokeberries, in the family Rosaceae, native to eastern North America and most commonly found in wet woods and swamps.Common name  Black Chokeberry, Black Berried AroniaLatin name  Aronia melanocarpaFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  2.5Diameter  3.00Forest layer  shrubEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full sun - part shade
Fig

Fig

Details  Medium rate growth, self fertile.Common name  FigLatin name  Ficus caricaFamily  MoraceaeHeight (m)  6Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Drought tolerance  Shade / Sun  No ShadeSoil type  Dry, Rocky
Japanese Raisin Tree

Japanese Raisin Tree

Details  A deciduous Tree growing to 10 m by 7 m. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender.Common name  Japanese Raisin TreeLatin name  Hovenia dulcisFamily  RhamnaceaeHeight (m)  10Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Perennial  Date  July 14, 2013Flowers  June, JulySource  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Asimina triloba

Asimina triloba

Details  Native to north america, cold hardy fruit producerCommon name  American PawpawLatin name  Asimina trilobaFamily  AnnonaceaeHeight (m)  4.5Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  LowShade / Sun  Shade - part shadeSoil type  Moist free drainingFlowers  MaroonSource  subtropica
Sea berry

Sea berry

Details  Nitrogen fixing small tree with thorns producing copious small berries born directly on branches. High in vitimins. Hardy, wind and drought tolerant.Common name  Sea Buckthorn, SeaberryLatin name  Hippophae rhamnoidesFamily  ElaeagnaceaeHeight (m)  6Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  Most
Green Tea

Green Tea

Details  The leaves are infused in hot water and used as the drink that is commonly known as tea. It is widely drunk in many areas of the world. Green tea is made from the steamed and dried leaves.Latin name  Camellia SinensisFamily  TheaceaeHeight (m)  2Forest layer  shrubEvergreen  Perennial  Date  June 29, 2013Tags    Tea  Colour  WhiteSource  Trademe
Crimson clover

Crimson clover

Details  Multipurpose nitrogen fixing legume and beneficial insect plant. Sow late summer for rapid bulky upright growth. It goes dormant in the cold of winter before resuming growth in spring up to 1m high and sporting a striking crimson bloom in early summer. Chop and dig in prior to flowering or leave for a valuable nectar rich food supply for bees and beneficial insects.Common name  Crimson cloverLatin name  Trifolium incarnatumHeight (m)  1Forest layer  herbaceousNitrogen fixer  Propigation method  Sow directShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  MostFlowers  RedSource  Kings Seed
Senna multiglandulosa

Senna multiglandulosa

Details  Senna multiglandulosa is a species of flowering plant in the legume family known by several common names, including glandular senna, downy senna, and buttercup bush. It is native to Mexico, Guatemala, and western parts of South America, but it is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant and in some areas of the world has become naturalized in the wild. In some places it is considered a weed, for example, in New Zealand and New South Wales.[1] This is a hairy or woolly shrub which can grow to six meters in height, becoming treelike. The leaves are each made up of several pairs of thick, hairy, oval-shaped leaflets each measuring up to about 4 centimeters long. The leaves are studded with visible resin glands between the leaflets. The inflorescence is a raceme of several flowers, each with five golden yellow petals measuring 1 to 2 centimeters long. The flower has seven fertile stamens with large anthers and three sterile staminodes. The fruit is a legume pod, flattened or inflated and coated in hairs, reaching up to 12 centimeters long and filled with beanlike seeds.Common name  Cassia, glandular senna, downy senna, buttercup bushLatin name  Senna multiglandulosaFamily  FabaceaeHeight (m)  4Forest layer  low-treeSeeds / nuts / tubers  Evergreen  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full sunFlowers  YellowSource  Gore bay
Phacelia

Phacelia

Details  Quick growing manure crop or as a sanctuary for predator insects to feed and plan their assaults from. Dig or plough in anytime. Sow from September through to April at a rate of 30g per 10m2 or 1kg per 300m2.Common name  PhaceliaLatin name  Phacelia tanacetifoliaHeight (m)  1Forest layer  herbaceousDate  July 08, 2013Propigation method  Sow directTags    bees  Shade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  PurpleSource  http://www.kingsseeds.co.nz
Coprosma

Coprosma

Details  A genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It is found in New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Borneo, Java, New Guinea, islands of the Pacific Ocean to Australia and the Juan Fernández Islands.

The name Coprosma means "smelling like dung" and refers to the smell (methanethiol) given out by the crushed leaves of a few species.

Many species are small shrubs with tiny evergreen leaves, but a few are small trees and have much larger leaves. The flowers have insignificant petals and are wind-pollinated, with long anthers and stigmas. Natural hybrids are common. The fruit is a non-poisonous juicy berry, most often bright orange (but can be dark red or even light blue), containing two small seeds. The orange fruit of the larger species were eaten by Māori children, and are also popular with birds. It is said that coffee can be made from the seeds, Coprosma being related to the coffee plants. A notable feature (also found in other genera of Rubiaceae) is that the leaves contain hollows in the axils of the veins; in these, and on the leaf stipules, nitrogen-fixing bacteria grow. In addition the hollows, or domatia, encourage certain kinds of mites to take up residence, which feed on and reduce parasitic fungi which attack the leaf.

Recommended as chicken forrage by Bill Mollison
Height (m)  0.5 - 3Forest layer  shrubEvergreen  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  SunSoil type  Most
Siberian Pea Shrub

Siberian Pea Shrub

Details  A genus of shrubs mostly native to Central Asia, some inhabiting dry, half-desert regions with hot summers and bitterly cold winters. They include some of the toughest and most accommodating of all plants, some able to survive temperatures down to -40°C. (A diversion for quiz addicts: this is the one point in the Centigrade and Fahrenheit scales of temperature where they are numerically the same.) As with many plants of such origin, they are often armed with an interesting variety of spines, some making useful impenetrable barriers. One of the toughest of all plants with clusters of yellow pea-flowers in May.Common name  Siberian Pea ShrubLatin name  Caragana arborescensFamily  Leguminosae/FabaceaeHeight (m)  4Forest layer  shrubSeeds / nuts / tubers  Evergreen  Edible  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Date  July 07, 2013Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  YellowSource  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Asiatic sweetleaf/Sapphire berry

Asiatic sweetleaf/Sapphire berry

Details  China & Japan. Wide spreading deciduous shrub. Panicles of creamy white fragrant flowers in mid summer. Bright blue berries remain after leaf fall, best display where two or more are planted. Fruit - cooked. Used in jams, jellies and sauceCommon name  Asiatic sweetleaf/Sapphire berryLatin name  Symplocos paniculataFamily  SymplocaceaeHeight (m)  3.0Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Date  August 11, 2013Wind tolerance  GoodShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MoistFlowers  WhiteColour  PurpleSource  Appletons
Foamflower

Foamflower

Common name  Foamflower, Heartleaf foamflower, Clumping FoamflowerLatin name  Tiarella cordifoliaFamily  SaxifragaceaeHeight (m)  0.2Forest layer  ground coverEvergreen  Perennial  Date  October 19, 2014Shade / Sun  Part shadeSoil type  MostFlowers  White
Yellow Loosestrife

Yellow Loosestrife

Details  Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Pond; Bog Garden.
An astringent herb, yellow loosestrife is principally used to treat gastro-intestinal conditions such as diarrhoea and dysentery, to stop internal and external bleeding and to cleanse wounds
Common name  Yellow Loosestrife, Garden yellow loosestrifeLatin name  Lysimachia vulgarisFamily  PrimulaceaeHeight (m)  1.2Forest layer  herbaceousPerennial  Date  October 19, 2014Shade / Sun  Shade - part shadeSoil type  MostFlowers  Yellow
Ajuga

Ajuga

Details  Ajuga reptans is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.3m by 0.6m at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, The plant is self-fertile. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Common name  Bugle, Common Bugelweed, Bugleweed, Carpet Bugleweed, Carpetweed, Carpet BugleLatin name  Ajuga reptansFamily  LamiaceaeHeight (m)  0.3Forest layer  ground coverEvergreen  Perennial  Date  October 17, 2014Shade / Sun  Sun - Full shadeSoil type  MostFlowers  Purple
Cape broom

Cape broom

Latin name  Genista monspessulanaHeight (m)  3Forest layer  shrubSeeds / nuts / tubers  Evergreen  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  Sow directWind tolerance  GoodShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  YellowSource  Kaikoura
Good king henry

Good king henry

Details  This is a small perennial herbaceous vegetable that was once well known in England and central/southern Europe. While it has naturalized in the U.S., it is a rather uncommon food there. Good King Henry is in the same family as spinach, and its leaves are used in much the same way; however, its shoots are eaten like asparagus, flower buds like broccoli, and the seeds are an edible grain. Add its ability to grow in the shade, and this is a great plant to add to your Edible Forest Garden or other Permaculture plantings.Latin name  Chenopodium bonus-henricusForest layer  herbaceousEvergreen  Edible  Perennial  Date  October 04, 2014Propigation method  Division
Italian Stone pine

Italian Stone pine

Details  Broadly conical when young, develops a broadly arched umbrella shaped evergreen crown. Cones globose, ripen in 3rd year. Large seeds edible. Suited to dry and coastal conditions. Tolerates heat & cold.Common name  Italian Stone pineLatin name  Pinus PineaHeight (m)  20Seeds / nuts / tubers  Evergreen  Edible  Drought tolerance  Date  July 11, 2010Wind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  DrySource  Appletons
Walnut

Walnut

Details  Moderately fast growing nut tree producing large edible nuts in a two part shell. Trees excrete jugulone that inhibits plant growth of most other species.Common name  Walnut, English walnut, Persian Walnut,Latin name  Juglans regiaFamily  JuglandaceaeHeight (m)  20Forest layer  canopySeeds / nuts / tubers  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sun - part shade
Pear

Pear

Common name  PearLatin name  Pyrus communisFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  13Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Propigation method  GraftWind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  Free drainingFlowers  White
Plum

Plum

Details  Fruit ripen early in the season. Loved by birds including native wood pigeon.Common name  PlumLatin name  Prunus domesticaFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  12Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Wind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  MostFlowers  Pink, White
Blueberry

Blueberry

Details  Grows in swamps, low wet woods, pine barrens and dry uplands.
Common name  BlueberryLatin name  Vaccinium corymbosumFamily  EricaceaeHeight (m)  2Forest layer  shrubEvergreen  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  CuttingWind tolerance  LowShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  Acid
Black Mulberry

Black Mulberry

Details  The edible fruit is dark purple, almost black, when ripe, 2–3 centimetres longCommon name  MulberryLatin name  Morus nigraFamily  MoraceaeHeight (m)  12Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Wind tolerance  LowShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  Sandy to Clay
Arizonica

Arizonica

Details  Moderate growth rate. Creates attractive shelter.Common name  Arizona cypressLatin name  Cupressus arizonicaFamily  CupressaceaeHeight (m)  20Forest layer  canopySeeds / nuts / tubers  Evergreen  Perennial  Wind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeColour  Blue grey
Black locust

Black locust

Details  Fast growing thorny tree with ground durable timber.Common name  Black locustLatin name  Robinia pseudoacaciaFamily  Fabaceae or LeguminosaeHeight (m)  25Forest layer  canopySeeds / nuts / tubers  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sunFlowers  White
Akeake

Akeake

Details  A smallish, relatively fast growing New Zealand native that stands wind and dryLatin name  Dodonea viscosaHeight (m)  7Forest layer  low-treeEvergreen  Drought tolerance  Wind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  Most
Peach

Peach

Common name  PeachLatin name  Prunus persicaFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  4Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  Pink
Sweet Cherry

Sweet Cherry

Details  Loved by bees and birdsCommon name  Sweet CherryLatin name  Prunus aviumFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  18Forest layer  canopyEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  Free drainingFlowers  White
Kowhai

Kowhai

Details  New Zealand nativeLatin name  Sophora tetrapteraForest layer  canopyEvergreen  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeFlowers  Yellow
Chinese Persimmon

Chinese Persimmon

Details  This is a splendid, large shrub with large, shining green leaves that turn a glorious orange or plum-purple colour in autumn. The edible fruits, Persimmons, are produced here most reasonable summers.Common name  Chinese PersimmonLatin name  Diospyros kakiFamily  EbenaceaeEdible  Perennial  Date  July 10, 2013Source  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Asparagus

Asparagus

Details  Young shoots - raw or cooked. Considered a gourmet food, the shoots are harvested in the spring. They are normally boiled or steamed and used as a vegetable. Male plants produce the best shoots.

Do not over-harvest the plant because this would weaken it in the following year.
The shoots are a good source of protein and dietary fibre. Roasted seeds are a coffee substitute
Common name  AsparagusLatin name  Asparagus officinalisFamily  AsparagaceaeHeight (m)  1-2Forest layer  herbaceousEdible  Frost sensitive  Propigation method  DivisionShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  Free drainingRating  
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Purple Coral Pea Shrub

Purple Coral Pea Shrub

Common name  Purple Coral Pea ShrubLatin name  Hardenbergia violaceaFamily  FabaceaeHeight (m)  2Forest layer  verticalEvergreen  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  CuttingShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  LightFlowers  Purple
Apricot

Apricot

Common name  ApricotLatin name  Prunus armeniacaFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  9Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  GraftShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  White
Blue lupin

Blue lupin

Details  Grows well in most locations where it improves soil with organic matter and nitrogen. Bees enjoy the flowers.

Practical Plants
Plants for a future
Common name  Blue lupinLatin name  Lupinus angustifoliusFamily  LeguminosaeHeight (m)  1Forest layer  herbaceousNitrogen fixer  Propigation method  Sow directTags    Bees  Flowers  BlueRating  
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Sweet Chestnut

Sweet Chestnut

Details  Chestnuts are very hardy deciduous trees of great beauty, highly productive and require little maintenance. Chestnuts should only be planted in free draining soils as they do not like wet feet. They thrive in warm sheltered sunny spots, in organically rich, moisture retentive but good draining soils. Chestnut 1005 has medium to large nuts of great quality and flavour (very sweet). It crops heavily and early in the season and is self fertile. Growth habit is compact, bushy (for a Chestnut).
SPANISH JAPANESE HYBRID
Common name  Sweet ChestnutLatin name  Castanea Sativa/CrenataVariety  HybridFamily  FagaceaeHeight (m)  6 - 10mForest layer  canopySeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Propigation method  GraftShade / Sun  Full sun
Mountain Paw Paw

Mountain Paw Paw

Common name  Mountain pawpaw / papayaLatin name  Carica pubescensFamily  AnnonaceaeForest layer  low-treeEdible  
Osage Orange

Osage Orange

Details  A thorny tree with hard orange coloured dense wood. Good fuel wood.Latin name  Maclura pomiferaForest layer  canopyPropigation method  Sow pot / tray
Grape

Grape

Latin name  Vitis viniferaForest layer  verticalEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  CuttingShade / Sun  Full sun - part shade
New Zealand Flax

New Zealand Flax

Details  Useful to tying materials. Loved by bell birds and other nectar feeders.Latin name  Phormium tenaxHeight (m)  2-4Forest layer  shrubEvergreen  Propigation method  DivisionWind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sun - ShadeSoil type  MostFlowers  Orange
Cabbage Tree

Cabbage Tree

Details  An attractive palm native to New Zealand. Long stiff leavesLatin name  Cordyline australisHeight (m)  15Forest layer  low-treeWind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  MostFlowers  White
Apple

Apple

Latin name  Malus domesticaFamily  RosaceaeForest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Propigation method  GraftShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeRating  
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Almond

Almond

Latin name  Prunus dulcisFamily  RosaceaeForest layer  low-treeSeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Propigation method  GraftShade / Sun  Full sunRating  
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Cornelian Cherry

Cornelian Cherry

Latin name  Cornus masFamily  CornaceaeHeight (m)  5Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  
Hardy kiwi, Tara Vine

Hardy kiwi, Tara Vine

Latin name  Actinidia argutaForest layer  verticalEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Full sun - part shade
Earthnut Pea

Earthnut Pea

Latin name  Lathyrus tuberosusFamily  LeguminosaeForest layer  ground coverSeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full sunColour  Pink

Liquorice

Details  hardy to about -15°cCommon name  LiquoriceLatin name  Glycyrrhiza glabraFamily  Leguminosae/FabaceaeHeight (m)  0.5Forest layer  rhizosphereSeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Date  July 03, 2013Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Sun, part shadeSoil type  Sandy to LoamyColour  Purple/LavenderSource  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Black tomato

Black tomato

Details  A stunning jet black tomato. Originally developed by the Oregon State University from crossing the commercial tomato with the black species Solanum peruvianum. They trusted one man with the seeds for propagation but this guy released the un-finalised version all over the world.  Breeders who got hold of the seeds started using it to improve the taste but keeping the black skin. This version is from about ten generations down the line to make the taste better.Common name  Cesar's 'Truly Black'Latin name  Solanum lycopersicumHeight (m)  1Forest layer  herbaceousEdible  Fruit / berries  Frost sensitive  Date  February 02, 2014Propigation method  Sow directWind tolerance  LowFlowers  YellowSource  Cesar Zapata
spring vetchling or spring pea

spring vetchling or spring pea

Details  Very valuable spring colour is produced by one of the most lovely dwarf perennial peas, with masses of violet blue pea flowers in April and May. Some L. vernus var. albus (white) are also included in here.Latin name  Lathyrus vernusFamily  LeguminosaeHeight (m)  0.2Forest layer  herbaceousPerennial  Nitrogen fixer  Date  July 22, 2013Propigation method  Sow pot / trayFlowers  PinkSource  http://www.plant-world-seeds.com
Oleaster, Russian Olive

Oleaster, Russian Olive

Details  Wind-resistant, quick-growing, deciduous shrub with silvery foliage and fragrant flowers, followed by edible, ornamental fruits.Common name  Oleaster, Russian OliveLatin name  Elaeagnus angustifoliaFamily  ElaeagnaceaeHeight (m)  7Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Date  July 11, 2013Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sunFlowers  YellowSource  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Thai Ginger

Thai Ginger

Details  The rhizomes are used in various Asian cuisines. In its raw form, galangals have a stronger taste than common ginger.Latin name  GalangalHeight (m)  1Forest layer  rhizosphereEdible  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Propigation method  Division
Loquat, Japanese Medlar

Loquat, Japanese Medlar

Details  In this country normally seen as a rather splendid shrub with large, leathery, toothed leaves, up to 12 ins. long, dark glossy green above and woolly below. The beautiful and fragrant, yellowish-white flowers are borne in late summer or early autumn and, very occasionally, followed by edible, pear-shaped fruits. Well worth growing for its noble foliage. Needs a sheltered position. Seeds are despatched from cold storage and should be sown IMMEDIATELY ON RECEIPT.Common name  Loquat, Japanese MedlarLatin name  Eriobotrya japonicaVariety  SeedlingFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  3-4Forest layer  low-treeEvergreen  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Date  July 12, 2013Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Sun, part shadeFlowers  August, SeptemberSource  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Carob

Carob

Details  A species of flowering evergreen shrub or tree in the pea family. It is widely cultivated for its edible pods, and as an ornamental tree in gardens. The ripe, dried pod is often ground to carob powder which is used as a substitute for cocoa powder.Latin name  Ceratonia siliquaFamily  FabaceaeHeight (m)  15Forest layer  canopySeeds / nuts / tubers  Evergreen  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Propigation method  Sow pot / tray
American cranberry bush

American cranberry bush

Details  N. America. Broadly columnar, deciduous. White flowers in spring - scarlet edible fruits in autumn. Leaves red in autumn. Prefers moist and wet sites.
Fruit - raw or cooked. Juicy but acid, the taste is best after a frost. The fruits are rich in vitamin C, they are an excellent substitute for cranberries and are used in preserves, jams etc. A jam made from the fruit has a very pleasant flavour that goes well in a porridge. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter and contains a single large seed.
Common name  American cranberry bushLatin name  Viburnum trilobumFamily  AdoxaceaeHeight (m)  3.0Forest layer  shrubFruit / berries  Jugulone tolerance  Date  August 12, 2013Shade / Sun  Semi shade, Full sunSoil type  MoistFlowers  WhiteSource  Appletons
Radium Weed

Radium Weed

Details  Also know as petty spurge, cancer weed, or milkweed. Native to most of Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia, where it typically grows in cultivated arable land, gardens, and other disturbed land.Latin name  Euphorbia peplusFamily  EuphorbiaceaeForest layer  herbaceous

Silver wattle

Details  Fast growing, copices readily, good firewoodCommon name  Silver wattleLatin name  Acacia DealbataFamily  FabaceaeHeight (m)  25Evergreen  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Date  July 01, 2010Wind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  DrySource  Appletons

Chinese sweet box

Latin name  Sarcococca confusaHeight (m)  1Source  AppletonsDate  July 20, 2012Common name  Chinese sweet boxEvergreen  Details  Compact small evergreen shrub with sweetly scented flowers in winter followed by black berries. Leaves elliptic, reponds well to clipping. Grows well in heavy shade, frost hardy. 7cm tubes.

Japanese white birch

Latin name  Betula platyphylla v japonicaSource  AppletonsHeight (m)  20Common name  Japanese white birchDate  July 03, 2012Details  Narrowly weeping, deciduous. Bark pure white and retained to ground level longer than B. pendula. Leaves larger than B. pendula. Not affected by rust and has bright yellow autumn colour.

Broad-leaved hickory

Latin name  Acacia falciformisHeight (m)  10Source  AppletonsDate  July 01, 2012Common name  Broad-leaved hickoryEvergreen  Details  Coastal ranges of NSW. Erect small evergreen tree, straight trunk and light branching, timber tough and durable. Phyllodes like A. melanoxylon, creamy flowers in spring. Grows in moist gullies and exposed rocky slopes.

Golden rain tree

Latin name  Koelreuteria paniculataSource  AppletonsHeight (m)  7Common name  Golden rain treeDate  July 12, 2012Details  Broadly spreading, deciduous. Long pinnate leaves, yellow and orange in autumn. Small yellow flowers in large panicles followed by papery triangular capsules. Both make a good display. Suit hot dry sites.

Kobus magnolia

Latin name  Magnolia kobusSource  AppletonsHeight (m)  10Common name  Kobus magnoliaDate  July 14, 2012Details  Broadly conical to spreading, deciduous. White strap-like petals before the leaves in spring. Beautiful street planting in Vancouver, Canada. Cold hardy

NZ Bronze Flax

Latin name  Phormium purpureumHeight (m)  2Wind tolerance  HighSource  AppletonsDate  July 15, 2012Common name  NZ Bronze FlaxDetails  Broadly spreading, evergreen. Broad drooping or stiffly erect bronze to purple blades. Erect flower stalks attract tuis and bellbirds.Forest layer  shrubEvergreen  

Flowering ash

Latin name  Fraxinus ornusHeight (m)  7Source  AppletonsDate  July 09, 2012Common name  Flowering ashDrought tolerance  Details  Manna ash - from south Europe and southwest Asia. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Conspicuous clusters of small fragrant white flowers. Very drought tolerant and used as a street tree.

Hybrid witch hazel

Latin name  Hamamelis x intermediaHeight (m)  2Source  AppletonsDate  July 10, 2012Common name  Hybrid witch hazelForest layer  shrubDetails  Broadly spreading, deciduous. Leaves vary from dull purple, green to red in autumn. Small spidery yellow, orange or red flowers over winter. Screening, lovely plants.

Green flowered hellebore

Latin name  Helleborus x sterniiHeight (m)  0.5Source  AppletonsDate  July 11, 2012Common name  Green flowered helleboreForest layer  ground coverDetails  Apple green mass of flowers May to September contrasts with the grey-green foliage. Likes the sun and well drained soil.

Fraqgrant epaulette tree

Source  AppletonsLatin name  Pterostyrax hispidaCommon name  Fraqgrant epaulette treeDate  July 18, 2012

South African tree heath

Latin name  Erica canaliculataHeight (m)  2Source  AppletonsDate  July 07, 2012Common name  South African tree heathForest layer  shrubDetails  South Africa. Upright shrub, evergreen with abundantly flowering ascending branches. Small purplish-pink flowers cover the bush in winter. Hardy to our -9C winter frosts

Winter Sweet

Latin name  Chimonanthus praecoxSource  AppletonsHeight (m)  2Common name  Winter SweetDate  July 05, 2012Details  China. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Pale, waxy, yellow, sweetly scented flowers produced in winter on the bare branches. Succeeds in any well drained soil. Excellent on calcium rich soils.

Photinia reb robin

Latin name  Photinia x fraseriHeight (m)  3Source  AppletonsForest layer  low-treeDate  July 16, 2012Common name  Photinia reb robinEvergreen  Details  Broadly spreading evergreen shrub. Clips well into a neat hedge, the new shoots attractive red against dark green older leaves.

Shining gum

Latin name  Eucalyptus nitensHeight (m)  45Source  AppletonsDate  July 08, 2012Common name  Shining gumEvergreen  Details  Mountains of Victoria. Broadly conical when young, grows rapidly, cold hardy, best in regular rainfall at higher altitude. Unthrifty by age 20 at low altitude in warmer districts, but yields a lot of firewood.

NZ Toothed Lancewood

Latin name  Pseudopanax feroxHeight (m)  6Source  AppletonsForest layer  canopyDate  July 17, 2012Common name  NZ Toothed LancewoodEvergreen  Details  Bushy topped with short stout branches as an adult tree, evergreen. Lance-like juvenile form with downward pointing stiff sawtooth leaves.

Italian Alder

Nitrogen fixer  Latin name  Alnus CordataWind tolerance  ModerateSource  AppletonsShade / Sun  Full sunHeight (m)  25Details  Corsica, central and S. Italy. Broadly conical, deciduous. Popular for horticultural shelterbelts. Trims well into a narrow tall hedge. Roots penetrate deeply and so do not spread sideways into valuable crops. Drought tolerant.Date  July 06, 2010Common name  Italian AlderForest layer  CanopyFamily  BetulaceaeDrought tolerance  

Shantung Maple

Latin name  Acer TruncatumShade / Sun  Full sunWind tolerance  LowSource  AppletonsDate  July 05, 2010Common name  Shantung MapleFamily  AceraceaeHeight (m)  15Forest layer  Canopy

Red Alder

Shade / Sun  Full sunNitrogen fixer  Wind tolerance  ModerateSource  AppletonsSoil type  MoistLatin name  Alnus RubraDetails  Broadly conical deciduous. Vigorous growth on hillsides as well as streamsides. Produces good hardwood timber for furniture and panelling. Planted for shelter. Red winter buds identify this alder.Date  July 07, 2010Common name  Red AlderHeight (m)  25Forest layer  CanopyFamily  Betulaceae

Shagbark hickory

Latin name  Carya OvataSeeds / nuts / tubers  Source  AppletonsShade / Sun  Full sunHeight (m)  25Date  July 08, 2010Common name  Shagbark hickoryDetails  Broadly columnar, deciduous. Straight trunk and lightly branched. Bark peels in vertical plates with age. Orange autumn colour, prized timber, nuts sweet and edible. Plant small, tap root must develop before height growth commences.Forest layer  CanopyEdible  

Himalayan cedar

Shade / Sun  Full sunLatin name  Cedrus DeodaraWind tolerance  ModerateSource  AppletonsSoil type  DryHeight (m)  30Details  Broadly conical, evergreen. Drought and exposure tolerant. Popular dry country shelter tree. Mulch to smother grass for best results. Branch ends droop. Valuable aromatic timber, heartwood with resin.Date  July 09, 2010Common name  Himalayan cedarForest layer  CanopyEvergreen  Drought tolerance  

Fullmoon maple

Latin name  Acer JaponicumShade / Sun  Full sunWind tolerance  LowSource  AppletonsHeight (m)  3Date  July 02, 2010Common name  Fullmoon mapleDetails  Northern Japan in mountain forests. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Purple-red flowers before the leaves. Orange-red autumn coloursForest layer  CanopyFamily  Aceraceae

Japanese maple

Latin name  Acer PalmatumHeight (m)  12Wind tolerance  LowSource  AppletonsShade / Sun  Full sunDetails  Broadly spreading, deciduous. The small leaved, small seeded Japanese maple which comes true from seed. In autumn the colours change to orange and red, a magnificent sight. Shelter from strong winds, but remarkably drought tolerant.Date  July 03, 2010Common name  Japanese mapleForest layer  CanopyFamily  AceraceaeDrought tolerance  

Sugar maple

Shade / Sun  Full sunLatin name  Acer SaccharumWind tolerance  LowSource  AppletonsSoil type  FertileDetails  Broadly columnar, deciduous. Appears to need fertile soils for good growth. Also known as rock maple. Spring sap is processed into maple syrup in USA and now in NZ. Orange is the predominant autumn colour, quite spectacular. Cold hardy.Date  July 04, 2010Common name  Sugar mapleHeight (m)  25Forest layer  CanopyFamily  Aceraceae

Butternut

Details  E Nth America. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Fruits in clusters of 3-5. Shell is deeply sculptured and the nut sweet and very oily. Large compound leaves. Sugar is made from the sap. Green fruit husks produce a yellow orange dye.Common name  ButternutLatin name  Juglans cinereaFamily  JuglandaceaeHeight (m)  25.0Forest layer  canopySeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Date  August 08, 2013Shade / Sun  Full sunSource  Appletons
Pear - Red Bartlett

Pear - Red Bartlett

Details  Red skin early fruiting, melting flesh. Double grafted with Louis bon JerseyCommon name  PearLatin name  PyrusFamily  RosaceaeForest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Date  September 01, 2012Shade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  white

Chinese wisteria

Details  Vigorous climber, twining anti-clockwise, deciduous. Will climb into a tree and can be trained on a pagola or fence. Fragrant mauve flowers in long racemes before the leaves.Common name  Chinese wisteriaLatin name  Wisteria sinensisFamily  Fabaceae or LeguminosaeHeight (m)  7.0Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Date  August 13, 2013Shade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MoistFlowers  PurpleSource  Appletons

Ramanas Rose, Apple Rose

Forest layer  Shrub, HedgingFlowers  June, July, August, SeptemberLatin name  Rosa rugosaSource  https://www.chilternseeds.co.ukPerennial  Common name  Ramanas Rose, Apple RoseColour  Red/MaroonDate  July 17, 2013Family  RosaceaeDetails  A vigorous, perpetual-flowering shrub rose with single, wonderfully fragrant, bright crimson-purple flowers, followed by orange-red, tomato-shaped fruits. Useful for hedges.

Sweet Bay Tree, Bay Laurel, Bay Leaf

Latin name  Laurus nobilisForest layer  Tree, Shrub, HedgingSource  https://www.chilternseeds.co.ukPerennial  Date  July 15, 2013Common name  Sweet Bay Tree, Bay Laurel, Bay LeafFamily  LauraceaeDetails  This is the true "Laurel" of the ancients now grown for its aromatic foliage - used in cooking - and, as it stands clipping well, for formal use outside hotel entrances and the like. Good hedging plant and hardy throughout the British Isles.
TEXAS LILAC

TEXAS LILAC

Height (m)  3.0Latin name  VITEX AGNUS CASTUSSource  http://www.plant-world-seeds.comPerennial  Date  July 24, 2013Common name  TEXAS LILACDetails  Strong branches bear fragrant leaves, almost exactly identical to those of cannabis plants, and terminate in most attractive clusters of fragrant blue-mauve flowers. Vitex agnus-castus, also called Chaste Tree, Chasteberry, Abraham's Balm or Monk's Pepper, it was once used to flavour stews in monasteries, (not recommended for honeymooners). It is a native of the Mediterranean region and may be hardy in Devon, although needing shelter elsewhere. It is one of the few temperate-zone species of Vitex, which is generally a genus of tropical and sub-tropical flowering plants.Forest layer  TreeFamily  Verbenaceae
Red Kidney Vetch

Red Kidney Vetch

Height (m)  0.1Latin name  ANTHYLLIS VULNERARIA COCCINEASource  http://www.plant-world-seeds.comPerennial  Date  July 19, 2013Common name  Red Kidney VetchDetails  Superb crimson "pea" flowers appear from early spring until late summer, on radiating stems decked with hairy lanceolate leaves. A beautiful and bright plant which can be impressive on a hot bank where little else will survive.Forest layer  Ground CoverFamily  Papilionaceae

Bladder Senna

Latin name  Colutea arborescensForest layer  ShrubNitrogen fixer  Source  https://www.chilternseeds.co.ukPerennial  Flowers  June, July, AugustCommon name  Bladder SennaColour  Yellow/OrangeDate  July 08, 2013Family  Leguminosae/FabaceaeDetails  Easily grown shrub with bright yellow flowers produced throughout the summer, followed by large, inflated seed pods.

Quince - Orokonui

Details  Small, yellow skin. Tree semi - Vigorous.Common name  Quince - OrokonuiLatin name  Cydonia oblongaFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  4.0Edible  Date  August 06, 2013Soil type  MoistSource  Sutherlands

Gunnera

Latin name  Gunnera manicataFamily  HaloragidaceaeSource  https://www.chilternseeds.co.ukPerennial  Common name  GunneraColour  Red/MaroonDetails  With little doubt, this must be the most majestic herbaceous plant hardy in the British Isles - like a giant Rhubarb, the leaves can grow to over 6 ft. across and be supported on stout, prickly stalks up to 8 ft. long. Although the individual reddish flowers are minute, they are borne in their countless thousands in club-shaped spikes, which can themselves be 6 ft. or so tall. They are particularly happy in moist ground. Labour-saving - half a dozen of these in your garden and you wouldn't have to lift a finger for most of the year! Hardy throughout the British Isles. 10 ft.Date  July 02, 2013

Latin name  Callicarpa bodinieri var. giraldiiForest layer  ShrubSource  https://www.chilternseeds.co.ukPerennial  Flowers  June, July, AugustDate  July 06, 2013Colour  Purple/LavenderFamily  VerbenaceaeDetails  One of the finest of ornamental berry plants is this neat, medium-sized shrub from China. With long, narrow leaves that turn deep rose-purple in autumn, it bears in summer clusters of numerous small, lilac flowers. These are followed by the berries - a mass of small coloured beads in shades of lilac, violet and rich purple that persist way into winter. Hardy throughout the British Isles.

Wildflowers of the British Isles

Latin name  Wild Flower 5 - Cornfield Special MixturePerennial  Source  https://www.chilternseeds.co.ukForest layer  MixedCommon name  Wildflowers of the British IslesDate  July 04, 2013Details  Contains annual wild flowers that are now rare or declining in the wild, this is a delightful Special Cornfield Mixture, containing such lovely items as Cornflower, Night-flowering Catchfly, Corn Cockle and, no cornfield would be complete without it, the Common Poppy! It is intended to be used to cover just a small patch in an average English garden. General comment: Germination of any wild flower is often slow and unpredictable and, due to the losses that can be expected from direct outdoor sowings, the best way of achieving a "naturalised" area is to sow individual pots of wild flowers with some suitable protection. After germination and hardening off, the young plants can then be planted in their final positions where they are to flower where they will then hopefully naturalise themselves and encourage other wildlife.
White Alyssum

White Alyssum

Latin name  Lobularia maritima benthamiiSource  http://www.kingsseeds.co.nzCommon name  White AlyssumDate  July 09, 2013

Marlborough weeping broom

Nitrogen fixer  Latin name  Chordospartium stevensoniiSource  AppletonsHeight (m)  4.0Date  August 04, 2013Common name  Marlborough weeping broomForest layer  ShrubDetails  Eastern Marlborough high on Seaward Kaikoura Range. Tall shrub with upright branches, topped by a canopy of weeping grey leafless branchlets. In December large hanging clusters of 10mm mauve flowers. Fixes nitrogen.

Pink tree broom

Nitrogen fixer  Latin name  Notospartium glabrescensSource  AppletonsHeight (m)  4.0Date  August 10, 2013Common name  Pink tree broomForest layer  ShrubDetails  Broadly spreading, evergreen. Leafless pendulous dark green flattened stems. Attractive pink flowers around Christmas. Loved by small native bees. Small seed pods quickly form. Tolerates dry windy conditions. Fixes nitrogen.
Chilean guava, NZ cranberry, strawberry myrtle

Chilean guava, NZ cranberry, strawberry myrtle

Details  Upright abundantly branched evergreen shrub. 2-3cm glossy dark green leaves, flowers pinkish-white. Fruits dark purple then blue-black, juicy, fragrant, good flavourCommon name  Chilean guava, NZ cranberry, strawberry myrtleLatin name  Myrtus ugni / Ugni molinaeFamily  MyrtaceaeHeight (m)  1.7Forest layer  shrubEdible  Fruit / berries  Date  August 09, 2013Wind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  Well drained, MoistFlowers  pink, whiteSource  Appletons

Chinese Julian hackberry

Latin name  Celtis sinensisJugulone tolerance  Source  AppletonsShade / Sun  Full sunHeight (m)  23.0Date  August 02, 2013Common name  Chinese Julian hackberryDetails  Broadly columnar, deciduous. Branch ends tend to droop. Prefers fertile soil. Used in street plantings. Related to Ulmus, the elm family - the leaves are similar. Fruit are rounded berry-like orange-red to purple and edible. Rare in NZ. Juglone TolerantForest layer  Large treeFamily  Ulmaceae

California mountain mahogany

Nitrogen fixer  Latin name  Cercocarpus betuloidesSource  AppletonsShade / Sun  Full sunHeight (m)  4.0Date  August 03, 2013Common name  California mountain mahoganyDetails  Broadly spreading deciduous shrub or small tree. Birch-like leaves, creamy white flowers in spring, followed by seeds with long curly feathery tails. Seed from Central Otago, coping with weather extremes. Fixes nitrogen on its roots.Forest layer  ShrubFamily  Rosaceae
Parsnip

Parsnip

Details  Parsnips are grown for their fleshy, edible cream-colored taproots.Common name  ParsnipLatin name  Pastinaca sativaVariety  Hollow crown?Family  ApiaceaeForest layer  rhizosphereSeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Propigation method  Sow direct
Plantain

Plantain

Details  A deep rooted pasture herb
(Sowing Rates: Mixed: 500 grams to 1.5 kgs per ha)
Common name  PlantainLatin name  Plantago majorVariety  EnduranceFamily  PlantaginaceaeForest layer  herbaceousDate  August 08, 2013Propigation method  Sow directSource  http://www.specseed.co.nz/pastureherbs.asp#plantain
Demand white clover

Demand white clover

Details  Dense stoloniferous and persistence clover type with good winter hardiness and improved winter, spring production. Small- Medium LeafedCommon name  White CloverLatin name  Trifolium repensVariety  DemandFamily  FabaceaeForest layer  ground coverNitrogen fixer  Date  August 08, 2013Propigation method  Sow directColour  WhiteSource  http://www.specseed.co.nz/
Icon "Semi Winter Active" Lucerne

Icon "Semi Winter Active" Lucerne

Common name  Icon LucerneLatin name  Medicago sativaVariety  IconFamily  FabaceaeForest layer  ground coverEvergreen  Nitrogen fixer  Date  August 08, 2013Propigation method  Sow directSource  http://www.specseed.co.nz
Oranges

Oranges

Details  Somehow we are able to grow oranges out doors without cover. There is good wind protection in place and I have been mulching and fertilising regularly with seaweed and pig manure. The tree looks a lot better and the fruit has improved dramatically as a result.Evergreen  Edible  Flowers  Frost sensitive  Fruit / berries  Height (m)  1Forest layer  shrubTags    orange  citrus 
Data best viewed on a wide screen device
Common NameBotanicalDrought toleranceEdibleEvergreenForest layerFrost sensitiveFruit / berriesJugulone toleranceNitrogen fixerPerennialPropigation methodSeeds / nuts / tubers
Pyrus x bretschneideriPyrus bretschneideriyesyesnocanopynoyesnononono
OliveOlea europaeayesyesyeslow-treenoyesnononono
NashiPyrus pyrifolianoyesnolow-treenononononono
European hazelnutCorylus avellananononolow-treenonoyesnonosow pot / trayyes
FeijoaAcca sellowianayesyesyesshrubnoyesnonoyesgraftno
SunflowerHelianthus annuusnoyesnoverticalnononononosow directyes
BabacoCarica x heilborniinoyesnolow-treeyesyesnonoyescuttingno
ArtichokeCynara cardunculus var. scolymusnoyesnoherbaceousnonononoyessow directno
FennelFoeniculum vulgarenoyesnoherbaceousnonononoyessow directyes
ComfreySymphytum officinalenononorhizospherenonononoyesdivisionno
Peruvian PepperSchinus mollenoyesyeslow-treenonononoyessow pot / trayyes
Japanese ChinquapinCastanopsis cuspidatanoyesyescanopynonononoyesyes
KiwifruitActinidia deliciosanoyesnoverticalyesyesnonoyesno
Blood Navel OrangeCitrus sinensisnoyesyeslow-treeyesyesnononono
Earth GemsUllucoyesyesnorhizosphereyesnononoyestubersyes
Blue Sausage FruitDecaisnea fargesiinoyesnononononoyesno
June Berry, Western Service Berry, SaskatoonAmelanchier alnifolianoyesnoshrubnoyesnonoyesno
Elaeagnus pungensElaeagnus pungensyesyesyesshrubnoyesnoyesyesno
Elaeagnus x ebbingeiElaeagnus x ebbingeiyesyesyesshrubnoyesnoyesyesno
Arbutus unedoArbutus unedonoyesyeslow-treenoyesnonoyesno
Elaeagnus multifloraElaeagnus multiflorayesyesnolow-treenoyesyesyesyessow pot / trayno
KakabeakClianthusnonoyesshrubyesnonoyesyessow pot / trayno
Turkey Tail MushroomTrametes versicolornoyesnonononononono
PecanCarya illinoinensisnoyesnocanopynonononoyesyes
Judas TreeCercis siliquastrumyesnonolow-treenononoyesyessow pot / trayyes
Chinese licoriceGlycyrrhiza uralensisnoyesnorhizospherenononoyesyesyes
Jerusalem ArtichokeHelianthus tuberosusnoyesnorhizospherenonononoyestubersyes
Maximillian SunflowerHelianthus maximilianiinononoherbaceousnonononoyessow pot / trayyes
Butterfly weedAsclepias tuberosanononoherbaceousnonononoyessow pot / trayno
Creeping RaspberryRubus hayata-koidzumiiyesyesyesground covernoyesnonoyesdivisionno
Alpine StrawberryFragaria vesca 'Semperflorens'noyesyesground covernoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Male BambooDendrocalamus strictusyesyesnorhizospherenonononoyesdivisionno
Moso / Chinese timber BambooPhyllostachys edulisnoyesnoverticalnonononoyesdivisionno
Chinese hawCrataegus pinnatifidanoyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyesno
Chinese dogwoodCornus kousa chinensisnoyesnonononononono
ElderberrySambucus nigranoyesnolow-treenoyesnononono
Empress treePaulownia tomentosanononocanopynonononoyessow pot / trayno
RhubarbRheum rhabarbarumnoyesnoherbaceousnonononoyesdivisionno
Chinese water chestnutsEleocharis dulcisnoyesnorhizosphereyesnononoyestubersyes
Vietnamese corianderPersicaria odoratanoyesyesherbaceousyesnononoyesno
Pineapple sageSalvia elegansnoyesnoshrubyesnononoyescuttingno
Small Leaved Lime, Littleleaf lindenTilia cordatanoyesnocanopynonononoyesno
Evergreen laburnumPiptanthus nepalensisnonoyesshrubnononoyesyesno
Golden Rain TreeKoelreuteria paniculatanoyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Chinese Yellow WoodMaackia Amurensisnononolow-treenononoyesnono
Silk treeAlbizia julibrissin roseayesnonolow-treenononoyesnosow pot / trayyes
Tree Lucerne, TagasasteChamaecytisus Palmensisyesnoyeslow-treeyesnonoyesyessow pot / trayyes
Goji berryLycium barbarumnoyesnoshrubnoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
TeaselDipsacus fullonumnononoherbaceousnononononosow directno
Chaenomeles japonicaChaenomeles japonicanoyesnoshrubnoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
New Jersey TeaCeanothus americanusnononoherbaceousnononoyesyessow pot / trayno
LiquoriceGlycyrrhiza glabranoyesnoherbaceousnononoyesyessow pot / trayno
Red cherry / strawberry guavaPsidium cattleianumnoyesyesshrubnoyesnonoyesno
Black ChokeberryAronia melanocarpanoyesnoshrubnoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
FigFicus caricayesyesnolow-treenoyesnononono
Japanese Raisin TreeHovenia dulcisnoyesnolow-treenonononoyesno
Asimina trilobaAsimina trilobanoyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Sea berryHippophae rhamnoidesyesyesnolow-treenoyesnoyesyessow pot / trayno
Green TeaCamellia Sinensisnonoyesshrubnonononoyesno
Crimson cloverTrifolium incarnatumnononoherbaceousnononoyesnosow directno
Senna multiglandulosaSenna multiglandulosanonoyeslow-treeyesnonoyesyessow pot / trayyes
PhaceliaPhacelia tanacetifolianononoherbaceousnononononosow directno
Coprosmayesyesyesshrubnoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Siberian Pea ShrubCaragana arborescensyesyesyesshrubnononoyesyessow pot / trayyes
Asiatic sweetleaf/Sapphire berrySymplocos paniculatanoyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyesno
FoamflowerTiarella cordifolianonoyesground covernonononoyesno
Yellow LoosestrifeLysimachia vulgarisnononoherbaceousnonononoyesno
AjugaAjuga reptansnonoyesground covernonononoyesno
Cape broomGenista monspessulanayesnoyesshrubnononoyesyessow directyes
Good king henryChenopodium bonus-henricusnoyesyesherbaceousnonononoyesdivisionno
Italian Stone pinePinus Pineayesyesyesnononononoyes
WalnutJuglans regianononocanopynononononosow pot / trayyes
PearPyrus communisnoyesnolow-treenoyesnononograftno
PlumPrunus domesticanoyesnolow-treenononononono
BlueberryVaccinium corymbosumnoyesyesshrubnoyesnonoyescuttingno
Black MulberryMorus nigranoyesnolow-treenoyesnononono
ArizonicaCupressus arizonicanonoyescanopynonononoyesyes
Black locustRobinia pseudoacaciayesnonocanopynononoyesnosow pot / trayyes
AkeakeDodonea viscosayesnoyeslow-treenononononono
PeachPrunus persicanoyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Sweet CherryPrunus aviumnoyesnocanopynoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
KowhaiSophora tetrapterayesnoyescanopynononoyesnosow pot / trayno
Chinese PersimmonDiospyros kakinoyesnononononoyesno
AsparagusAsparagus officinalisnoyesnoherbaceousyesnonononodivisionno
Purple Coral Pea ShrubHardenbergia violaceayesnoyesverticalnononoyesyescuttingno
ApricotPrunus armeniacanoyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyesgraftno
Blue lupinLupinus angustifoliusnononoherbaceousnononoyesnosow directno
Sweet ChestnutCastanea Sativa/Crenatanoyesnocanopynononononograftyes
Mountain Paw PawCarica pubescensnoyesnolow-treenononononono
Osage OrangeMaclura pomiferanononocanopynononononosow pot / trayno
GrapeVitis viniferayesyesnoverticalnoyesnonoyescuttingno
New Zealand FlaxPhormium tenaxnonoyesshrubnononononodivisionno
Cabbage TreeCordyline australisnononolow-treenononononono
AppleMalus domesticanoyesnolow-treenoyesnononograftno
AlmondPrunus dulcisnoyesnolow-treenononononograftyes
Cornelian CherryCornus masnoyesnonoyesnonoyesno
Hardy kiwi, Tara VineActinidia argutanoyesnoverticalnoyesnonoyesno
Earthnut PeaLathyrus tuberosusnoyesnoground covernononoyesyessow pot / trayyes
LiquoriceGlycyrrhiza glabranoyesnorhizospherenononoyesyessow pot / trayyes
Black tomatoSolanum lycopersicumnoyesnoherbaceousyesyesnononosow directno
spring vetchling or spring peaLathyrus vernusnononoherbaceousnononoyesyessow pot / trayno
Oleaster, Russian OliveElaeagnus angustifolianoyesnolow-treenoyesnoyesyessow pot / trayno
Thai GingerGalangalnoyesnorhizosphereyesnononoyesdivisionno
Loquat, Japanese MedlarEriobotrya japonicanoyesyeslow-treenoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
CarobCeratonia siliquanonoyescanopynononoyesyessow pot / trayyes
American cranberry bushViburnum trilobumnononoshrubnoyesyesnonono
Radium WeedEuphorbia peplusnononoherbaceousnononononono
Silver wattleAcacia Dealbatayesnoyesnononoyesnono
Chinese sweet boxSarcococca confusanonoyesnononononono
Japanese white birchBetula platyphylla v japonicanonononononononono
Broad-leaved hickoryAcacia falciformisnonoyesnononononono
Golden rain treeKoelreuteria paniculatanonononononononono
Kobus magnoliaMagnolia kobusnonononononononono
NZ Bronze FlaxPhormium purpureumnonoyesshrubnononononono
Flowering ashFraxinus ornusyesnononononononono
Hybrid witch hazelHamamelis x intermedianononoshrubnononononono
Green flowered helleboreHelleborus x sterniinononoground covernononononono
Fraqgrant epaulette treePterostyrax hispidanonononononononono
South African tree heathErica canaliculatanononoshrubnononononono
Winter SweetChimonanthus praecoxnonononononononono
Photinia reb robinPhotinia x fraserinonoyeslow-treenononononono
Shining gumEucalyptus nitensnonoyesnononononono
NZ Toothed LancewoodPseudopanax feroxnonoyescanopynononononono
Italian AlderAlnus Cordatayesnonocanopynononoyesnono
Shantung MapleAcer Truncatumnononocanopynononononono
Red AlderAlnus Rubranononocanopynononoyesnono
Shagbark hickoryCarya Ovatanoyesnocanopynononononoyes
Himalayan cedarCedrus Deodarayesnoyescanopynononononono
Fullmoon mapleAcer Japonicumnononocanopynononononono
Japanese mapleAcer Palmatumyesnonocanopynononononono
Sugar mapleAcer Saccharumnononocanopynononononono
ButternutJuglans cinereanoyesnocanopynononononoyes
Pear - Red BartlettPyrusnoyesnolow-treenoyesnononono
Chinese wisteriaWisteria sinensisnonononononoyesyesno
Ramanas Rose, Apple RoseRosa rugosanononoshrub, hedgingnonononoyesno
Sweet Bay Tree, Bay Laurel, Bay LeafLaurus nobilisnononotree, shrub, hedgingnonononoyesno
TEXAS LILACVITEX AGNUS CASTUSnononotreenonononoyesno
Red Kidney VetchANTHYLLIS VULNERARIA COCCINEAnononoground covernonononoyesno
Bladder SennaColutea arborescensnononoshrubnononoyesyesno
Quince - OrokonuiCydonia oblonganoyesnonononononono
GunneraGunnera manicatanononononononoyesno
Callicarpa bodinieri var. giraldiinononoshrubnonononoyesno
Wildflowers of the British IslesWild Flower 5 - Cornfield Special Mixturenononomixednonononoyesno
White AlyssumLobularia maritima benthamiinonononononononono
Marlborough weeping broomChordospartium stevensoniinononoshrubnononoyesnono
Pink tree broomNotospartium glabrescensnononoshrubnononoyesnono
Chilean guava, NZ cranberry, strawberry myrtleMyrtus ugni / Ugni molinaenoyesnoshrubnoyesnononono
Chinese Julian hackberryCeltis sinensisnononolarge treenonoyesnonono
California mountain mahoganyCercocarpus betuloidesnononoshrubnononoyesnono
ParsnipPastinaca sativanoyesnorhizospherenononononosow directyes
PlantainPlantago majornononoherbaceousnononononosow directno
Demand white cloverTrifolium repensnononoground covernononoyesnosow directno
Icon "Semi Winter Active" LucerneMedicago sativanonoyesground covernononoyesnosow directno
Orangesnoyesyesshrubyesyesnononono