Rootstock compatibility for different types of tree

Make sure you are using the correct roots or host tree for your scions or you will be wasting your time

Rootstock Scion
Almond Almond, Peach, Nectarine, Asian Plum, Apricot (prefers own apricot rootstock), European Plum (many varieties incompatible), Ume, Plumcot


a range of heights from 3 - 10 meters

Apple, Medlar, Quince, European Pear
Apricot Apricot, Plumcot, Ume, European Plum (most varieties incompatible), Peach (short-lived), Nectarine (short-lived), Asian Plum
Asian Pear Nashi (Asian pear), Asian pear hybrids, European pear (fruit quality affected, some partial or delayed incompatibility)
Cherry Sweet Cherry, Sour Cherry
Cherry Plum / Asian Plum
Asian Plum, European Plum (some varieties incompatible), Plumcot, Ume

European Pear

can grow to heights of 13 meters

European Pear, Northern Spy Apple only, Hawthorn (various species), Medlar (imperfectly compatible), Nashi (Asian pear)
Peach Peach, Nectarine, European Plum (short-lived, many varieties incompatible), Almond, Ume, Apricot (prefers own apricot rootstock), Plumcot, Asian Plum


used to grow dwarf pears at around 4 meters

Quince, Loquat (dwarfing), Pear

Incompatible pear cultivars, requires an interstock of compatible pear

  • Bartlett
  • Bosc
  • Seckel
  • Winter Nelis
  • Eldorado
  • Clapp's Favorite
  • Forelle
  • Farmingdale

Compatible pear cultivars

  • Beurre Hardy - I have had good success with this
  • Anjou
  • Comice
  • Old Home
  • Packham's Triumph
  • Gorham
  • Flemish Beauty
  • Maxine





Quince root stock for grafting dwarf pear and loquat

Quince root stock for grafting dwarf pear and loquat

Botanical name  Cydonia oblonga
Details  Quinces are used as a root stock for producing dwarf pears, loquat and other quinces.

Root stocks can be created from root suckers, stool bed or seeds from overripe fruit planted in late autumn.
Flowers  White
Fruit / berries  
Tags    graft  dwarf  fruit tree  pear 
Benefits  The primary benefits are smaller trees that fruit sooner
Negatives  Many cultivars of pear are not directly compatible with quince and require double grafting with a compatible interstock
Pears grafted on quince have shorter lifespan than on seedling grown root stocks
Quince trees are prone to suckering, sending up growth from around the base of the tree and near damaged roots. These can be used as rootstocks.
Grafting After Care

Grafting After Care

In the weeks and months after completing the graft it is important to check back and follow up with basic care to ensure the graft stays healthy and has the best chance for success.
  • It is usually obvious after a couple of weeks if the graft has failed as it will have dried and shrunken. If the wood looks alive and the buds are full or opening then there is a good chance your graft will take.
  • Remove active growth and buds from below the graft point as this will take energy required by the healing graft.
  • If any of the buds on the freshly grafted wood are blossoms then these should be removed. Just pinch them off carefully with fingernails or clip with secateurs. This allows the branch to focus on healing the union and prevents any breakage caused by heavy fruit. This may be necessary on the following year also, depending on the style and state of the graft.
  • When the graft is part of a larger tree consider periodic pruning or bending down of old wood to encourage development of grafted part(s)
  • After several months check grafting tape / bindings are not strangling / girdling the healing graft. Some tapes are biodegradable and will split or peel after exposure to summer sun, others require manual splitting with a sharp blade to release the pressure.
  • Excessive sun and wind exposure can dessicate or dislodge grafts. If your rootstock is in a pot keep it in a sheltered location until the union is solid. A high humidity environment is ideal.