Copses, stream banks, roadsides, rough pasture etc, especially on clay soils.
Europe, including Britain, from Norway south and east to N. Africa and W. Asia.
Dipsacus fullonum is a BIENNIAL/PERENNIAL growing to 1.8 m (6ft). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, self.The plant is self-fertile. It is noted for attracting wildlife.
USDA hardiness zone : 4-8
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.
Teasel is little used in modern herbalism, and its therapeutic effects are disputed. Traditionally it has been used to treat conditions such as warts, fistulae (abnormal passages opening through the skin) and cancerous sores. The root is diaphoretic, diuretic and stomachic. An infusion is said to strengthen the stomach, create an appetite, remove obstructions of the liver and treat jaundice[4, 254]. The root is harvested in early autumn and dried for later use. An infusion of the leaves has been used as a wash to treat acne. The plant has a folk history of use in the treatment of cancer, an ointment made from the roots is used to treat warts, wens and whitlows[4, 218]. A homeopathic remedy is made from the flowering plant. It is used in the treatment of skin diseases.
A blue dye obtained from the dried plant is an indigo substitute. It is water soluble. A yellow is obtained when the plant is mixed with alum.
Succeeds in most soils but prefers clay. Prefers a deep rich soil. Requires a sunny position. A good butterfly plant. This is the true wild species of teasel, its bracts are too flexible to be used for combing cloth. The flowering heads are much prized by flower arrangers because they keep their colour almost indefinitely when dried.
Seed - best sown in early spring in situ. The seed can also be sown from February to May or from August to October. All but the earlier sowings can be made outdoors.
Details Fast growing tall flowering plant that needs no care or attention. Values include: wind break, shade plant, water holding plant, soil improvement / stabilisation, biomass production, insect habitat, food source for birds, ornamental