Fodder trees

A quick list of some of the most suitable animal fodder trees for Canterbury

Botaniclal Common Evergreen Edible N Fixer Propagation Notes
Acer Maple   Leaves      
Quercus Oak   Nuts   Seed  
Castanea Sweet chestnut   Nuts   Seed  
Chamaecytisus proliferus Tagasaste Y Leaves Y Seed  
Acacia Wattle Y Leaves Y Seed Black Wattle Is effective along with the Weeping Willow as a bloat control medicine
Salix Willow   Leaves   Poles  
Populus Poplar   Leaves   Poles  
Gleditsia triacanthos Honey locust   Seed pods Y Seed  
Malus Apple   Fruit   Seed  
Pyrus Pear   Fruit   Seed  
Cydonia oblonga Quince   Fruit   Seed  
Alnus Alder     Y Seed  
Coprosma robusta Karamu Y Leaves   Seed  

 tags

trees  animals 

Related

Coprosma

Coprosma

Details  A genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It is found in New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Borneo, Java, New Guinea, islands of the Pacific Ocean to Australia and the Juan Fernández Islands.

The name Coprosma means "smelling like dung" and refers to the smell (methanethiol) given out by the crushed leaves of a few species.

Many species are small shrubs with tiny evergreen leaves, but a few are small trees and have much larger leaves. The flowers have insignificant petals and are wind-pollinated, with long anthers and stigmas. Natural hybrids are common. The fruit is a non-poisonous juicy berry, most often bright orange (but can be dark red or even light blue), containing two small seeds. The orange fruit of the larger species were eaten by Māori children, and are also popular with birds. It is said that coffee can be made from the seeds, Coprosma being related to the coffee plants. A notable feature (also found in other genera of Rubiaceae) is that the leaves contain hollows in the axils of the veins; in these, and on the leaf stipules, nitrogen-fixing bacteria grow. In addition the hollows, or domatia, encourage certain kinds of mites to take up residence, which feed on and reduce parasitic fungi which attack the leaf.

Recommended as chicken forrage by Bill Mollison
Height (m)  0.5 - 3
Evergreen  
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Drought tolerance  
Wind tolerance  High
Shade / Sun  Sun
Soil type  Most
Tree Lucerne, Tagasaste

Tree Lucerne, Tagasaste

Details  A wide spreading, tall, deciduous shrub. Vigorous growth, leaves and white flowers in spring eaten by native pigeons (krereru). Foliage can be cut for grazing stock in droughts and for use as mulch material. Fixes nitrogen. Can be killed by severe frosts.
Common name  Tree Lucerne, Tagasaste
Botanical name  Chamaecytisus Palmensis
Family  Fabaceae
Height (m)  4
Diameter  3.00
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Evergreen  
Frost sensitive  
Perennial  
Nitrogen fixer  
Drought tolerance  
Date  July 04, 2012
Wind tolerance  High
Shade / Sun  Full sun - part shade
Soil type  Most
Flowers  White
Rating  
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Apple

Apple

Botanical name  Malus domestica
Family  Rosaceae
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Shade / Sun  Full sun - part shade
Rating  
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Acacia

Common name  wattle, mimosa
Family  Fabaceae
Details  A large genus of fast growing, evergreen, nitrogen fixing plants ranging in size from shrubs to canopy trees.
Main uses include firewood, timber, shelter and support
Flowers  Yellow
Evergreen  
Nitrogen fixer  
Perennial