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9X6C

Plant species in the blockhill forest garden

Over the years we have introduced a large number of useful and practical plant species. Much of the information relating to these plants was obtained from pfaf.org


Chinese haw

Chinese haw

Common name   Chinese haw
Botanical name   Crataegus pinnatifida
Family   Rosaceae
Details   Broadly spreading, deciduous. Thorns not numerous. Leaves glossy and yellow in the autumn. Grown widely in China for its edible red fruits.
Date   August 07, 2013
Diameter   1.00
Height (m)   5.0
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Semi shade, Full sun
Soil type   Moist, Wet
Fennel Seeds

Fennel Seeds

Botanical name   Foeniculum vulgare
Details   Super easy to grow requiring no care or attention. Grown as part of our food forest conversion process for transitioning from grass.
  • Produces a lot of biomass in a season.
  • Deep root system for soil stabilisation and building via organic mater injection.
  • Flowers loved by beneficial insects.
  • Seeds harden in autumn and can be used for tea or left to feed the birds and self seed.
Edible  
Perennial  
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Tags     edible  herb  perennial 
Price   $3.90  20 seeds
Watch Learn More Only 4 in stock   Order
Foxglove Seeds

Foxglove Seeds

Botanical name   Digitalis purpurea
Details   Foxglove, scientifically known as Digitalis, is a striking and charming biennial or perennial flowering plant renowned for its tall spires of tubular, bell-shaped flowers. These flowers come in a range of colors, including purple, pink, white, and occasionally yellow, adding a touch of elegance to gardens and natural landscapes.

Notably, foxglove is a favorite among gardeners and pollinators alike.

The plant is characterized by its rich green, lance-shaped leaves and can reach heights of 2 to 5 feet (60-150 cm). However, its exquisite beauty conceals its toxic nature, as all parts of the foxglove plant contain compounds known as cardiac glycosides, which can be highly toxic if ingested. While its toxic properties make it unsuitable for consumption, foxglove has been historically used in traditional medicine for its potential cardiovascular effects, though its use in modern medicine is carefully controlled and regulated.

Whether for its aesthetic appeal in gardens or its historical significance in medicine, the foxglove plant remains a captivating and enigmatic botanical specimen.
Tags     annual  flowers  pink 
Price   $3.90  100 seeds
Family   Plantaginaceae

Tree Mallow

Common name   Lavatera arborea, Malva dendromorpha, bush mallow, Cornish tree mallow, lavatera, and velvet tree mallow
Botanical name   Malva arborea
Family   Malvaceae
Details   This robust biennial herb typically grows erect, featuring a solitary stem. Initially covered in fine hair during its youth, the stem matures to a hairless, woody texture at its base. Its large leaves, measuring up to 20cm in width, boast 5-7 lobes and a velvety texture.

The striking deep pink flowers, adorned with purple veins, bloom in clusters at the apex and along the upper segments of the stem, typically from August to May.

After flowering, the plant produces fruit capsules containing 6-8 seeds each, contributing to its propagation.

Native to regions encompassing North-western Africa such as northern Algeria and Tunisia, as well as the Azores, the Madeira Islands, the Canary Islands, and western and southern Europe, Tree mallow thrives in diverse climates.
Diameter   1.00
Height (m)   1-3 meters
Flowers   Pink
Drought tolerance  
Evergreen  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Most
MacVerna Plum

MacVerna Plum

Botanical name   Prunus domestica
Details   'Mac Verna' is an early-season plum variety, characterized by medium to large-sized fruit with dark red skin and flesh. The fruit typically has a round shape and exhibits vigorous growth. For optimal yeild, it is recommended to cross-pollinate with 'Billington' or 'Wilson’s Early' varieties.
Diameter   1.00
Flowers   White
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Tags     plum  fruit 
Rating  
Luisa Plum

Luisa Plum

Botanical name   Prunus domestica
Details   This plum variety boasts large, red-yellow skinned fruit with a vibrant yellow flesh and a unique dimple on its cheek, taking on an elongated heart-shaped form. Notably sweet and juicy, it offers an exceptional taste experience. The tree yields heavily, exhibiting precocious and consistent cropping year after year.
It is self-fertile, though cross-pollination with 'Billington' can enhance fruit set.
The plum is nearly freestone, making it easier to enjoy.

Typically ripe for harvesting in January or February.
Diameter   1.00
Flowers   White
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Tags     plum  fruit 
Shiro Plum

Shiro Plum

Botanical name   Prunus domestica
Details   A Japanese variety, this tree produces medium sized golden yellow fruit with dense sweet and juicy flesh that clings to the stone.
Early to mid season
Supposedly best pollinated by Santa Rosa although I have been getting good yields despite not having Santa Rosa
Flowers   White
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Tags     plum  fruit 
Rating  
Sunflower Seeds

Sunflower Seeds

Botanical name   Helianthus annuus
Details   This easy to grow plant will produce a single large yellow flower 1 to 2 meters above the ground.
  • Plant climbing beans amongst the sunflowers when they are a meter high, the beans will climb the stem
  • The seeds ripen in April and can be fed directly to chickens or left for birds
  • Can get blown over by strong wind
Edible  
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Tags     annual  edible  flowers  tender  yellow 
Price   $3.90  20 seeds
Colour   Yellow
Watch Learn More Out of stock
Globe Artichoke

Globe Artichoke

Botanical name   Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
Details   The globe artichoke is a variety of a species of large thistle cultivated as a food. The edible matter is buds that form within the flower heads before the flowers come into bloom.
Edible  
Perennial  
Tags     perennial  shrub  vegetable 
Price   $3.90  20 seeds
Watch Out of stock
Empress tree

Empress tree

Common name   empress tree, princess tree, foxglove tree, or kiri
Botanical name   Paulownia tomentosa
Family   Scrophulariaceae
Details   This truly spectacular tree produces large, pale mauve "foxglove" flowers on naked branches in early spring, the large, dinner-plate-sized, soft furry leaves appearing later. If cut to the ground in spring, enormous leaves develop on the shoots sprouting from the soil.
Date   July 23, 2013
Diameter   1.00
Height (m)   3.0
Perennial  
Oak Leaved Papaya

Oak Leaved Papaya

Details   This subtropical tree produces hundreds of small fruit and is supposedly hardy down to -5C

Requires good drainage and protection from wind

Can be grown from seed or cuttings
Diameter   1.00
Height (m)   5
Babaco

Babaco

Common name   Babaco, Mountain Papaya, Champagne Fruit
Botanical name   Carica x heilbornii
Details   Produces large, yellow fruit pentagonal in cross-section - Self fertile.
Easily propagated from stem cuttings.
Variety   Pentagona
Diameter   1.00
Height (m)   2
Flowers   Small white
Edible  
Evergreen  
Frost sensitive  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Rich, free draining
Wind tolerance   Low (large leaves)
Tags     exotic  sub-tropical  fruit 
Rating  
Teasel

Teasel

Common name   Teasel, Fuller's teasel
Botanical name   Dipsacus fullonum
Family   Dipsacaceae
Diameter   1.00
Height (m)   1.8
Carbon Equivalent   1.00
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Most
Wind tolerance   Moderate
Elaeagnus multiflora

Elaeagnus multiflora

Common name   Goumi, Cherry silverberry
Botanical name   Elaeagnus multiflora
Family   Elaeagnaceae
Details   All round great plant for most locations and food forest installations
Diameter   2.00
Height (m)   3
Drought tolerance  
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Jugulone tolerance  
Nitrogen fixer  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full to part sun
Soil type   Most
Acacia suaveolens

Acacia suaveolens

Common name   sweet wattle
Family   Fabaceae
Details   Smooth purplish-brown or light green bark
Height (m)   0.3 - 3.5m
Flowers   Pale yellow
Nitrogen fixer  
American cranberry bush

American cranberry bush

Common name   American cranberry bush
Botanical name   Viburnum trilobum
Family   Adoxaceae
Details   N. America. Broadly columnar, deciduous. White flowers in spring - scarlet edible fruits in autumn. Leaves red in autumn. Prefers moist and wet sites.

Fruit - raw or cooked. Juicy but acid. The fruits are rich in vitamin C, and about 8mm in diameter, containing a single large seed.
Date   August 12, 2013
Diameter   1.00
Height (m)   3.0
Flowers   White
Fruit / berries  
Jugulone tolerance  
Shade / Sun   Semi shade, Full sun
Soil type   Moist
Senna multiglandulosa

Senna multiglandulosa

Common name   Cassia, glandular senna, downy senna, buttercup bush
Botanical name   Senna multiglandulosa
Family   Fabaceae
Details   Senna multiglandulosa is a species of flowering plant in the legume family known by several common names, including glandular senna, downy senna, and buttercup bush.

It is native to Mexico, Guatemala, and western parts of South America, but it is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant and in some areas of the world has become naturalized in the wild. In some places it is considered a weed, for example, in New Zealand and New South Wales.

This is a hairy or woolly shrub which can grow to six meters in height, becoming treelike. The leaves are each made up of several pairs of thick, hairy, oval-shaped leaflets each measuring up to about 4 centimeters long. The leaves are studded with visible resin glands between the leaflets. The inflorescence is a raceme of several flowers, each with five golden yellow petals measuring 1 to 2 centimeters long. The flower has seven fertile stamens with large anthers and three sterile staminodes. The fruit is a legume pod, flattened or inflated and coated in hairs, reaching up to 12 centimeters long and filled with beanlike seeds.
Diameter   1.00
Height (m)   4
Flowers   Yellow
Evergreen  
Frost sensitive  
Nitrogen fixer  
Perennial  
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Radium Weed

Radium Weed

Botanical name   Euphorbia peplus
Family   Euphorbiaceae
Details   Also know as petty spurge, cancer weed, or milkweed. Native to most of Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia, where it typically grows in cultivated arable land, gardens, and other disturbed land.
Diameter   1.00
Purple toadflax

Purple toadflax

Botanical name   Linaria purpurea
Family   Plantaginaceae
Details   Native to Italy. Naturalised in many locations, spreading readily on stony waste ground. Long-lasting flowers which are very attractive to bees.
Diameter   1.00
Height (m)   0.3 - 0.7m
Flowers   Purple
Perennial  
Apple Rose

Apple Rose

Common name   Ramanas Rose, Apple Rose
Botanical name   Rosa rugosa
Family   Rosaceae
Details   A vigorous, perpetual-flowering shrub rose with single, wonderfully fragrant flowers, followed by orange-red, fruits high in vitamin C. Useful for hedges. Thorns straight, not hooked.
Date   July 17, 2013
Diameter   2.00
Height (m)   2
Flowers   June, July, August, September
Edible  
Evergreen  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Black Chokeberry

Black Chokeberry

Common name   Black Chokeberry, Black Berried Aronia
Botanical name   Aronia melanocarpa
Family   Rosaceae
Details   Aronia is a genus of deciduous shrubs, the chokeberries, in the family Rosaceae, native to eastern North America and most commonly found in wet woods and swamps.
Diameter   3.00
Height (m)   2.5
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
False Indigo

False Indigo

Common name   desert false indigo, false indigo-bush, and bastard indigobush
Botanical name   Amorpha fruticosa
Family   Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Details   Found wild in most of the contiguous United States, southeastern Canada, and northern Mexico and introduced to Europe. Asia and other continents. It is often cultivated as an ornamental plant. It has minor edible use and some additional uses including: Bedding; Dye; Insecticide; Oil; Repellent; Shelterbelt; and Soil stabilization.
Diameter   1.00
Height (m)   5-6
Flowers   Purple
Drought tolerance  
Nitrogen fixer  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Part sun - full shade
Soil type   Light, well drained
Wind tolerance   Tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure
Tree onion

Tree onion

Common name   Topsetting onions, walking onions, or Egyptian onion
Botanical name   Allium proliferum
Details  

While similar to common 'regular' onions, the Egyption walking tree onion produces a cluster of bulbs, both under the ground as well as at various locations up the stem. Rather than reproducing via seed, this plant can be cultivated simply by planting the small bulblets that form in the air.

At the end of the plan's life, if not harvested, the stems with aerial bulblets fall over, touching the ground and eventually taking root and forming new plants. This is how the onion 'walks'.

Starting plants from a bulb hundreds of times bigger than the actual seed gives it a much stronger start in life, allowing it to grow in more competitive situations, even allowing it to push up through quite thick mulch.

Eating - The bulbs from under the ground are much like shallots, being stronger in flavour and more elongated in shape compared to the more conventional onions most people are familiar with. The larger aerial bulblets can be eaten too.

Diameter   1.00
Edible  
Perennial  
Broadleaved dock

Broadleaved dock

Botanical name   Rumex obtusifolius
Details  
  • Perennial weed with large broad leaves and a thick, strong taproot
  • Most common in damp waste places and pastures, especially in higher fertility areas such as stockyards, cowsheds, water troughs and gardens.
  • Up to 1m tall when flowering at almost any time of the year. Stems erect and leafy with whorls of green to red flowers that later turn brown
  • Leaves broad and flat, heart-shaped at the base.
  • Grow to 35 cm long and 15 cm wide, hairy underneath and with long stalks
  • Fruit are small, heart-shaped, brown, three angled nuts approximately 2.5 mm long
  • Stems become stiff and woody as the plant matures.

Benefits
  • Leaves can be used to soothe a range of skin irritations including mosquito bites and nettle rash
  • Leaves may be used in cooking (cream soup and casseroles). and also in salads
  • Roots have been used as a coffee substitute.
Comfrey

Comfrey

Botanical name   Symphytum officinale
Family   Boraginaceae
Details   Fantastic companion plant for forest gardens. Chop and drop through spring and summer to nourish adjacent trees and improve soil quality.
Diameter   1.00
Height (m)   0.5
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Pentaglottis sempervirens

Pentaglottis sempervirens

Common name   Alkanet, Forget-me-not
Botanical name   Pentaglottis sempervirens
Family   Boraginaceae
Details   Loved by bees, this plant is easy to grow to the point of being a weed.
Easily propagated via seed and roof pieces
Diameter   1.00
Flowers   Blue
Drought tolerance  
Evergreen  
Perennial  
Soil type   Most
Perennial multiplying leeks

Perennial multiplying leeks

Common name   Perennial leeks, Multiplier leeks, Perpetual leeks
Details   This is one of my favourite vegetables to grow as it is easy care, quick to multiply and can be used raw or cooked in many meals. If you want a perennial spring onion / leek then this is the one to grow and is productive for much of the year

Forming clumps over time, this onion / allium can be harvested and divided at any time, sitting ready and waiting in even poor, weedy soil. Rapidly bulk up your patch by dividing regularly and not eating too many at the beginning.
Edible  
Perennial  
Soil type   Most
Tags     vegetable  perennial 
Rating  
Clavulina rugosa - edible fungi

Clavulina rugosa - edible fungi

Details   After several attempts to inoculate and produce edible mushrooms I decided I might be better off educating myself on the local edible varieties that grow themselves. On several occasions we have found and eaten large field mushrooms but these are less common as the land rapidly returns to forest.

One species that I felt comfortable identifying due to lack of poisonous lookalikes is Clavulina rugosa, commonly known as the wrinkled coral fungus. Knowing that it occurs in symbiosis with conifer roots I went looking and was surprised to find some growing less than 100m from the house. Now that I know what I'm looking for I have found them in other locations.
Date   August 05, 2021
Tags     fungi  food 
Feijoa

Feijoa

Common name   feijoa, pineapple guava
Botanical name   Acca sellowiana
Family   Myrtaceae
Flowers   Pink
Diameter   4.00
Height (m)   4
Drought tolerance  
Edible  
Evergreen  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Tags     hedge  autumn  fruit 
Rating  

Silver wattle

Common name   Silver wattle
Botanical name   Acacia Dealbata
Family   Fabaceae
Details   Fast growing, coppices readily, good firewood. Can sucker from root disturbed / damaged roots.
Date   July 01, 2010
Diameter   1.00
Height (m)   25
Drought tolerance  
Evergreen  
Nitrogen fixer  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Dry
Wind tolerance   High

Shining gum

Common name   Shining gum
Botanical name   Eucalyptus nitens
Details   Mountains of Victoria. Broadly conical when young, grows rapidly, cold hardy, best in regular rainfall at higher altitude. Coppice for a perpetual supply of firewood (best done in early summer)
Diameter   1.00
Date   July 08, 2012
Height (m)   45
Evergreen  
Lathyrus odoratus

Lathyrus odoratus

Common name   Sweet Pea
Botanical name   Lathyrus odoratus
Details   Fast-growing, annual herb native only to southwest Italy and Sicily, but widely introduced as an ornamental. The ability of this species to tolerate a wide range of habitats, including disturbed areas, roadsides (in North Canterbury), secondary forests, as well as natural forests, means that it has the potential to spread much further than it has to date. This species has a climbing or sprawling habit, and consequently, has the capability to displace native species.

Currently it is considered invasive in New Zealand and ‘possibly invasive’ in the Dominican Republic. However, in its native range it is listed as Near Threatened, as it is subject to wild collection threat due to its commercial value.
Diameter   1.00
Flowers   Pink, Purple
Drought tolerance  
Nitrogen fixer  
Siberian Pea Shrub

Siberian Pea Shrub

Common name   Siberian Pea Shrub
Botanical name   Caragana arborescens
Family   Leguminosae/Fabaceae
Details   A genus of shrubs mostly native to Central Asia, some inhabiting dry, half-desert regions with hot summers and bitterly cold winters. They include some of the toughest and most accommodating of all plants, some able to survive temperatures down to -40°C. (A diversion for quiz addicts: this is the one point in the Centigrade and Fahrenheit scales of temperature where they are numerically the same.) As with many plants of such origin, they are often armed with an interesting variety of spines, some making useful impenetrable barriers. One of the toughest of all plants with clusters of yellow pea-flowers in May.
Flowers   Yellow
Diameter   1.00
Date   July 07, 2013
Height (m)   4
Drought tolerance  
Edible  
Evergreen  
Nitrogen fixer  
Perennial  
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Most
Wind tolerance   High
Chaste tree

Chaste tree

Common name   vitex, chaste tree, chasteberry, Abraham's balm, lilac chastetree, or monk's pepper
Botanical name   Vitex agnus-castus
Family   Verbenaceae
Details   It is a native of the Mediterranean region, one of the few temperate-zone species of Vitex, which is generally a genus of tropical and sub-tropical flowering plants. Widely cultivated in warm temperate and subtropical regions for its delicate-textured aromatic foliage and butterfly-attracting mid-summer spikes of lavender flowers opening in late summer in cooler climates.

It requires full sun though tolerating partial shade, along with well-drained soil. Under ideal conditions it is hardy to -23 °C

Propagate by seed or cuttings

Once used to flavour stews in monasteries, (not recommended for honeymooners). It has been long believed to be an anaphrodisiac – leading to its name as chaste tree – but its effectiveness for such action remains unproven.
Date   July 24, 2013
Diameter   1.00
Height (m)   3.0
Perennial  
Citrus

Citrus

Details   A family of tropical to subtropical fruiting trees and shrubs
Flowers   White
Diameter   1.00
Edible  
Evergreen  
Frost sensitive  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Part sun - full shade
Soil type   Light to heavy well drained
Chinese dogwood

Chinese dogwood

Common name   Chinese dogwood
Botanical name   Cornus kousa chinensis
Details   Small, deciduous tree with pink edible fruits 4-5cm in diameter ripening in autumn.
Family   Cornaceae
Flowers   Cream
Diameter   1.00
Date   August 05, 2013
Height (m)   6.0
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Semi shade, Full sun
Soil type   Moist
Wind tolerance   poor
Australian Indigo

Australian Indigo

Botanical name   Indigofera australis
Details   Tolerates light frost
Family   Fabaceae
Flowers   Pink, Purple
Diameter   2.00
Height (m)   2
Evergreen  
Drought tolerance  
Nitrogen fixer  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Sunny, Light shade
Soil type   Sandy, Loamy, Sandy loam, Clay loam, Potting mix, Poor soil
Elaeagnus pungens

Elaeagnus pungens

Common name   Elaeagnus, Thorny olive, Thorny Elaeagnus, Oleaster, Silverberry, Silverthorn, Pungent Elaeagnus
Botanical name   Elaeagnus pungens
Details   Found on sunny slopes, road sides and thickets in lowlands, usually below 1000 metres and especially by the sea
Origin -
E. Asia - China, Japan.
Family   Elaeagnaceae
Diameter   4.00
Height (m)   4
Drought tolerance  
Edible  
Evergreen  
Fruit / berries  
Nitrogen fixer  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full shade to full sun
Soil type   Most
Wind tolerance   Maritime exposure
Elaeagnus x ebbingei

Elaeagnus x ebbingei

Botanical name   Elaeagnus x ebbingei
Details   Fast-growing, wind, cold & salt tolerant. Dense evergreen dark-green shrub with glossy leaves.
Highly-scented white flowers in autumn followed by orange-red edible fruit mid spring (Early October at blockhill).
Fruiting after 4 years
Nitrogen fixer.
Family   Elaeagnaceae
Flowers   White
Diameter   5.00
Height (m)   5
Drought tolerance  
Edible  
Evergreen  
Fruit / berries  
Nitrogen fixer  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full shade to full sun
Soil type   Most
Wind tolerance   Maritime exposure
Tags     berries  spring 

Horopito

Common name   mountain horopito or pepper tree
Family   Winteraceae
Diameter   1.00
Height (m)   8
Edible  
Frost sensitive  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
French Sorrel

French Sorrel

Botanical name   Rumex scutatus
Common name   French sorrel, buckler sorrel, shield-leaf sorrel
Details   As a culinary herb, it is used mainly in salads. The flavour of French sorrel is slightly bitter or tangy, spiced with a hint of lemon; the sharp flavour is due to oxalic acid.[4] French sorrel is hardy in most regions, tolerating frost, full sun and short dry spells.[5] It grows quickly to a clump up to 1 metre in diameter, with long leaves up to 10 centimetres in width.
Diameter   1.00
Edible  
Perennial  
Laburnum

Laburnum

Common name   Golden chain or golden rain tree
Family   Fabaceae
Details   Yellow pea-flowers in pendulous leafless racemes 10–40 cm (4–15.5 in) long in spring, which makes them very popular garden trees.

All parts of the plant are poisonous, although mortality is very rare. Symptoms of laburnum poisoning may include intense sleepiness, vomiting, convulsive movements, coma, slight frothing at the mouth and unequally dilated pupils.
Flowers   Yellow
Diameter   6.00
Height (m)   6
Drought tolerance  
Nitrogen fixer  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun / part shade
Soil type   Most
Wind tolerance   Good
Tags     perennial  tree  legume  hardy 
Kowhai

Kowhai

Botanical name   Sophora tetraptera
Details   Small leguminous tree with attractive fern-like foliage. Tangled juvenile stage leads to a stately adult tree.
Flowers profusely from September - November. Nectar is very attractive to birds, but can be toxic to honey bees.
Semi-deciduous. Hardy to cold and wind.
New Zealand native
Flowers   Yellow
Diameter   3.00
Height (m)   8
Drought tolerance  
Evergreen  
Nitrogen fixer  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Wind tolerance   High
Asimina triloba

Asimina triloba

Common name   American Pawpaw
Botanical name   Asimina triloba
Family   Annonaceae
Details   Native to north america, cold hardy fruit producer
Flowers   Maroon
Height (m)   4.5
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Jugulone tolerance  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Shade - part shade
Soil type   Moist free draining
Wind tolerance   Low

Staghorn sumac

Botanical name   Rhus typhina
Family   Anacardiaceae
Details   Staghorn sumac is an ornamental plant which provides interest throughout the year; though its vigorous, suckering habit makes it unsuitable for smaller gardens. It can grow under a wide array of conditions, but is most often found in dry and poor soil on which other plants cannot survive.

Usually found in upland sites on rich soils, but it is also found in gravel and sandy nutrient-poor soils. It grows by streams and swamps, along roadsides, railway embankments and edges of woods
Diameter   6.00
Height (m)   5
Drought tolerance  
Jugulone tolerance  
Black locust

Black locust

Common name   Black locust
Botanical name   Robinia pseudoacacia
Family   Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Details   Fast growing thorny tree with ground durable timber.
All parts of the plant (except the flowers) and especially the bark, should be considered to be toxic. The toxins are destroyed by heat.
Flowers   White
Diameter   15.00
Height (m)   25
Drought tolerance  
Jugulone tolerance  
Nitrogen fixer  
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Wind tolerance   Moderate

Italian Alder

Common name   Italian Alder
Botanical name   Alnus Cordata
Details   Fast, deep-rooted, nitrogen-fixing tree.  Moderate drought tolerance.  Trims well, excellent shelter for native under-story. Popular for horticultural shelterbelts and soil conservation on hill country. Roots penetrate deeply and so do not spread sideways into valuable crops.
Deciduous. Holds leaves from September to June.  Cold hardy after first season.
Space at 1.5-4m centres for shelter.
Family   Betulaceae
Date   July 06, 2010
Height (m)   25
Drought tolerance  
Nitrogen fixer  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Wind tolerance   Moderate

Titoki

Common name   Titoki (Maori), New Zealand oak
Botanical name   Alectryon excelsus
Family   Sapindaceae
Details   A shiny-leaved tree native to New Zealand, where it occurs in coastal and lowland forests. It is found throughout most of the North Island and from Banks Peninsula to central Westland in the South Island.

The colourful seed is initially contained in a hairy woody capsule which splits revealing bright red and black unpalatable fruit (the black portion being the seed).

Likely to grow anywhere from lowland forest areas and exposed coastal area sites along with sandy plains.[2] In sandy plains, Alectryon excelsus is often paired with Beilschmiedia tawa (tawa).

This tree likes to grow in the places that have a lot of water such as wetlands.[3] Titoki tree gravitates towards moist soil which contains many nutrients for growth along with fertile alluvial and sandy soils.[2] The location characteristics best suited for this tree are as followed: ‘fertile, well-drained soils along riverbanks and associated terraces'.[6] The plant can grow in conditions from semi-shade to full sun.[4]
Flowers   purple small
Diameter   1.00
Height (m)   9
Evergreen  
Frost sensitive  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Part sun - full shade
Soil type   Free draining
European hazelnut

European hazelnut

Botanical name   Corylus avellana
Family   Betulaceae
Details   Broadly columnar, deciduous. Very edible hazel nuts in March with yellow autumn leaves in April. Make great windbreaks yielding nuts, small poles and rods. Coppice readily.
Wind pollinated (not self fertile)
Frost hardy
Diameter   3.00
Height (m)   5
Jugulone tolerance  
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Soil type   Most (prefers moist)
Wind tolerance   High
Tags     nuts 
June Berry, Western Service Berry, Saskatoon

June Berry, Western Service Berry, Saskatoon

Common name   June Berry, Western Service Berry
Botanical name   Amelanchier alnifolia
Family   Rosaceae
Details   A medium-sized shrub laden in spring with masses of ragged white flowers followed by black berries.
Colour   White Cream
Flowers   April
Date   July 01, 2013
Height (m)   4
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Part shade
Sweet Chestnut

Sweet Chestnut

Variety   Hybrid
Botanical name   Castanea Sativa/Crenata
Family   Fagaceae
Details   Chestnuts are very hardy deciduous trees of great beauty, highly productive and require little maintenance. Chestnuts should only be planted in free draining soils as they do not like wet feet. They thrive in warm sheltered sunny spots, in organically rich, moisture retentive but good draining soils. Chestnut 1005 has medium to large nuts of great quality and flavour (very sweet). It crops heavily and early in the season and is self fertile. Growth habit is compact, bushy (for a Chestnut).
SPANISH JAPANESE HYBRID
Height (m)   6 - 10m
Edible  
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Common name   Sweet Chestnut
Psoralea Pinnata

Psoralea Pinnata

Common name   fountain bush, penwortel, blue broom, Albany broom, African scurf pea, taylorina, blue psoralea, Dally pine
Botanical name   Psoralea Pinnata
Family   Fabaceae
Details   Native to South Africa. Looking a little like rosemary.
Flowers October to December extremely attractive to bees.
Flowering is followed by the production of small pods, each of these contain a single dark brown seed.
Establishes in Gumlands, dry shrubland, coastline, estuaries, bush tracks, forest margins, and fernland, especially in warmer areas.
Will even persist under pines and wattles. It would seem that it can successfully compete with established trees in difficult wet areas.
Flowers   blue, white, pale purple
Height (m)   1.5 - 4
Drought tolerance  
Evergreen  
Nitrogen fixer  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun to part shade
Soil type   Prefers damp
Wind tolerance   Good
Tags     legume  nitrogen  succession 
Thornless Honey Locust

Thornless Honey Locust

Botanical name   Gleditsia triacanthos f.inermis
Family   Thornless Honey Locust
Details   A very elegant spreading tree with bright green fern-like leaves. Excellent shade and autumn colour tree. Fixes nitrogen and the edible seed pods are valued for stock fodder. Thrives in the heat and dry. Thornless. Deciduous. Hardy.
Diameter   11.00
Height (m)   20
Drought tolerance  
Nitrogen fixer  
Perennial  
Jujube

Jujube

Common name   Jujube, Red date, Chinese date, Korean date, Indian date
Botanical name   Ziziphus jujuba
Family   Rhamnaceae
Details   Fast growing hardy tree, self fertile. Tolerates dry conditions
Minimal maintenance once established

Height (m)   10
Drought tolerance  
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   No Shade
Soil type   Light to heavy well drained
Red cherry / strawberry guava

Red cherry / strawberry guava

Common name   Red cherry / strawberry guava
Botanical name   Psidium cattleianum
Height (m)   6
Edible  
Evergreen  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Pear (Pyrus communis)

Pear (Pyrus communis)

Common name   Pear
Botanical name   Pyrus communis
Family   Rosaceae
Height (m)   13
Flowers   White
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Free draining
Wind tolerance   Moderate
Anemanthele lessoniana / oryzopsis rigida

Anemanthele lessoniana / oryzopsis rigida

Common name   goassamer grass, or New Zealand wind grass or pheasant's tail grass
Botanical name   Anemanthele lessoniana
Details  

Graceful grass tolerates moist or dry soils. A monotypic genus of grass indigenous to New Zealand. Thrives in both sun and shade. The grasses glossy green foliage turns to a coppery colour in the auntumn and sometimes stays through into winter depending on the dryness of the soil. Freely self-seeds and grows in 1 metre by 1 metre clumps with red airy flower stems appearing in spring. Further plants can be propagated by division in the middle of spring and the start of summer.

Diameter   1.00
Height (m)   1
Drought tolerance  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Sun - shade
Soil type   Most
Purple Coral Pea Shrub

Purple Coral Pea Shrub

Common name   Purple Coral Pea Shrub
Botanical name   Hardenbergia violacea
Family   Fabaceae
Height (m)   2
Flowers   Purple
Drought tolerance  
Evergreen  
Nitrogen fixer  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Light
Soap nut

Soap nut

Common name   Indian soap berry, washnut
Botanical name   Sapindus mukorossi
Family   Sapindaceae
Details   Grows in the lower foothills and midhills of the Himalayans to altitudes of 1200 meters. The soapnut contains the compound saponin, which has natural cleansing properties, and can be used as a cleanser for hair, skin, and clothing. Saponins are also useful as insecticides, such as for removing head lice
Height (m)   20
Frost sensitive  
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   most well-drained soil, nutritionally poor
Flame vine

Flame vine

Common name   Orange trumpetvine
Botanical name   Pyrostegia venusta
Details   Endemic to Brazil, but nowadays a well-known garden species. Stunning climber produces massive of brilliant orange flame blooms in winter till early spring. For best results train up a trellis, pergola or wall. Protect from frost when young.
Diameter   4.00
Height (m)   4
Flowers   Orange
Evergreen  
Frost sensitive  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun to part shade
Soil type   Free-draining soil rich in organic matter
Tree medick

Tree medick

Common name   moon trefoil, shrub medick, alfalfa arborea, and tree medick
Botanical name   Medicago arborea
Family   Fabaceae
Details   Scrub and rocky hillsides in Europe - Mediterranean. Suited to Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;
Root nodules observed on young seedlings when planting out
Diameter   2.00
Height (m)   2
Flowers   Yellow
Evergreen  
Frost sensitive  
Nitrogen fixer  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Most
Wind tolerance   Maritime
Virgilia divaricata

Virgilia divaricata

Common name   blossom tree, amaqua tree
Botanical name   Virgilia divaricata
Family   Fabaceae
Details   Small to medium-sized trees, with a bushy, rounded to broadly conical growth habit with branches growing close to the ground. They are very fast-growing when young, attaining up to 1.3 m in a year, and reaching their full height in only a few years.
Diameter   3.00
Height (m)   8
Flowers   Pink
Drought tolerance  
Evergreen  
Nitrogen fixer  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Wind tolerance   Maritime

Bougainvillea

Evergreen  
Perennial  
Bay Tree

Bay Tree

Common name   Bay Tree, Sweet bay, Grecian Laurel, True Laurel
Botanical name   Laurus nobilis
Details   Leaves used dry or fresh as season for soups, stews etc.
Diameter   10.00
Height (m)   12
Flowers   Yellow
Edible  
Evergreen  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Most
Wind tolerance   Tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure

Acacia

Common name   wattle, mimosa
Family   Fabaceae
Details   A large genus of fast growing, evergreen, nitrogen fixing plants ranging in size from shrubs to canopy trees.
Main uses include firewood, timber, shelter and support
Flowers   Yellow
Evergreen  
Nitrogen fixer  
Perennial  
Cornelian Cherry

Cornelian Cherry

Botanical name   Cornus mas
Family   Cornaceae
Details   Fruit - raw, dried or used in preserves. Juicy, with a nice acid flavour. The fully ripe fruit has a somewhat plum-like flavour and texture and is very nice eating, but the unripe fruit is rather astringent.
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Hedge;
Diameter   4.00
Height (m)   5
Flowers   Yellow
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Sun to part shade
Soil type   Most types, prefers moist site
Wind tolerance   Strong winds
Jerusalem Artichoke

Jerusalem Artichoke

Common name   sunroot, sunchoke, earth apple
Botanical name   Helianthus tuberosus
Family   Asteraceae or Compositae
Details   Easy to grow, highly productive plant that needs little care or watering. Produces tall leafy stems above ground that can act as living support for climbing beans.
Masses of knobbly, edible tubers form below ground and can be harvested in late autumn - early winter when tops die off.
Eaten by pigs and chickens
Diameter   0.60
Height (m)   2.4
Flowers   Yellow
Edible  
Perennial  
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Soil type   Most
Wind tolerance   Good
Guava - Cherry Yellow Cherry

Guava - Cherry Yellow Cherry

Botanical name   Psidium cattleyanum
Family   Myrtaceae
Details  

Fruit about 2.5cm round turning golden yellow when fully ripe. April - July. Aromatic, juicy with small edible seeds

Small tree from 2-4 metres. Can be moderately vigorous. Spreading habit. Prune for size or shape late autumn or early spring. Fruits on new seasons growth (reddish-bronze colour) prune before spring growth starts.

Self-fertile, pollinated by insects and birds.

Can tolerate costal conditions and some shade.
Harvest      
Height (m)   2 - 4
Flowers   white
Edible  
Evergreen  
Frost sensitive  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   free-draining rich in organic matter
Pyrus x bretschneideri

Pyrus x bretschneideri

Common name   Ya Pear
Botanical name   Pyrus bretschneideri
Family   Rosaceae
Details   Very juicy, white to light yellow pears
Habitats Slopes, dry cold regions at elevations of 100 - 2000 metres
Range E. Asia - N. China.
Diameter   5.00
Height (m)   7
Flowers   White
Drought tolerance  
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Most
Olive

Olive

Botanical name   Olea europaea
Details   Attractive fast growing tree. Clusters of white fluffy flowers in spring followed by fruit in autumn. Olives grow in most soils providing plenty of moisture during growing season and drainage. Fruit eaten by Kereru.
Harvest      
Diameter   3.00
Height (m)   4
Flowers   white
Drought tolerance  
Edible  
Evergreen  
Fruit / berries  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Most
Wind tolerance   Moderate
Nashi

Nashi

Common name   Asian pear, Chinese pear, Korean pear, Japanese pear, Taiwanese pear, sand pear
Details   A crisp, juicy and refreshing type of pear from Asia but grown in New Zealand since 1982.
Edible  
Family   Rosaceae
Flowers   Whitre
Botanical name   Pyrus pyrifolia
Peruvian Pepper

Peruvian Pepper

Common name   California Peppertree, Peruvian peppertree
Botanical name   Schinus molle
Family   Anacardiaceae
Height (m)   8
Diameter   8.00
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Evergreen  
Edible  
Perennial  
Soil type   Most
Japanese Chinquapin

Japanese Chinquapin

Botanical name   Castanopsis cuspidata
Height (m)   25
Diameter   10.00
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Evergreen  
Edible  
Perennial  
Date   August 01, 2015
Shade / Sun   Semi shade
Soil type   Most
Tags     nuts  evergreen 
Kiwifruit

Kiwifruit

Details   This vigorous climbing vine is doing well, growing on deer fence netting wrapped around big black plastic water tank. Male and female are plated north-east and north-west face of the tank.
Common name   Kiwifruit, Chinese Gooseberry
Botanical name   Actinidia deliciosa
Family   Actinidiaceae
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Frost sensitive  
Perennial  
Date   September 01, 2012
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Blood Navel Orange

Blood Navel Orange

Details   A mid season, low acid and virtually seedless blood navel orange. Raspberry-coloured flesh is sweet to taste, with subtle cherry undertones and extremely juicy.
Date   November 26, 2014
Common name   Cara Cara
Edible  
Evergreen  
Flowers   white
Frost sensitive  
Fruit / berries  
Botanical name   Citrus sinensis
Variety   Cara Cara
Arbutus unedo

Arbutus unedo

Common name   Strawberry tree
Botanical name   Arbutus unedo
Family   Ericaceae
Height (m)   9
Diameter   8.00
Evergreen  
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Wind tolerance   Maritime exposure
Shade / Sun   Full to part sun
Soil type   Dry to moist
Kakabeak

Kakabeak

Details   Grows in open, sunny, steep sites, often on rocky outcrops, slips, the bases of cliffs or edges of lakes and streams. It is a relatively short-lived plant, sometimes lasting 15-20 years.
Botanical name   Clianthus
Family   Fabaceae
Height (m)   2
Diameter   1.50
Evergreen  
Frost sensitive  
Perennial  
Nitrogen fixer  
Shade / Sun   Sun
Flowers   Red
Turkey Tail Mushroom

Turkey Tail Mushroom

Details   Turkey Tail Mushrooms have been used for hundreds of years in Asia, Europe, and by the indigenous peoples in North America for immunity and other benefits. This colourful, super-abundant mushroom grows on dead trees, logs, branches, and stumps.
Botanical name   Trametes versicolor
Family   Polyporaceae
Edible  
Shade / Sun   Shade
Pecan

Pecan

Details   North American nut tree growing to 50 meters. Prefers sunny stream sides
Common name   Pecan
Botanical name   Carya illinoinensis
Family   Juglandaceae
Height (m)   50
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Edible  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Moist
Judas Tree

Judas Tree

Details   Hardy to -15C
Common name   Judas Tree, Redbud
Botanical name   Cercis siliquastrum
Family   Leguminosae
Height (m)   12
Diameter   10.00
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Perennial  
Nitrogen fixer  
Drought tolerance  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Most
Flowers   Pink
Chinese licorice

Chinese licorice

Common name   Gan Cao, Chinese licorice
Botanical name   Glycyrrhiza uralensis
Family   Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Height (m)   0.4
Diameter   0.60
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Edible  
Perennial  
Nitrogen fixer  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Maximillian Sunflower

Maximillian Sunflower

Common name   Maximillian Sunflower / Daisy
Botanical name   Helianthus maximilianii
Height (m)   2.4
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Most
Flowers   Yellow
Butterfly weed

Butterfly weed

Details   A species of milkweed native to eastern North America. It is a perennial plant growing to 0.3–1 metre tall, with clustered orange or yellow flowers from early summer to early autumn.
Common name   Pleurisy Root, Butterfly milkweed, Rolfs' milkweed, Indian Paintbrush
Botanical name   Asclepias tuberosa
Family   Asclepiadaceae
Height (m)   0.3–1
Diameter   0.50
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Flowers   Orange
Tags     butterfly 
Creeping Raspberry

Creeping Raspberry

Details   A native of Taiwan, this spectacular, fast-growing, evergreen groundcover is from the same family as Strawberries and Raspberries.
Common name   Creeping Raspberry
Botanical name   Rubus hayata-koidzumii
Height (m)   0.3
Evergreen  
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Drought tolerance  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Most
Alpine Strawberry

Alpine Strawberry

Common name   Alpine Strawberry
Botanical name   Fragaria vesca 'Semperflorens'
Height (m)   0.3
Diameter   0.30
Evergreen  
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Moist free draining
Flowers   White
Male Bamboo

Male Bamboo

Details   A tropical to subtropical clumping species native to Southeast Asia. This bamboo is extensively used as a raw material in paper mills and has edible shoots.
Common name   Male Bamboo, Solid Bamboo or Calcutta Bamboo
Botanical name   Dendrocalamus strictus
Height (m)   8-20
Edible  
Perennial  
Drought tolerance  
Moso / Chinese timber Bamboo

Moso / Chinese timber Bamboo

Details   Cold hardy bamboo with large diameter stems
Botanical name   Phyllostachys edulis
Height (m)   28
Edible  
Perennial  
Elderberry

Elderberry

Details   Fast growing multi stemmed small tree with flat clusters of small white flowers in late spring.
Common name   Elderberry - European Elder
Botanical name   Sambucus nigra
Family   Caprifoliaceae
Height (m)   6
Diameter   6.00
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Wind tolerance   Low
Shade / Sun   Full sun - Shade
Soil type   Most
Flowers   White
Rhubarb

Rhubarb

Details   The stems of this easy to grow perennial can be used as a fruit or vegetable.
Botanical name   Rheum rhabarbarum
Family   Polygonaceae
Height (m)   0.5
Diameter   1.00
Edible  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun, Partial shade
Chinese water chestnuts

Chinese water chestnuts

Details   The water chestnut is actually not a nut at all, but an aquatic vegetable that grows in marshes, underwater in the mud.
Common name   Chinese water chestnuts
Botanical name   Eleocharis dulcis
Family   Cyperaceae
Height (m)   1
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Edible  
Frost sensitive  
Perennial  
Soil type   Submerged in water
Vietnamese coriander

Vietnamese coriander

Details   Leaves are used in Southeast Asian cooking. A perennial plant that grows best in tropical and subtropical zones in warm and damp conditions. In advantageous conditions, it can grow up to 15–30 cm
Common name   Vietnamese coriander, Vietnamese mint, Vietnamese cilantro, Cambodian mint
Botanical name   Persicaria odorata
Family   Polygonaceae
Height (m)   0.3
Diameter   1.00
Evergreen  
Edible  
Frost sensitive  
Perennial  
Soil type   Moist
Pineapple sage

Pineapple sage

Details   Tubular red flowers and an attractive scent to the leaves that is similar to pineapple. It produces numerous erect leafy stems and flowers in the late autumn. Native to highland temperate forest in central Mexico. In cultivation, Pineapple sage grows to 1.2m tall, with the roots extending underground to form a large clump.
Common name   Pineapple sage, tangerine sage
Botanical name   Salvia elegans
Height (m)   1.5
Diameter   1.00
Edible  
Frost sensitive  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Moist
Flowers   Red
Small Leaved Lime, Littleleaf linden

Small Leaved Lime, Littleleaf linden

Details   Young leaves make an excellent salad or sandwich filling. Coppice or pollard trees to maintain a manageable size
Botanical name   Tilia cordata
Height (m)   30
Diameter   12.00
Edible  
Perennial  
Wind tolerance   Tolerate exposure
Carbon Equivalent   1.00
Evergreen laburnum

Evergreen laburnum

Details   This Himalayan shrub is evergreen in mild sheltered sites, semi-evergreen elsewhere, losing its leaves in hard frost but soon recovering again in spring. The growth is upright and flexible, allowing plants to be trained on warm walls where they are sheltered and flower more profusely. The blooms are large and bright yellow, like those of laburnum but in short upright clusters. Although good drainage is important, make sure plants are watered in summer to prevent sudden die-back.
Botanical name   Piptanthus nepalensis
Height (m)   2.5
Diameter   2.00
Evergreen  
Perennial  
Nitrogen fixer  
Shade / Sun   Full sun, Partial shade
Flowers   Yellow
Golden Rain Tree

Golden Rain Tree

Details   China and Korea. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Long pinnate leaves, yellow and orange in autumn. Small yellow flowers in large panicles followed by papery triangular capsules. Both make a good display. Suit hot dry sites.
Common name   Golden Rain Tree
Botanical name   Koelreuteria paniculata
Height (m)   5-10
Diameter   3.00
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Wind tolerance   Good
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Most
Flowers   Yellow

Chinese Yellow Wood

Details   Broadly spreading, deciduous. New growth silvery blue-grey, very hardy. Creamy white pea-like flowers in dense erect clusters. A legume, fixes nitrogen from the air. Rare in NZ
Common name   Chinese Yellow Wood
Botanical name   Maackia Amurensis
Height (m)   6
Diameter   6.00
Nitrogen fixer  
Date   July 10, 2010
Wind tolerance   Low
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Silk tree

Silk tree

Details   Broadly spreading, deciduous. Often flat topped,late into leaf. Dark pink flowers on top of the leaves in January. The small leaflets of the compound leaves quickly disintegrate after leaf fall. Drought & heat tolerant.
Common name   Silk tree, Persian silk tree, pink silk tree
Botanical name   Albizia julibrissin rosea
Height (m)   10
Diameter   12.00
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Nitrogen fixer  
Drought tolerance  
Date   July 02, 2012
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Most
Flowers   Pink
Tree Lucerne, Tagasaste

Tree Lucerne, Tagasaste

Details   A wide spreading, tall, deciduous shrub. Vigorous growth, leaves and white flowers in spring eaten by native pigeons (krereru). Foliage can be cut for grazing stock in droughts and for use as mulch material. Fixes nitrogen. Can be killed by severe frosts.
Common name   Tree Lucerne, Tagasaste
Botanical name   Chamaecytisus Palmensis
Family   Fabaceae
Height (m)   4
Diameter   3.00
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Evergreen  
Frost sensitive  
Perennial  
Nitrogen fixer  
Drought tolerance  
Date   July 04, 2012
Wind tolerance   High
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Most
Flowers   White
Rating  
Goji berry

Goji berry

Details   One of the so called super fruits because of all the good minerals and vitamins it contains.
Common name   Goji, Box Thorn, Matrimony vine
Botanical name   Lycium barbarum
Family   Solanaceae
Height (m)   2.5
Diameter   4.00
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Wind tolerance   Tolerate maritime exposure
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Moist free draining
Chaenomeles japonica

Chaenomeles japonica

Common name   Dwarf Quince, Maule's quince, Japanese Flowering Quince
Botanical name   Chaenomeles japonica
Family   Rosaceae
Height (m)   1
Diameter   2.00
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Wind tolerance   Moderate
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Most
Flowers   Pink
New Jersey Tea

New Jersey Tea

Details   Deciduous shrub growing in dry woods and on gravelly banks, often on sandstone or limestone bluffs
Common name   New Jersey Tea, Wild Snowball
Botanical name   Ceanothus americanus
Family   Rhamnaceae
Height (m)   1.2
Diameter   1.00
Perennial  
Nitrogen fixer  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Most
Flowers   White
Liquorice

Liquorice

Common name   Liquorice, Cultivated licorice
Botanical name   Glycyrrhiza glabra
Family   Fabaceae or Leguminosae
Height (m)   1.2
Diameter   1.00
Edible  
Perennial  
Nitrogen fixer  
Wind tolerance   Moderate
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Fig

Fig

Details   Medium rate growth, self fertile.
Common name   Fig
Botanical name   Ficus carica
Family   Moraceae
Height (m)   6
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Drought tolerance  
Shade / Sun   No Shade
Soil type   Dry, Rocky
Japanese Raisin Tree

Japanese Raisin Tree

Details   A deciduous Tree growing to 10 m by 7 m. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender.
Common name   Japanese Raisin Tree
Botanical name   Hovenia dulcis
Family   Rhamnaceae
Height (m)   10
Edible  
Perennial  
Date   July 14, 2013
Flowers   June, July
Sea berry

Sea berry

Details   Nitrogen fixing small tree with thorns producing copious small berries born directly on branches. High in vitimins. Hardy, wind and drought tolerant.
Common name   Sea Buckthorn, Seaberry
Botanical name   Hippophae rhamnoides
Family   Elaeagnaceae
Height (m)   6
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Nitrogen fixer  
Drought tolerance  
Wind tolerance   High
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Most
Green Tea

Green Tea

Details   The leaves are infused in hot water and used as the drink that is commonly known as tea. It is widely drunk in many areas of the world. Green tea is made from the steamed and dried leaves.
Botanical name   Camellia Sinensis
Family   Theaceae
Height (m)   2
Evergreen  
Perennial  
Date   June 29, 2013
Tags     Tea 
Colour   White
Crimson clover

Crimson clover

Details   Multipurpose nitrogen fixing legume and beneficial insect plant. Sow late summer for rapid bulky upright growth. It goes dormant in the cold of winter before resuming growth in spring up to 1m high and sporting a striking crimson bloom in early summer. Chop and dig in prior to flowering or leave for a valuable nectar rich food supply for bees and beneficial insects.
Common name   Crimson clover
Botanical name   Trifolium incarnatum
Height (m)   1
Nitrogen fixer  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Most
Flowers   Red
Phacelia

Phacelia

Details   Quick growing manure crop or as a sanctuary for predator insects to feed and plan their assaults from. Dig or plough in anytime. Sow from September through to April at a rate of 30g per 10m2 or 1kg per 300m2.
Common name   Phacelia
Botanical name   Phacelia tanacetifolia
Height (m)   1
Date   July 08, 2013
Tags     bees 
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Most
Flowers   Purple
Coprosma

Coprosma

Details   A genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It is found in New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Borneo, Java, New Guinea, islands of the Pacific Ocean to Australia and the Juan Fernández Islands.

The name Coprosma means "smelling like dung" and refers to the smell (methanethiol) given out by the crushed leaves of a few species.

Many species are small shrubs with tiny evergreen leaves, but a few are small trees and have much larger leaves. The flowers have insignificant petals and are wind-pollinated, with long anthers and stigmas. Natural hybrids are common. The fruit is a non-poisonous juicy berry, most often bright orange (but can be dark red or even light blue), containing two small seeds. The orange fruit of the larger species were eaten by Māori children, and are also popular with birds. It is said that coffee can be made from the seeds, Coprosma being related to the coffee plants. A notable feature (also found in other genera of Rubiaceae) is that the leaves contain hollows in the axils of the veins; in these, and on the leaf stipules, nitrogen-fixing bacteria grow. In addition the hollows, or domatia, encourage certain kinds of mites to take up residence, which feed on and reduce parasitic fungi which attack the leaf.

Recommended as chicken forrage by Bill Mollison
Height (m)   0.5 - 3
Evergreen  
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Drought tolerance  
Wind tolerance   High
Shade / Sun   Sun
Soil type   Most
Asiatic sweetleaf/Sapphire berry

Asiatic sweetleaf/Sapphire berry

Details   China & Japan. Wide spreading deciduous shrub. Panicles of creamy white fragrant flowers in mid summer. Bright blue berries remain after leaf fall, best display where two or more are planted. Fruit - cooked. Used in jams, jellies and sauce
Common name   Asiatic sweetleaf/Sapphire berry
Botanical name   Symplocos paniculata
Family   Symplocaceae
Height (m)   3.0
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Date   August 11, 2013
Wind tolerance   Good
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Moist
Flowers   White
Colour   Purple
Foamflower

Foamflower

Common name   Foamflower, Heartleaf foamflower, Clumping Foamflower
Botanical name   Tiarella cordifolia
Family   Saxifragaceae
Height (m)   0.2
Evergreen  
Perennial  
Date   October 19, 2014
Shade / Sun   Part shade
Soil type   Most
Flowers   White
Yellow Loosestrife

Yellow Loosestrife

Details   Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Pond; Bog Garden.
An astringent herb, yellow loosestrife is principally used to treat gastro-intestinal conditions such as diarrhoea and dysentery, to stop internal and external bleeding and to cleanse wounds
Common name   Yellow Loosestrife, Garden yellow loosestrife
Botanical name   Lysimachia vulgaris
Family   Primulaceae
Height (m)   1.2
Perennial  
Date   October 19, 2014
Shade / Sun   Shade - part shade
Soil type   Most
Flowers   Yellow
Ajuga

Ajuga

Details   Ajuga reptans is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.3m by 0.6m at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, The plant is self-fertile. It is noted for attracting wildlife.
Common name   Bugle, Common Bugelweed, Bugleweed, Carpet Bugleweed, Carpetweed, Carpet Bugle
Botanical name   Ajuga reptans
Family   Lamiaceae
Height (m)   0.3
Evergreen  
Perennial  
Date   October 17, 2014
Shade / Sun   Sun - Full shade
Soil type   Most
Flowers   Purple
Cape broom

Cape broom

Botanical name   Genista monspessulana
Height (m)   3
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Evergreen  
Perennial  
Nitrogen fixer  
Drought tolerance  
Wind tolerance   Good
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Most
Flowers   Yellow
Good king henry

Good king henry

Details   This is a small perennial herbaceous vegetable that was once well known in England and central/southern Europe. While it has naturalized in the U.S., it is a rather uncommon food there. Good King Henry is in the same family as spinach, and its leaves are used in much the same way; however, its shoots are eaten like asparagus, flower buds like broccoli, and the seeds are an edible grain. Add its ability to grow in the shade, and this is a great plant to add to your Edible Forest Garden or other Permaculture plantings.
Botanical name   Chenopodium bonus-henricus
Evergreen  
Edible  
Perennial  
Date   October 04, 2014
Italian Stone pine

Italian Stone pine

Details   Broadly conical when young, develops a broadly arched umbrella shaped evergreen crown. Cones globose, ripen in 3rd year. Large seeds edible. Suited to dry and coastal conditions. Tolerates heat & cold.
Common name   Italian Stone pine
Botanical name   Pinus Pinea
Height (m)   20
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Evergreen  
Edible  
Drought tolerance  
Date   July 11, 2010
Wind tolerance   Moderate
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Dry
Walnut

Walnut

Details   Moderately fast growing nut tree producing large edible nuts in a two part shell. Trees excrete jugulone that inhibits plant growth of most other species.
Common name   Walnut, English walnut, Persian Walnut,
Botanical name   Juglans regia
Family   Juglandaceae
Height (m)   20
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Wind tolerance   Moderate
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Plum

Plum

Details   Fruit ripen early in the season. Loved by birds including native wood pigeon.
Common name   Plum
Botanical name   Prunus domestica
Family   Rosaceae
Height (m)   12
Edible  
Wind tolerance   Moderate
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Most
Flowers   Pink, White
Blueberry

Blueberry

Details   Grows in swamps, low wet woods, pine barrens and dry uplands.
Common name   Blueberry
Botanical name   Vaccinium corymbosum
Family   Ericaceae
Height (m)   2
Evergreen  
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Wind tolerance   Low
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Acid
Black Mulberry

Black Mulberry

Details   The edible fruit is dark purple, almost black, when ripe, 2–3 centimetres long
Common name   Mulberry
Botanical name   Morus nigra
Family   Moraceae
Height (m)   12
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Wind tolerance   Low
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Sandy to Clay
Arizonica

Arizonica

Details   Moderate growth rate. Creates attractive shelter.
Common name   Arizona cypress
Botanical name   Cupressus arizonica
Family   Cupressaceae
Height (m)   20
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Evergreen  
Perennial  
Wind tolerance   Moderate
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Colour   Blue grey
Akeake

Akeake

Details   A smallish, relatively fast growing New Zealand native that stands wind and dry
Botanical name   Dodonea viscosa
Height (m)   7
Evergreen  
Drought tolerance  
Wind tolerance   High
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Most
Peach

Peach

Common name   Peach
Botanical name   Prunus persica
Family   Rosaceae
Height (m)   4
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Wind tolerance   Moderate
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Most
Flowers   Pink
Sweet Cherry

Sweet Cherry

Details   Loved by bees and birds
Common name   Sweet Cherry
Botanical name   Prunus avium
Family   Rosaceae
Height (m)   18
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Wind tolerance   Moderate
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Free draining
Flowers   White
Chinese Persimmon

Chinese Persimmon

Details   This is a splendid, large shrub with large, shining green leaves that turn a glorious orange or plum-purple colour in autumn. The edible fruits, Persimmons, are produced here most reasonable summers.
Common name   Chinese Persimmon
Botanical name   Diospyros kaki
Family   Ebenaceae
Edible  
Perennial  
Date   July 10, 2013
Asparagus

Asparagus

Details   Young shoots - raw or cooked. Considered a gourmet food, the shoots are harvested in the spring. They are normally boiled or steamed and used as a vegetable. Male plants produce the best shoots.

Do not over-harvest the plant because this would weaken it in the following year.
The shoots are a good source of protein and dietary fibre. Roasted seeds are a coffee substitute
Common name   Asparagus
Botanical name   Asparagus officinalis
Family   Asparagaceae
Height (m)   1-2
Edible  
Frost sensitive  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Free draining
Rating  
Apricot

Apricot

Common name   Apricot
Botanical name   Prunus armeniaca
Family   Rosaceae
Height (m)   9
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Most
Flowers   White
Blue lupin

Blue lupin

Details   Grows well in most locations where it improves soil with organic matter and nitrogen. Bees enjoy the flowers.

Practical Plants
Plants for a future
Common name   Blue lupin
Botanical name   Lupinus angustifolius
Family   Leguminosae
Height (m)   1
Nitrogen fixer  
Tags     Bees 
Flowers   Blue
Rating  
Mountain Paw Paw

Mountain Paw Paw

Common name   Mountain pawpaw / papaya
Botanical name   Carica pubescens
Family   Annonaceae
Edible  
Osage Orange

Osage Orange

Details   A thorny tree with hard orange coloured dense wood. Good fuel wood.
Botanical name   Maclura pomifera
Grape

Grape

Botanical name   Vitis vinifera
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Drought tolerance  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
New Zealand Flax

New Zealand Flax

Details   Useful to tying materials. Loved by bell birds and other nectar feeders.
Botanical name   Phormium tenax
Height (m)   2-4
Evergreen  
Wind tolerance   High
Shade / Sun   Full sun - Shade
Soil type   Most
Flowers   Orange
Cabbage Tree

Cabbage Tree

Details   An attractive palm native to New Zealand. Long stiff leaves
Botanical name   Cordyline australis
Height (m)   15
Wind tolerance   High
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Soil type   Most
Flowers   White
Apple

Apple

Botanical name   Malus domestica
Family   Rosaceae
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Rating  
Almond

Almond

Botanical name   Prunus dulcis
Family   Rosaceae
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Edible  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Rating  
Hardy kiwi, Tara Vine

Hardy kiwi, Tara Vine

Botanical name   Actinidia arguta
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Shade / Sun   Full sun - part shade
Earthnut Pea

Earthnut Pea

Botanical name   Lathyrus tuberosus
Family   Leguminosae
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Edible  
Perennial  
Nitrogen fixer  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Colour   Pink

Liquorice

Details   hardy to about -15°c
Common name   Liquorice
Botanical name   Glycyrrhiza glabra
Family   Leguminosae/Fabaceae
Height (m)   0.5
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Edible  
Perennial  
Nitrogen fixer  
Date   July 03, 2013
Shade / Sun   Sun, part shade
Soil type   Sandy to Loamy
Colour   Purple/Lavender
Black tomato

Black tomato

Details   A stunning jet black tomato. Originally developed by the Oregon State University from crossing the commercial tomato with the black species Solanum peruvianum. They trusted one man with the seeds for propagation but this guy released the un-finalised version all over the world.  Breeders who got hold of the seeds started using it to improve the taste but keeping the black skin. This version is from about ten generations down the line to make the taste better.
Common name   Cesar's 'Truly Black'
Botanical name   Solanum lycopersicum
Height (m)   1
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Frost sensitive  
Date   February 02, 2014
Wind tolerance   Low
Flowers   Yellow
spring vetchling or spring pea

spring vetchling or spring pea

Details   Very valuable spring colour is produced by one of the most lovely dwarf perennial peas, with masses of violet blue pea flowers in April and May. Some L. vernus var. albus (white) are also included in here.
Botanical name   Lathyrus vernus
Family   Leguminosae
Height (m)   0.2
Perennial  
Nitrogen fixer  
Date   July 22, 2013
Flowers   Pink
Oleaster, Russian Olive

Oleaster, Russian Olive

Details   Wind-resistant, quick-growing, deciduous shrub with silvery foliage and fragrant flowers, followed by edible, ornamental fruits.
Common name   Oleaster, Russian Olive
Botanical name   Elaeagnus angustifolia
Family   Elaeagnaceae
Height (m)   7
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Nitrogen fixer  
Date   July 11, 2013
Wind tolerance   High
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Flowers   Yellow
Thai Ginger

Thai Ginger

Details   The rhizomes are used in various Asian cuisines. In its raw form, galangals have a stronger taste than common ginger.
Botanical name   Galangal
Height (m)   1
Edible  
Frost sensitive  
Perennial  
Loquat, Japanese Medlar

Loquat, Japanese Medlar

Details   In this country normally seen as a rather splendid shrub with large, leathery, toothed leaves, up to 12 ins. long, dark glossy green above and woolly below. The beautiful and fragrant, yellowish-white flowers are borne in late summer or early autumn and, very occasionally, followed by edible, pear-shaped fruits. Well worth growing for its noble foliage. Needs a sheltered position. Seeds are despatched from cold storage and should be sown IMMEDIATELY ON RECEIPT.
Common name   Loquat, Japanese Medlar
Botanical name   Eriobotrya japonica
Variety   Seedling
Family   Rosaceae
Height (m)   3-4
Evergreen  
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Perennial  
Date   July 12, 2013
Shade / Sun   Sun, part shade
Flowers   August, September
Carob

Carob

Details   A species of flowering evergreen shrub or tree in the pea family. It is widely cultivated for its edible pods, and as an ornamental tree in gardens. The ripe, dried pod is often ground to carob powder which is used as a substitute for cocoa powder.
Botanical name   Ceratonia siliqua
Family   Fabaceae
Height (m)   15
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Evergreen  
Perennial  
Nitrogen fixer  

Hybrid witch hazel

Common name   Hybrid witch hazel
Date   July 10, 2012
Details   Broadly spreading, deciduous. Leaves vary from dull purple, green to red in autumn. Small spidery yellow, orange or red flowers over winter. Screening, lovely plants.
Height (m)   2
Botanical name   Hamamelis x intermedia

Flowering ash

Common name   Flowering ash
Date   July 09, 2012
Details   Manna ash - from south Europe and southwest Asia. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Conspicuous clusters of small fragrant white flowers. Very drought tolerant and used as a street tree.
Drought tolerance  
Height (m)   7
Botanical name   Fraxinus ornus

Golden rain tree

Common name   Golden rain tree
Date   July 12, 2012
Details   Broadly spreading, deciduous. Long pinnate leaves, yellow and orange in autumn. Small yellow flowers in large panicles followed by papery triangular capsules. Both make a good display. Suit hot dry sites.
Height (m)   7
Botanical name   Koelreuteria paniculata

Green flowered hellebore

Common name   Green flowered hellebore
Date   July 11, 2012
Details   Apple green mass of flowers May to September contrasts with the grey-green foliage. Likes the sun and well drained soil.
Height (m)   0.5
Botanical name   Helleborus x sternii

Japanese white birch

Common name   Japanese white birch
Date   July 03, 2012
Details   Narrowly weeping, deciduous. Bark pure white and retained to ground level longer than B. pendula. Leaves larger than B. pendula. Not affected by rust and has bright yellow autumn colour.
Height (m)   20
Botanical name   Betula platyphylla v japonica

Broad-leaved hickory

Common name   Broad-leaved hickory
Date   July 01, 2012
Details   Coastal ranges of NSW. Erect small evergreen tree, straight trunk and light branching, timber tough and durable. Phyllodes like A. melanoxylon, creamy flowers in spring. Grows in moist gullies and exposed rocky slopes.
Evergreen  
Height (m)   10
Botanical name   Acacia falciformis

South African tree heath

Common name   South African tree heath
Date   July 07, 2012
Details   South Africa. Upright shrub, evergreen with abundantly flowering ascending branches. Small purplish-pink flowers cover the bush in winter. Hardy to our -9C winter frosts
Height (m)   2
Botanical name   Erica canaliculata

Winter Sweet

Common name   Winter Sweet
Date   July 05, 2012
Details   China. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Pale, waxy, yellow, sweetly scented flowers produced in winter on the bare branches. Succeeds in any well drained soil. Excellent on calcium rich soils.
Height (m)   2
Botanical name   Chimonanthus praecox

Kobus magnolia

Common name   Kobus magnolia
Date   July 14, 2012
Details   Broadly conical to spreading, deciduous. White strap-like petals before the leaves in spring. Beautiful street planting in Vancouver, Canada. Cold hardy
Height (m)   10
Botanical name   Magnolia kobus

NZ Toothed Lancewood

Common name   NZ Toothed Lancewood
Date   July 17, 2012
Details   Bushy topped with short stout branches as an adult tree, evergreen. Lance-like juvenile form with downward pointing stiff sawtooth leaves.
Evergreen  
Height (m)   6
Botanical name   Pseudopanax ferox

Fraqgrant epaulette tree

Common name   Fraqgrant epaulette tree
Date   July 18, 2012
Botanical name   Pterostyrax hispida

Chinese sweet box

Common name   Chinese sweet box
Date   July 20, 2012
Details   Compact small evergreen shrub with sweetly scented flowers in winter followed by black berries. Leaves elliptic, reponds well to clipping. Grows well in heavy shade, frost hardy. 7cm tubes.
Evergreen  
Height (m)   1
Botanical name   Sarcococca confusa

NZ Bronze Flax

Common name   NZ Bronze Flax
Date   July 15, 2012
Details   Broadly spreading, evergreen. Broad drooping or stiffly erect bronze to purple blades. Erect flower stalks attract tuis and bellbirds.
Evergreen  
Height (m)   2
Botanical name   Phormium purpureum
Wind tolerance   High

Photinia reb robin

Common name   Photinia reb robin
Date   July 16, 2012
Details   Broadly spreading evergreen shrub. Clips well into a neat hedge, the new shoots attractive red against dark green older leaves.
Evergreen  
Height (m)   3
Botanical name   Photinia x fraseri

Shagbark hickory

Common name   Shagbark hickory
Date   July 08, 2010
Details   Broadly columnar, deciduous. Straight trunk and lightly branched. Bark peels in vertical plates with age. Orange autumn colour, prized timber, nuts sweet and edible. Plant small, tap root must develop before height growth commences.
Edible  
Height (m)   25
Botanical name   Carya Ovata
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Shade / Sun   Full sun

Red Alder

Common name   Red Alder
Date   July 07, 2010
Details   Broadly conical deciduous. Vigorous growth on hillsides as well as streamsides. Produces good hardwood timber for furniture and panelling. Planted for shelter. Red winter buds identify this alder.
Family   Betulaceae
Height (m)   25
Botanical name   Alnus Rubra
Nitrogen fixer  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Moist
Wind tolerance   Moderate

Shantung Maple

Common name   Shantung Maple
Date   July 05, 2010
Family   Aceraceae
Height (m)   15
Botanical name   Acer Truncatum
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Wind tolerance   Low

Japanese maple

Common name   Japanese maple
Date   July 03, 2010
Details   Broadly spreading, deciduous. The small leaved, small seeded Japanese maple which comes true from seed. In autumn the colours change to orange and red, a magnificent sight. Shelter from strong winds, but remarkably drought tolerant.
Drought tolerance  
Family   Aceraceae
Height (m)   12
Botanical name   Acer Palmatum
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Wind tolerance   Low

Himalayan cedar

Common name   Himalayan cedar
Date   July 09, 2010
Details   Broadly conical, evergreen. Drought and exposure tolerant. Popular dry country shelter tree. Mulch to smother grass for best results. Branch ends droop. Valuable aromatic timber, heartwood with resin.
Drought tolerance  
Evergreen  
Height (m)   30
Botanical name   Cedrus Deodara
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Dry
Wind tolerance   Moderate

Fullmoon maple

Common name   Fullmoon maple
Date   July 02, 2010
Details   Northern Japan in mountain forests. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Purple-red flowers before the leaves. Orange-red autumn colours
Family   Aceraceae
Height (m)   3
Botanical name   Acer Japonicum
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Wind tolerance   Low

Sugar maple

Common name   Sugar maple
Date   July 04, 2010
Details   Broadly columnar, deciduous. Appears to need fertile soils for good growth. Also known as rock maple. Spring sap is processed into maple syrup in USA and now in NZ. Orange is the predominant autumn colour, quite spectacular. Cold hardy.
Family   Aceraceae
Height (m)   25
Botanical name   Acer Saccharum
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Fertile
Wind tolerance   Low

Butternut

Details   E Nth America. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Fruits in clusters of 3-5. Shell is deeply sculptured and the nut sweet and very oily. Large compound leaves. Sugar is made from the sap. Green fruit husks produce a yellow orange dye.
Common name   Butternut
Botanical name   Juglans cinerea
Family   Juglandaceae
Height (m)   25.0
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Edible  
Date   August 08, 2013
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Pear - Red Bartlett

Pear - Red Bartlett

Details   Red skin early fruiting, melting flesh. Double grafted with Louis bon Jersey
Common name   Pear
Botanical name   Pyrus
Family   Rosaceae
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Date   September 01, 2012
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Most
Flowers   white
Red Kidney Vetch

Red Kidney Vetch

Common name   Red Kidney Vetch
Date   July 19, 2013
Details   Superb crimson "pea" flowers appear from early spring until late summer, on radiating stems decked with hairy lanceolate leaves. A beautiful and bright plant which can be impressive on a hot bank where little else will survive.
Family   Papilionaceae
Height (m)   0.1
Botanical name   ANTHYLLIS VULNERARIA COCCINEA
Perennial  

Chinese Julian hackberry

Common name   Chinese Julian hackberry
Date   August 02, 2013
Details   Broadly columnar, deciduous. Branch ends tend to droop. Prefers fertile soil. Used in street plantings. Related to Ulmus, the elm family - the leaves are similar. Fruit are rounded berry-like orange-red to purple and edible. Rare in NZ. Juglone Tolerant
Family   Ulmaceae
Height (m)   23.0
Jugulone tolerance  
Botanical name   Celtis sinensis
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Colour   Purple/Lavender
Date   July 06, 2013
Details   One of the finest of ornamental berry plants is this neat, medium-sized shrub from China. With long, narrow leaves that turn deep rose-purple in autumn, it bears in summer clusters of numerous small, lilac flowers. These are followed by the berries - a mass of small coloured beads in shades of lilac, violet and rich purple that persist way into winter. Hardy throughout the British Isles.
Family   Verbenaceae
Flowers   June, July, August
Botanical name   Callicarpa bodinieri var. giraldii
Perennial  

Chinese wisteria

Details   Vigorous climber, twining anti-clockwise, deciduous. Will climb into a tree and can be trained on a pagola or fence. Fragrant mauve flowers in long racemes before the leaves.
Common name   Chinese wisteria
Botanical name   Wisteria sinensis
Height (m)   7.0
Perennial  
Nitrogen fixer  
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Moist
Flowers   Purple
Chilean guava, NZ cranberry, strawberry myrtle

Chilean guava, NZ cranberry, strawberry myrtle

Details   Upright abundantly branched evergreen shrub. 2-3cm glossy dark green leaves, flowers pinkish-white. Fruits dark purple then blue-black, juicy, fragrant, good flavour
Common name   Chilean guava, NZ cranberry, strawberry myrtle
Botanical name   Myrtus ugni / Ugni molinae
Family   Myrtaceae
Height (m)   1.7
Edible  
Fruit / berries  
Date   August 09, 2013
Wind tolerance   High
Shade / Sun   Full sun
Soil type   Well drained, Moist
Flowers   pink, white

Sweet Bay Tree, Bay Laurel, Bay Leaf

Common name   Sweet Bay Tree, Bay Laurel, Bay Leaf
Date   July 15, 2013
Details   This is the true "Laurel" of the ancients now grown for its aromatic foliage - used in cooking - and, as it stands clipping well, for formal use outside hotel entrances and the like. Good hedging plant and hardy throughout the British Isles.
Family   Lauraceae
Botanical name   Laurus nobilis
Perennial  
White Alyssum

White Alyssum

Common name   White Alyssum
Date   July 09, 2013
Botanical name   Lobularia maritima benthamii

Bladder Senna

Common name   Bladder Senna
Date   July 08, 2013
Details   Easily grown shrub with bright yellow flowers produced throughout the summer, followed by large, inflated seed pods.
Family   Leguminosae/Fabaceae
Flowers   June, July, August
Botanical name   Colutea arborescens
Nitrogen fixer  
Perennial  

Wildflowers of the British Isles

Common name   Wildflowers of the British Isles
Date   July 04, 2013
Details   Contains annual wild flowers that are now rare or declining in the wild, this is a delightful Special Cornfield Mixture, containing such lovely items as Cornflower, Night-flowering Catchfly, Corn Cockle and, no cornfield would be complete without it, the Common Poppy! It is intended to be used to cover just a small patch in an average English garden. General comment: Germination of any wild flower is often slow and unpredictable and, due to the losses that can be expected from direct outdoor sowings, the best way of achieving a "naturalised" area is to sow individual pots of wild flowers with some suitable protection. After germination and hardening off, the young plants can then be planted in their final positions where they are to flower where they will then hopefully naturalise themselves and encourage other wildlife.
Botanical name   Wild Flower 5 - Cornfield Special Mixture
Perennial  

Quince - Orokonui

Details   Small, yellow skin. Tree semi - Vigorous.
Common name   Quince - Orokonui
Botanical name   Cydonia oblonga
Family   Rosaceae
Height (m)   4.0
Edible  
Date   August 06, 2013
Soil type   Moist

Marlborough weeping broom

Common name   Marlborough weeping broom
Date   August 04, 2013
Details   Eastern Marlborough high on Seaward Kaikoura Range. Tall shrub with upright branches, topped by a canopy of weeping grey leafless branchlets. In December large hanging clusters of 10mm mauve flowers. Fixes nitrogen.
Height (m)   4.0
Botanical name   Chordospartium stevensonii

Gunnera

Colour   Red/Maroon
Common name   Gunnera
Date   July 02, 2013
Details   With little doubt, this must be the most majestic herbaceous plant hardy in the British Isles - like a giant Rhubarb, the leaves can grow to over 6 ft. across and be supported on stout, prickly stalks up to 8 ft. long. Although the individual reddish flowers are minute, they are borne in their countless thousands in club-shaped spikes, which can themselves be 6 ft. or so tall. They are particularly happy in moist ground. Labour-saving - half a dozen of these in your garden and you wouldn't have to lift a finger for most of the year! Hardy throughout the British Isles. 10 ft.
Family   Haloragidaceae
Botanical name   Gunnera manicata
Perennial  
Parsnip

Parsnip

Details   Parsnips are grown for their fleshy, edible cream-colored taproots.
Common name   Parsnip
Botanical name   Pastinaca sativa
Variety   Hollow crown?
Family   Apiaceae
Seeds / nuts / tubers  
Edible  
Plantain

Plantain

Details   A deep rooted pasture herb
(Sowing Rates: Mixed: 500 grams to 1.5 kgs per ha)
Common name   Plantain
Botanical name   Plantago major
Variety   Endurance
Family   Plantaginaceae
Date   August 08, 2013
Demand white clover

Demand white clover

Details   Dense stoloniferous and persistence clover type with good winter hardiness and improved winter, spring production. Small- Medium Leafed
Common name   White Clover
Botanical name   Trifolium repens
Variety   Demand
Family   Fabaceae
Nitrogen fixer  
Date   August 08, 2013
Colour   White
Icon "Semi Winter Active" Lucerne

Icon "Semi Winter Active" Lucerne

Common name   Icon Lucerne
Botanical name   Medicago sativa
Variety   Icon
Family   Fabaceae
Evergreen  
Nitrogen fixer  
Date   August 08, 2013
Oranges

Oranges

Details   Somehow we are able to grow oranges out doors without cover. There is good wind protection in place and I have been mulching and fertilising regularly with seaweed and pig manure. The tree looks a lot better and the fruit has improved dramatically as a result.
Evergreen  
Edible  
Flowers  
Frost sensitive  
Fruit / berries  
Height (m)   1
Tags     orange  citrus 
Data best viewed on a wide screen device
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NameDrought toleranceEdibleEvergreenForest layerFrost sensitiveFruit / berriesJugulone toleranceNitrogen fixerPerennialPropagation methodSeeds / nuts / tubers 
Chinese haw
noyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyesno
Fennel Seeds
noyesnoherbaceousnonononoyesyes
Watch Learn More Only 4 in stock   Order
Foxglove Seeds
nononoherbaceousnononononono
Tree Mallow
yesnoyesshrubnononononono
MacVerna Plum
noyesnocanopynoyesnonoyesno
Luisa Plum
noyesnocanopynoyesnonoyesno
Shiro Plum
noyesnocanopynoyesnonoyesno
Sunflower Seeds
noyesnonononononosow directyes
Watch Learn More Out of stock
Globe Artichoke
noyesnoherbaceousnonononoyesno
Watch Out of stock
Empress tree
nononocanopynonononoyessow pot / trayno
Oak Leaved Papaya
nononolow-treenononononono
Babaco
noyesyeslow-treeyesyesnonoyescuttingno
Teasel
nononoherbaceousnononononosow directno
Elaeagnus multiflora
yesyesnolow-treenoyesyesyesyessow pot / trayno
Acacia suaveolens
nononoshrubnononoyesnono
American cranberry bush
nononoshrubnoyesyesnonono
Senna multiglandulosa
nonoyeslow-treeyesnonoyesyessow pot / trayyes
Radium Weed
nononoherbaceousnononononono
Purple toadflax
nononoherbaceousnonononoyesno
Apple Rose
noyesyesshrubnoyesnonoyesno
Black Chokeberry
noyesnoshrubnoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
False Indigo
yesnonolow-treenononoyesyesno
Tree onion
noyesnorhizospherenonononoyesno
Broadleaved dock
nonononononononono
Comfrey
nononorhizospherenonononoyesdivisionno
Pentaglottis sempervirens
yesnoyesherbaceousnonononoyesno
Perennial multiplying leeks
noyesnoherbaceousnonononoyesno
Clavulina rugosa - edible fungi
nonononononononono
Feijoa
yesyesyesshrubnoyesnonoyesgraftno
Silver wattle
yesnoyesnononoyesnono
Shining gum
nonoyesnononononono
Lathyrus odoratus
yesnonoverticalnononoyesnono
Siberian Pea Shrub
yesyesyesshrubnononoyesyessow pot / trayyes
Chaste tree
nononoshrubnonononoyesno
Citrus
noyesyeslow-treeyesnononoyesno
Chinese dogwood
noyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyesno
Australian Indigo
yesnoyesshrubnononoyesyesno
Elaeagnus pungens
yesyesyesshrubnoyesnoyesyesno
Elaeagnus x ebbingei
yesyesyesshrubnoyesnoyesyesno
Horopito
noyesnolow-treeyesnononoyesno
French Sorrel
noyesnoherbaceousnonononoyesno
Laburnum
yesnonolow-treenononoyesyessow pot / trayno
Kowhai
yesnoyescanopynononoyesnosow pot / trayno
Asimina triloba
noyesnolow-treenoyesyesnoyessow pot / trayno
Staghorn sumac
yesnonolow-treenonoyesnonosow pot / trayno
Black locust
yesnonocanopynonoyesyesnosow pot / trayyes
Italian Alder
yesnononononoyesnono
Titoki
nonoyeslow-treeyesnononoyesno
European hazelnut
nononolow-treenonoyesnonosow pot / trayyes
June Berry, Western Service Berry, Saskatoon
noyesnoshrubnoyesnonoyesno
Sweet Chestnut
noyesnocanopynononononograftyes
Psoralea Pinnata
yesnoyeslow-treenononoyesyessow pot / trayno
Thornless Honey Locust
yesnonocanopynononoyesyessow pot / trayno
Jujube
yesyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyesno
Red cherry / strawberry guava
noyesyesshrubnoyesnonoyesno
Pear (Pyrus communis)
noyesnolow-treenoyesnononograftno
Anemanthele lessoniana / oryzopsis rigida
yesnonoherbaceousnonononoyesdivisionno
Purple Coral Pea Shrub
yesnoyesverticalnononoyesyescuttingno
Soap nut
nononocanopyyesnonononoyes
Flame vine
nonoyesverticalyesnononoyesno
Tree medick
nonoyesshrubyesnonoyesyessow pot / trayno
Virgilia divaricata
yesnoyesnononoyesyessow pot / trayno
Bougainvillea
nonoyesverticalnonononoyesno
Bay Tree
noyesyeslow-treenonononoyesno
Acacia
nonoyesnononoyesyessow pot / trayno
Cornelian Cherry
noyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyesno
Jerusalem Artichoke
noyesnorhizospherenonononoyestubersyes
Guava - Cherry Yellow Cherry
noyesyeslow-treeyesyesnonoyesno
Pyrus x bretschneideri
yesyesnocanopynoyesnononono
Olive
yesyesyeslow-treenoyesnononono
Nashi
noyesnolow-treenononononono
Peruvian Pepper
noyesyeslow-treenonononoyessow pot / trayyes
Japanese Chinquapin
noyesyescanopynonononoyesyes
Kiwifruit
noyesnoverticalyesyesnonoyesno
Blood Navel Orange
noyesyeslow-treeyesyesnononono
Arbutus unedo
noyesyeslow-treenoyesnonoyesno
Kakabeak
nonoyesshrubyesnonoyesyessow pot / trayno
Turkey Tail Mushroom
noyesnonononononono
Pecan
noyesnocanopynonononoyesyes
Judas Tree
yesnonolow-treenononoyesyessow pot / trayyes
Chinese licorice
noyesnorhizospherenononoyesyesyes
Maximillian Sunflower
nononoherbaceousnonononoyessow pot / trayyes
Butterfly weed
nononoherbaceousnonononoyessow pot / trayno
Creeping Raspberry
yesyesyesground covernoyesnonoyesdivisionno
Alpine Strawberry
noyesyesground covernoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Male Bamboo
yesyesnorhizospherenonononoyesdivisionno
Moso / Chinese timber Bamboo
noyesnoverticalnonononoyesdivisionno
Elderberry
noyesnolow-treenoyesnononono
Rhubarb
noyesnoherbaceousnonononoyesdivisionno
Chinese water chestnuts
noyesnorhizosphereyesnononoyestubersyes
Vietnamese coriander
noyesyesherbaceousyesnononoyesno
Pineapple sage
noyesnoshrubyesnononoyescuttingno
Small Leaved Lime, Littleleaf linden
noyesnocanopynonononoyesno
Evergreen laburnum
nonoyesshrubnononoyesyesno
Golden Rain Tree
noyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Chinese Yellow Wood
nononolow-treenononoyesnono
Silk tree
yesnonolow-treenononoyesnosow pot / trayyes
Tree Lucerne, Tagasaste
yesnoyeslow-treeyesnonoyesyessow pot / trayyes
Goji berry
noyesnoshrubnoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Chaenomeles japonica
noyesnoshrubnoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
New Jersey Tea
nononoherbaceousnononoyesyessow pot / trayno
Liquorice
noyesnoherbaceousnononoyesyessow pot / trayno
Fig
yesyesnolow-treenoyesnononono
Japanese Raisin Tree
noyesnolow-treenonononoyesno
Sea berry
yesyesnolow-treenoyesnoyesyessow pot / trayno
Green Tea
nonoyesshrubnonononoyesno
Crimson clover
nononoherbaceousnononoyesnosow directno
Phacelia
nononoherbaceousnononononosow directno
Coprosma
yesyesyesshrubnoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Asiatic sweetleaf/Sapphire berry
noyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyesno
Foamflower
nonoyesground covernonononoyesno
Yellow Loosestrife
nononoherbaceousnonononoyesno
Ajuga
nonoyesground covernonononoyesno
Cape broom
yesnoyesshrubnononoyesyessow directyes
Good king henry
noyesyesherbaceousnonononoyesdivisionno
Italian Stone pine
yesyesyesnononononoyes
Walnut
nononocanopynononononosow pot / trayyes
Plum
noyesnolow-treenononononono
Blueberry
noyesyesshrubnoyesnonoyescuttingno
Black Mulberry
noyesnolow-treenoyesnononono
Arizonica
nonoyescanopynonononoyesyes
Akeake
yesnoyeslow-treenononononono
Peach
noyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Sweet Cherry
noyesnocanopynoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Chinese Persimmon
noyesnononononoyesno
Asparagus
noyesnoherbaceousyesnonononodivisionno
Apricot
noyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyesgraftno
Blue lupin
nononoherbaceousnononoyesnosow directno
Mountain Paw Paw
noyesnolow-treenononononono
Osage Orange
nononocanopynononononosow pot / trayno
Grape
yesyesnoverticalnoyesnonoyescuttingno
New Zealand Flax
nonoyesshrubnononononodivisionno
Cabbage Tree
nononolow-treenononononono
Apple
noyesnolow-treenoyesnononograftno
Almond
noyesnolow-treenononononograftyes
Hardy kiwi, Tara Vine
noyesnoverticalnoyesnonoyesno
Earthnut Pea
noyesnoground covernononoyesyessow pot / trayyes
Liquorice
noyesnorhizospherenononoyesyessow pot / trayyes
Black tomato
noyesnoherbaceousyesyesnononosow directno
spring vetchling or spring pea
nononoherbaceousnononoyesyessow pot / trayno
Oleaster, Russian Olive
noyesnolow-treenoyesnoyesyessow pot / trayno
Thai Ginger
noyesnorhizosphereyesnononoyesdivisionno
Loquat, Japanese Medlar
noyesyeslow-treenoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Carob
nonoyescanopynononoyesyessow pot / trayyes
Hybrid witch hazel
nononoshrubnononononono
Flowering ash
yesnononononononono
Golden rain tree
nonononononononono
Green flowered hellebore
nononoground covernononononono
Japanese white birch
nonononononononono
Broad-leaved hickory
nonoyesnononononono
South African tree heath
nononoshrubnononononono
Winter Sweet
nonononononononono
Kobus magnolia
nonononononononono
NZ Toothed Lancewood
nonoyescanopynononononono
Fraqgrant epaulette tree
nonononononononono
Chinese sweet box
nonoyesnononononono
NZ Bronze Flax
nonoyesshrubnononononono
Photinia reb robin
nonoyeslow-treenononononono
Shagbark hickory
noyesnocanopynononononoyes
Red Alder
nononocanopynononoyesnono
Shantung Maple
nononocanopynononononono
Japanese maple
yesnonocanopynononononono
Himalayan cedar
yesnoyescanopynononononono
Fullmoon maple
nononocanopynononononono
Sugar maple
nononocanopynononononono
Butternut
noyesnocanopynononononoyes
Pear - Red Bartlett
noyesnolow-treenoyesnononono
Red Kidney Vetch
nononoground covernonononoyesno
Chinese Julian hackberry
nononolarge treenonoyesnonono
California mountain mahogany
nonononononoyesnono

nononoshrubnonononoyesno
Chinese wisteria
nonononononoyesyesno
Chilean guava, NZ cranberry, strawberry myrtle
noyesnoshrubnoyesnononono
Pink tree broom
nonononononononono
Sweet Bay Tree, Bay Laurel, Bay Leaf
nononotree, shrub, hedgingnonononoyesno
White Alyssum
nonononononononono
Bladder Senna
nononoshrubnononoyesyesno
Wildflowers of the British Isles
nononomixednonononoyesno
Quince - Orokonui
noyesnonononononono
Marlborough weeping broom
nononoshrubnononononono
Gunnera
nononononononoyesno
Parsnip
noyesnorhizospherenononononosow directyes
Plantain
nononoherbaceousnononononosow directno
Demand white clover
nononoground covernononoyesnosow directno
Icon "Semi Winter Active" Lucerne
nonoyesground covernononoyesnosow directno
Oranges
noyesyesshrubyesyesnononono