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Friends of blockhill
Forest garden broadcast

Plant species in the blockhill forest garden

Over the years we have introduced a large number of useful and practical plant species. Much of the information relating to these plants was obtained from pfaf.org

Asimina triloba

Asimina triloba

Common name  American PawpawLatin name  Asimina trilobaFamily  AnnonaceaeDetails  Native to north america, cold hardy fruit producerFlowers  MaroonHeight (m)  4.5Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Jugulone tolerance  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Shade - part shadeSoil type  Moist free drainingWind tolerance  LowPropigation method  Sow pot / traySource  subtropica

Staghorn sumac

Latin name  Rhus typhinaFamily  AnacardiaceaeDetails  Staghorn sumac is an ornamental plant which provides interest throughout the year; though its vigorous, suckering habit makes it unsuitable for smaller gardens. It can grow under a wide array of conditions, but is most often found in dry and poor soil on which other plants cannot survive.

Usually found in upland sites on rich soils, but it is also found in gravel and sandy nutrient-poor soils. It grows by streams and swamps, along roadsides, railway embankments and edges of woods
Diameter  6.00Forest layer  low-treeHeight (m)  5Drought tolerance  Jugulone tolerance  Propigation method  Sow pot / tray
Black locust

Black locust

Common name  Black locustLatin name  Robinia pseudoacaciaFamily  Fabaceae or LeguminosaeDetails  Fast growing thorny tree with ground durable timber.
All parts of the plant (except the flowers) and especially the bark, should be considered to be toxic. The toxins are destroyed by heat.
Flowers  WhiteDiameter  15.00Height (m)  25Forest layer  canopyDrought tolerance  Jugulone tolerance  Nitrogen fixer  Seeds / nuts / tubers  Shade / Sun  Full sunWind tolerance  ModeratePropigation method  Sow pot / tray
Foxglove

Foxglove

Latin name  Digitalis purpureaTags    biennial  flower  bees  Price  $3.90tea spoon of seedFamily  PlantaginaceaeForest layer  herbaceous
Currently out of stock
Fennel

Fennel

Latin name  Foeniculum vulgareDetails  Super easy to grow requiring no care or attention. Grown as part of our food forest conversion process for transitioning from grass.
  • Produces a lot of biomass in a season.
  • Deep root system for soil stabilisation and building via organic mater injection.
  • Flowers loved by beneficial insects.
  • Seeds harden in autumn and can be used for tea or left to feed the birds and self seed.
Edible  Perennial  Seeds / nuts / tubers  Price  $3.90100 seedsForest layer  herbaceous
Only 10 in stock OrderRead More
Apple Rose

Apple Rose

Common name  Ramanas Rose, Apple RoseLatin name  Rosa rugosaFamily  RosaceaeDetails  A vigorous, perpetual-flowering shrub rose with single, wonderfully fragrant flowers, followed by orange-red, fruits high in vitamin C. Useful for hedges. Thorns straight, not hooked.Flowers  June, July, August, SeptemberDate  July 17, 2013Diameter  2.00Forest layer  shrubHeight (m)  2Edible  Evergreen  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Source  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Babaco

Babaco

Common name  Babaco, Mountain Papaya, Champagne FruitLatin name  Carica x heilborniiDetails  Grown under plastic. Produces large, yellow fruit pentagonal in cross-section. Easily propagated from stem cuttings.Variety  PentagonaFlowers  Small whiteDiameter  1.00Height (m)  2Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Evergreen  Frost sensitive  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  Rich, free drainingWind tolerance  Low (large leaves)Tags    exotic  sub-tropical  fruit  Propigation method  CuttingRating  
  • Currently 4/5 Stars.
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Tree onion

Tree onion

Common name  Topsetting onions, walking onions, or Egyptian onionLatin name  Allium × proliferumDetails  

While similar to common 'regular' onions, the Egyption walking tree onion produces a cluster of bulbs, both under the ground as well as at various locations up the stem. Rather than reproducing via seed, this plant can be cultivated simply by planting the small bulblets that form in the air.

At the end of the plan's life, if not harvested, the stems with aerial bulblets fall over, touching the ground and eventually taking root and forming new plants. This is how the onion 'walks'.

Starting plants from a bulb hundreds of times bigger than the actual seed gives it a much stronger start in life, allowing it to grow in more competitive situations, even allowing it to push up through quite thick mulch.

The edible part of the onion, the bulbs from under the ground, are much like shallots, being stronger in flavour and more elongated in shape compared to the more conventional onions most people are familiar with.

Forest layer  rhizosphereEdible  Perennial  
Kowhai

Kowhai

Latin name  Sophora tetrapteraDetails  Small leguminous tree with attractive fern-like foliage. Tangled juvenile stage leads to a stately adult tree.
Flowers profusely from September - November. Nectar is very attractive to birds, but can be toxic to honey bees.
Semi-deciduous. Hardy to cold and wind.
New Zealand native
Flowers  YellowDiameter  3.00Forest layer  canopyHeight (m)  8Drought tolerance  Evergreen  Nitrogen fixer  Shade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeWind tolerance  HighPropigation method  Sow pot / tray

Italian Alder

Common name  Italian AlderLatin name  Alnus CordataFamily  BetulaceaeDetails  Fast, deep-rooted, nitrogen-fixing tree.  Moderate drought tolerance.  Trims well, excellent shelter for native under-story. Popular for horticultural shelterbelts and soil conservation on hill country. Roots penetrate deeply and so do not spread sideways into valuable crops.
Deciduous. Holds leaves from September to June.  Cold hardy after first season.
Space at 1.5-4m centres for shelter.
Date  July 06, 2010Height (m)  25Drought tolerance  Nitrogen fixer  Shade / Sun  Full sunWind tolerance  ModerateTags    Shelter  Ornamental  Fuel  Timber  Coppice  Erosion Control  Attractive  Ground Durable  Non-poisonous  Source  Appletons, Southernwoods

Titoki

Common name  Titoki (Maori), New Zealand oakLatin name  Alectryon excelsusFamily  SapindaceaeDetails  A shiny-leaved tree native to New Zealand, where it occurs in coastal and lowland forests. It is found throughout most of the North Island and from Banks Peninsula to central Westland in the South Island.

The colourful seed is initially contained in a hairy woody capsule which splits revealing bright red and black unpalatable fruit (the black portion being the seed).

Likely to grow anywhere from lowland forest areas and exposed coastal area sites along with sandy plains.[2] In sandy plains, Alectryon excelsus is often paired with Beilschmiedia tawa (tawa).

This tree likes to grow in the places that have a lot of water such as wetlands.[3] Titoki tree gravitates towards moist soil which contains many nutrients for growth along with fertile alluvial and sandy soils.[2] The location characteristics best suited for this tree are as followed: ‘fertile, well-drained soils along riverbanks and associated terraces'.[6] The plant can grow in conditions from semi-shade to full sun.[4]
Flowers  purple smallDiameter  1.00Forest layer  low-treeHeight (m)  9Evergreen  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Part sun - full shadeSoil type  Free draining
European hazelnut

European hazelnut

Latin name  Corylus avellanaFamily  BetulaceaeDetails  Broadly columnar, deciduous. Very edible hazel nuts in March with yellow autumn leaves in April. Make great windbreaks yielding nuts, small poles and rods. Coppice readily.
Wind pollinated (not self fertile)
Frost hardy
Diameter  3.00Height (m)  5Forest layer  low-treeJugulone tolerance  Seeds / nuts / tubers  Soil type  Most (prefers moist)Wind tolerance  HighTags    nuts  Propigation method  Sow pot / tray
June Berry, Western Service Berry, Saskatoon

June Berry, Western Service Berry, Saskatoon

Common name  June Berry, Western Service BerryLatin name  Amelanchier alnifoliaDetails  A medium-sized shrub laden in spring with masses of ragged white flowers followed by black berries.Family  RosaceaeColour  White CreamFlowers  AprilDate  July 01, 2013Forest layer  shrubHeight (m)  4Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Part shadeSource  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Globe Artichoke

Globe Artichoke

Latin name  Cynara cardunculus var. scolymusDetails  The globe artichoke is a variety of a species of large thistle cultivated as a food. The edible matter is buds that form within the flower heads before the flowers come into bloom.Edible  Perennial  Tags    perennial  shrub  vegetable  Price  $3.9020 seedsForest layer  herbaceous
Currently out of stock Read More
Laburnum

Laburnum

Common name  Golden chain or golden rain treeDetails  Yellow pea-flowers in pendulous leafless racemes 10–40 cm (4–15.5 in) long in spring, which makes them very popular garden trees.

All parts of the plant are poisonous, although mortality is very rare. Symptoms of laburnum poisoning may include intense sleepiness, vomiting, convulsive movements, coma, slight frothing at the mouth and unequally dilated pupils.
Family  FabaceaeFlowers  YellowDiameter  6.00Forest layer  low-treeHeight (m)  6Drought tolerance  Nitrogen fixer  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Full sun / part shadeSoil type  MostWind tolerance  GoodTags    perennial  tree  legume  hardy  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayPrice  $3.9030 seeds
Only 3 in stock BuyRead More
Sunflower

Sunflower

Colour  YellowPropigation method  Sow directLatin name  Helianthus annuusDetails  This easy to grow plant will produce a single large yellow flower 1 to 2 meters above the ground.
  • Plant climbing beans amongst the sunflowers when they are a meter high, the beans will climb the stem
  • The seeds ripen in April and can be fed directly to chickens or left for birds
  • Can get blown over by strong wind
Edible  Seeds / nuts / tubers  Tags    annual  flower  bees  seeds  Price  $3.9030 seeds
Sweet Chestnut

Sweet Chestnut

Variety  HybridLatin name  Castanea Sativa/CrenataFamily  FagaceaeDetails  Chestnuts are very hardy deciduous trees of great beauty, highly productive and require little maintenance. Chestnuts should only be planted in free draining soils as they do not like wet feet. They thrive in warm sheltered sunny spots, in organically rich, moisture retentive but good draining soils. Chestnut 1005 has medium to large nuts of great quality and flavour (very sweet). It crops heavily and early in the season and is self fertile. Growth habit is compact, bushy (for a Chestnut).
SPANISH JAPANESE HYBRID
Forest layer  canopyHeight (m)  6 - 10mEdible  Seeds / nuts / tubers  Shade / Sun  Full sunPropigation method  GraftCommon name  Sweet Chestnut
Psoralea Pinnata

Psoralea Pinnata

Common name  fountain bush, penwortel, blue broom, Albany broom, African scurf pea, taylorina, blue psoralea, Dally pineLatin name  Psoralea PinnataFamily  FabaceaeDetails  Native to South Africa. Looking a little like rosemary.
Flowers October to December extremely attractive to bees.
Flowering is followed by the production of small pods, each of these contain a single dark brown seed.
Establishes in Gumlands, dry shrubland, coastline, estuaries, bush tracks, forest margins, and fernland, especially in warmer areas.
Will even persist under pines and wattles. It would seem that it can successfully compete with established trees in difficult wet areas.
Flowers  blue, white, pale purpleHeight (m)  1.5 - 4Forest layer  low-treeDrought tolerance  Evergreen  Nitrogen fixer  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Full sun to part shadeSoil type  Prefers dampWind tolerance  GoodTags    legume  nitrogen  succession  Propigation method  Sow pot / traySource  Kaikoura
Citrus

Citrus

Details  A family of tropical to subtropical fruiting trees and shrubsFlowers  WhiteForest layer  low-treeEdible  Evergreen  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Part sun - full shadeSoil type  Light to heavy well drained
Thornless Honey Locust

Thornless Honey Locust

Latin name  Gleditsia triacanthos f.inermisFamily  Thornless Honey LocustDetails  A very elegant spreading tree with bright green fern-like leaves. Excellent shade and autumn colour tree. Fixes nitrogen and the edible seed pods are valued for stock fodder. Thrives in the heat and dry. Thornless. Deciduous. Hardy.Forest layer  canopyDiameter  11.00Height (m)  20Drought tolerance  Nitrogen fixer  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / tray
Jujube

Jujube

Common name  Jujube, Red date, Chinese date, Korean date, Indian dateLatin name  Ziziphus jujubaFamily  RhamnaceaeDetails  Fast growing hardy tree, self fertile. Tolerates dry conditions
Minimal maintenance once established

Forest layer  low-treeHeight (m)  10Drought tolerance  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Shade / Sun  No ShadeSoil type  Light to heavy well drained
Red cherry / strawberry guava

Red cherry / strawberry guava

Common name  Red cherry / strawberry guavaLatin name  Psidium cattleianumForest layer  shrubHeight (m)  6Edible  Evergreen  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Full sun
Chinese haw

Chinese haw

Common name  Chinese hawLatin name  Crataegus pinnatifidaFamily  RosaceaeDetails  Broadly spreading, deciduous. Thorns not numerous. Leaves glossy and yellow in the autumn. Grown widely in China for its edible red fruits.Forest layer  low-treeHeight (m)  5.0Date  August 07, 2013Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Semi shade, Full sunSoil type  Moist, WetSource  Appletons
Feijoa

Feijoa

Common name  feijoa, pineapple guavaLatin name  Acca sellowianaFamily  MyrtaceaeForest layer  shrubDiameter  4.00Height (m)  4Flowers  PinkDrought tolerance  Edible  Evergreen  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Full sunPropigation method  GraftTags    hedge  autumn  fruit  Rating  
  • Currently 5/5 Stars.
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Pear (Pyrus communis)

Pear (Pyrus communis)

Common name  PearLatin name  Pyrus communisFamily  RosaceaeForest layer  low-treeHeight (m)  13Flowers  WhiteEdible  Fruit / berries  Shade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  Free drainingWind tolerance  ModeratePropigation method  Graft
Anemanthele lessoniana / oryzopsis rigida

Anemanthele lessoniana / oryzopsis rigida

Common name  goassamer grass, or New Zealand wind grass or pheasant's tail grassLatin name  Anemanthele lessonianaDetails  

Graceful grass tolerates moist or dry soils. A monotypic genus of grass indigenous to New Zealand. Thrives in both sun and shade. The grasses glossy green foliage turns to a coppery colour in the auntumn and sometimes stays through into winter depending on the dryness of the soil. Freely self-seeds and grows in 1 metre by 1 metre clumps with red airy flower stems appearing in spring. Further plants can be propagated by division in the middle of spring and the start of summer.

Forest layer  herbaceousDiameter  1.00Height (m)  1Drought tolerance  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Sun - shadeSoil type  MostPropigation method  Division
Purple Coral Pea Shrub

Purple Coral Pea Shrub

Common name  Purple Coral Pea ShrubLatin name  Hardenbergia violaceaFamily  FabaceaeForest layer  verticalHeight (m)  2Flowers  PurpleDrought tolerance  Evergreen  Nitrogen fixer  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  LightPropigation method  Cutting
False Indigo

False Indigo

Common name  desert false indigo, false indigo-bush, and bastard indigobushLatin name  Amorpha fruticosaFamily  Fabaceae or LeguminosaeDetails  Found wild in most of the contiguous United States, southeastern Canada, and northern Mexico and introduced to Europe. Asia and other continents. It is often cultivated as an ornamental plant. It has minor edible use and some additional uses including: Bedding; Dye; Insecticide; Oil; Repellent; Shelterbelt; and Soil stabilization.Forest layer  low-treeHeight (m)  5-6Flowers  PurpleDrought tolerance  Frost sensitive  Nitrogen fixer  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Part sun - full shadeSoil type  Light, well drainedWind tolerance  Tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure
Soap nut

Soap nut

Common name  Indian soap berry, washnutLatin name  Sapindus mukorossiFamily  SapindaceaeDetails  Grows in the lower foothills and midhills of the Himalayans to altitudes of 1200 meters. The soapnut contains the compound saponin, which has natural cleansing properties, and can be used as a cleanser for hair, skin, and clothing. Saponins are also useful as insecticides, such as for removing head liceForest layer  canopyHeight (m)  20Frost sensitive  Seeds / nuts / tubers  Shade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  most well-drained soil, nutritionally poor
Flame vine

Flame vine

Common name  Orange trumpetvineLatin name  Pyrostegia venustaDetails  Endemic to Brazil, but nowadays a well-known garden species. Stunning climber produces massive of brilliant orange flame blooms in winter till early spring. For best results train up a trellis, pergola or wall. Protect from frost when young.Forest layer  verticalDiameter  4.00Height (m)  4Flowers  OrangeEvergreen  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Full sun to part shadeSoil type  Free-draining soil rich in organic matterSource  a4dibbleplants.co.nz
Tree medick

Tree medick

Common name  moon trefoil, shrub medick, alfalfa arborea, and tree medickLatin name  Medicago arboreaFamily  FabaceaeDetails  Scrub and rocky hillsides in Europe - Mediterranean. Suited to Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade;
Root nodules observed on young seedlings when planting out
Forest layer  shrubDiameter  2.00Height (m)  2Flowers  YellowEvergreen  Frost sensitive  Nitrogen fixer  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostWind tolerance  MaritimePropigation method  Sow pot / traySource  David Bunn
Virgilia divaricata

Virgilia divaricata

Common name  blossom tree, amaqua treeLatin name  Virgilia divaricataFamily  FabaceaeDetails  Small to medium-sized trees, with a bushy, rounded to broadly conical growth habit with branches growing close to the ground. They are very fast-growing when young, attaining up to 1.3 m in a year, and reaching their full height in only a few years.Diameter  3.00Height (m)  8Flowers  PinkDrought tolerance  Evergreen  Nitrogen fixer  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeWind tolerance  MaritimePropigation method  Sow pot / tray

Bougainvillea

Forest layer  verticalEvergreen  Perennial  
Bay Tree

Bay Tree

Common name  Bay Tree, Sweet bay, Grecian Laurel, True LaurelLatin name  Laurus nobilisDetails  Leaves used dry or fresh as season for soups, stews etc.
Forest layer  low-treeDiameter  10.00Height (m)  12Flowers  YellowEdible  Evergreen  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  MostWind tolerance  Tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure

Acacia

Common name  wattle, mimosaFamily  FabaceaeDetails  A large genus of fast growing, evergreen, nitrogen fixing plants ranging in size from shrubs to canopy trees.
Main uses include firewood, timber, shelter and support
Flowers  YellowEvergreen  Nitrogen fixer  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / tray
Cornelian Cherry

Cornelian Cherry

Latin name  Cornus masFamily  CornaceaeDetails  Fruit - raw, dried or used in preserves. Juicy, with a nice acid flavour. The fully ripe fruit has a somewhat plum-like flavour and texture and is very nice eating, but the unripe fruit is rather astringent.
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Hedge;
Forest layer  low-treeDiameter  4.00Height (m)  5Flowers  YellowEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Sun to part shadeSoil type  Most types, prefers moist siteWind tolerance  Strong winds
Jerusalem Artichoke

Jerusalem Artichoke

Common name  sunroot, sunchoke, earth appleLatin name  Helianthus tuberosusFamily  Asteraceae or CompositaeDetails  Easy to grow, highly productive plant that needs little care or watering. Produces tall leafy stems above ground that can act as living support for climbing beans.
Masses of knobbly, edible tubers form below ground and can be harvested in late autumn - early winter when tops die off.
Eaten by pigs and chickens
Forest layer  rhizosphereDiameter  0.60Height (m)  2.4Flowers  YellowEdible  Perennial  Seeds / nuts / tubers  Soil type  MostWind tolerance  GoodPropigation method  Tubers
Chinese dogwood

Chinese dogwood

Common name  Chinese dogwoodLatin name  Cornus kousa chinensisFamily  CornaceaeDetails  Small, deciduous tree with pink edible fruits 4-5cm in diameter ripening in autumn.Harvest      Forest layer  low-treeHeight (m)  6.0Flowers  CreamDate  August 05, 2013Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Semi shade, Full sunSoil type  MoistWind tolerance  poorSource  Appletons
Guava - Cherry Yellow Cherry

Guava - Cherry Yellow Cherry

Latin name  Psidium cattleyanumFamily  MyrtaceaeDetails  

Fruit about 2.5cm round turning golden yellow when fully ripe. April - July. Aromatic, juicy with small edible seeds

Small tree from 2-4 metres. Can be moderately vigorous. Spreading habit. Prune for size or shape late autumn or early spring. Fruits on new seasons growth (reddish-bronze colour) prune before spring growth starts.

Self-fertile, pollinated by insects and birds.

Can tolerate costal conditions and some shade.
Harvest      Forest layer  low-treeHeight (m)  2 - 4Flowers  whiteEdible  Evergreen  Frost sensitive  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  free-draining rich in organic matter
Pyrus x bretschneideri

Pyrus x bretschneideri

Common name  Ya PearLatin name  Pyrus bretschneideriFamily  RosaceaeDetails  Very juicy, white to light yellow pears
Habitats Slopes, dry cold regions at elevations of 100 - 2000 metres
Range E. Asia - N. China.
Forest layer  canopyDiameter  5.00Height (m)  7Flowers  WhiteDrought tolerance  Edible  Fruit / berries  Shade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  MostSource  Appletons
Olive

Olive

Latin name  Olea europaeaDetails  Attractive fast growing tree. Clusters of white fluffy flowers in spring followed by fruit in autumn. Olives grow in most soils providing plenty of moisture during growing season and drainage. Fruit eaten by Kereru.Harvest      Forest layer  low-treeDiameter  3.00Height (m)  4Flowers  whiteDrought tolerance  Edible  Evergreen  Fruit / berries  Shade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostWind tolerance  Moderate
Nashi

Nashi

Common name  Asian pear, Chinese pear, Korean pear, Japanese pear, Taiwanese pear, sand pearDetails  A crisp, juicy and refreshing type of pear from Asia but grown in New Zealand since 1982.Edible  Family  RosaceaeFlowers  WhitreForest layer  low-treeLatin name  Pyrus pyrifolia
Comfrey

Comfrey

Latin name  Symphytum officinaleDetails  Fantastic companion plant for forest gardens. Chop and drop through spring and summer to nourish adjacent trees and improve soil quality.Diameter  1.00Height (m)  0.5Family  BoraginaceaePerennial  Forest layer  rhizospherePropigation method  DivisionShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadePrice  $5.903 root pieces
Peruvian Pepper

Peruvian Pepper

Common name  California Peppertree, Peruvian peppertreeLatin name  Schinus molleFamily  AnacardiaceaeHeight (m)  8Diameter  8.00Forest layer  low-treeSeeds / nuts / tubers  Evergreen  Edible  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / traySoil type  Most
Japanese Chinquapin

Japanese Chinquapin

Latin name  Castanopsis cuspidataHeight (m)  25Diameter  10.00Forest layer  canopySeeds / nuts / tubers  Evergreen  Edible  Perennial  Date  August 01, 2015Shade / Sun  Semi shadeSoil type  MostTags    nuts  evergreen 
Kiwifruit

Kiwifruit

Details  This vigorous climbing vine is doing well, growing on deer fence netting wrapped around big black plastic water tank. Male and female are plated north-east and north-west face of the tank.Common name  Kiwifruit, Chinese GooseberryLatin name  Actinidia deliciosaFamily  ActinidiaceaeForest layer  verticalEdible  Fruit / berries  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Date  September 01, 2012Shade / Sun  Full sun
Blood Navel Orange

Blood Navel Orange

Details  A mid season, low acid and virtually seedless blood navel orange. Raspberry-coloured flesh is sweet to taste, with subtle cherry undertones and extremely juicy.Date  November 26, 2014Common name  Cara CaraEdible  Evergreen  Flowers  whiteForest layer  low-treeFrost sensitive  Fruit / berries  Latin name  Citrus sinensisVariety  Cara Cara
Earth Gems

Earth Gems

Details  Ulluco is one of the most widely grown and economically important root crops in the Andean region of South America, second only to the potato. The major appeal of ulluco is its crisp texture which, like the jicama, remains even when cooked. Because of its high water content, ulluco is not suitable for frying or baking, but it can be cooked in many other ways like the potato.Latin name  UllucoFamily  BasellaceaeHeight (m)  0.3Forest layer  rhizosphereSeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  TubersShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  Most
Elaeagnus pungens

Elaeagnus pungens

Details  Found on sunny slopes, road sides and thickets in lowlands, usually below 1000 metres and especially by the sea
Origin -
E. Asia - China, Japan.
Common name  Elaeagnus, Thorny olive, Thorny Elaeagnus, Oleaster, Silverberry, Silverthorn, Pungent ElaeagnusLatin name  Elaeagnus pungensFamily  ElaeagnaceaeHeight (m)  4Diameter  4.00Forest layer  shrubEvergreen  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Wind tolerance  Maritime exposureShade / Sun  Full shade to full sunSoil type  Most
Elaeagnus x ebbingei

Elaeagnus x ebbingei

Latin name  Elaeagnus x ebbingeiFamily  ElaeagnaceaeHeight (m)  5Diameter  5.00Forest layer  shrubEvergreen  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Wind tolerance  Maritime exposureShade / Sun  Full shade to full sunSoil type  Most
Arbutus unedo

Arbutus unedo

Common name  Strawberry treeLatin name  Arbutus unedoFamily  EricaceaeHeight (m)  9Diameter  8.00Forest layer  low-treeEvergreen  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Wind tolerance  Maritime exposureShade / Sun  Full to part sunSoil type  Dry to moist
Elaeagnus multiflora

Elaeagnus multiflora

Details  All round great plant for most locations and food forest installationsCommon name  Goumi, Cherry silverberryLatin name  Elaeagnus multifloraFamily  ElaeagnaceaeHeight (m)  3Diameter  2.00Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Jugulone tolerance  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full to part sunSoil type  Most
Kakabeak

Kakabeak

Details  Grows in open, sunny, steep sites, often on rocky outcrops, slips, the bases of cliffs or edges of lakes and streams. It is a relatively short-lived plant, sometimes lasting 15-20 years.Latin name  ClianthusFamily  FabaceaeHeight (m)  2Diameter  1.50Forest layer  shrubEvergreen  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  SunFlowers  Red
Turkey Tail Mushroom

Turkey Tail Mushroom

Details  Turkey Tail Mushrooms have been used for hundreds of years in Asia, Europe, and by the indigenous peoples in North America for immunity and other benefits. This colourful, super-abundant mushroom grows on dead trees, logs, branches, and stumps.Latin name  Trametes versicolorFamily  PolyporaceaeEdible  Shade / Sun  Shade
Pecan

Pecan

Details  North American nut tree growing to 50 meters. Prefers sunny stream sidesCommon name  PecanLatin name  Carya illinoinensisFamily  JuglandaceaeHeight (m)  50Forest layer  canopySeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  Moist
Judas Tree

Judas Tree

Details  Hardy to -15CCommon name  Judas Tree, RedbudLatin name  Cercis siliquastrumFamily  LeguminosaeHeight (m)  12Diameter  10.00Forest layer  low-treeSeeds / nuts / tubers  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  Pink
Chinese licorice

Chinese licorice

Common name  Gan Cao, Chinese licoriceLatin name  Glycyrrhiza uralensisFamily  Fabaceae or LeguminosaeHeight (m)  0.4Diameter  0.60Forest layer  rhizosphereSeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Shade / Sun  Full sun - part shade
Maximillian Sunflower

Maximillian Sunflower

Common name  Maximillian Sunflower / DaisyLatin name  Helianthus maximilianiiHeight (m)  2.4Forest layer  herbaceousSeeds / nuts / tubers  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  Yellow
Butterfly weed

Butterfly weed

Details  A species of milkweed native to eastern North America. It is a perennial plant growing to 0.3–1 metre tall, with clustered orange or yellow flowers from early summer to early autumn.Common name  Pleurisy Root, Butterfly milkweed, Rolfs' milkweed, Indian PaintbrushLatin name  Asclepias tuberosaFamily  AsclepiadaceaeHeight (m)  0.31Diameter  0.50Forest layer  herbaceousPerennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeFlowers  OrangeTags    butterfly 
Creeping Raspberry

Creeping Raspberry

Details  A native of Taiwan, this spectacular, fast-growing, evergreen groundcover is from the same family as Strawberries and Raspberries.Common name  Creeping RaspberryLatin name  Rubus hayata-koidzumiiHeight (m)  0.3Forest layer  ground coverEvergreen  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  DivisionShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  Most
Alpine Strawberry

Alpine Strawberry

Common name  Alpine StrawberryLatin name  Fragaria vesca 'Semperflorens'Height (m)  0.3Diameter  0.30Forest layer  ground coverEvergreen  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  Moist free drainingFlowers  White
Male Bamboo

Male Bamboo

Details  A tropical to subtropical clumping species native to Southeast Asia. This bamboo is extensively used as a raw material in paper mills and has edible shoots.Common name  Male Bamboo, Solid Bamboo or Calcutta BambooLatin name  Dendrocalamus strictusHeight (m)  8-20Forest layer  rhizosphereEdible  Perennial  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  Division
Moso / Chinese timber Bamboo

Moso / Chinese timber Bamboo

Details  Cold hardy bamboo with large diameter stemsLatin name  Phyllostachys edulisHeight (m)  28Forest layer  verticalEdible  Perennial  Propigation method  Division
Elderberry

Elderberry

Details  Fast growing multi stemmed small tree with flat clusters of small white flowers in late spring.Common name  Elderberry - European ElderLatin name  Sambucus nigraFamily  CaprifoliaceaeHeight (m)  6Diameter  6.00Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Wind tolerance  LowShade / Sun  Full sun - ShadeSoil type  MostFlowers  White
Empress tree

Empress tree

Details  This truly spectacular tree produces large, pale mauve "foxglove" flowers on naked branches in early spring, the large, dinner-plate-sized, soft furry leaves appearing later. If cut to the ground in spring, enormous leaves develop on the shoots sprouting from the soil.Common name  empress tree, princess tree, foxglove tree, or kiriLatin name  Paulownia tomentosaFamily  ScrophulariaceaeHeight (m)  3.0Forest layer  canopyPerennial  Date  July 23, 2013Propigation method  Sow pot / traySource  http://www.plant-world-seeds.com
Rhubarb

Rhubarb

Details  The stems of this easy to grow perennial can be used as a fruit or vegetable.Latin name  Rheum rhabarbarumFamily  PolygonaceaeHeight (m)  0.5Diameter  1.00Forest layer  herbaceousEdible  Perennial  Propigation method  DivisionShade / Sun  Full sun, Partial shade
Chinese water chestnuts

Chinese water chestnuts

Details  The water chestnut is actually not a nut at all, but an aquatic vegetable that grows in marshes, underwater in the mud.Common name  Chinese water chestnutsLatin name  Eleocharis dulcisFamily  CyperaceaeHeight (m)  1Forest layer  rhizosphereSeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Propigation method  TubersSoil type  Submerged in water
Vietnamese coriander

Vietnamese coriander

Details  Leaves are used in Southeast Asian cooking. A perennial plant that grows best in tropical and subtropical zones in warm and damp conditions. In advantageous conditions, it can grow up to 15–30 cmCommon name  Vietnamese coriander, Vietnamese mint, Vietnamese cilantro, Cambodian mintLatin name  Persicaria odorataFamily  PolygonaceaeHeight (m)  0.3Diameter  1.00Forest layer  herbaceousEvergreen  Edible  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Soil type  Moist
Pineapple sage

Pineapple sage

Details  Tubular red flowers and an attractive scent to the leaves that is similar to pineapple. It produces numerous erect leafy stems and flowers in the late autumn. Native to highland temperate forest in central Mexico. In cultivation, Pineapple sage grows to 1.2m tall, with the roots extending underground to form a large clump.Common name  Pineapple sage, tangerine sageLatin name  Salvia elegansHeight (m)  1.5Diameter  1.00Forest layer  shrubEdible  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Propigation method  CuttingShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MoistFlowers  Red
Small Leaved Lime, Littleleaf linden

Small Leaved Lime, Littleleaf linden

Details  Young leaves make an excellent salad or sandwich filling. Coppice or pollard trees to maintain a manageable sizeLatin name  Tilia cordataHeight (m)  30Diameter  12.00Forest layer  canopyEdible  Perennial  Wind tolerance  Tolerate exposureCarbon Equivalent  1.00Source  Appletons
Evergreen laburnum

Evergreen laburnum

Details  This Himalayan shrub is evergreen in mild sheltered sites, semi-evergreen elsewhere, losing its leaves in hard frost but soon recovering again in spring. The growth is upright and flexible, allowing plants to be trained on warm walls where they are sheltered and flower more profusely. The blooms are large and bright yellow, like those of laburnum but in short upright clusters. Although good drainage is important, make sure plants are watered in summer to prevent sudden die-back.Latin name  Piptanthus nepalensisHeight (m)  2.5Diameter  2.00Forest layer  shrubEvergreen  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Shade / Sun  Full sun, Partial shadeFlowers  Yellow
Golden Rain Tree

Golden Rain Tree

Details  China and Korea. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Long pinnate leaves, yellow and orange in autumn. Small yellow flowers in large panicles followed by papery triangular capsules. Both make a good display. Suit hot dry sites.Common name  Golden Rain TreeLatin name  Koelreuteria paniculataHeight (m)  5-10Diameter  3.00Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  GoodShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  YellowSource  Appletons

Chinese Yellow Wood

Details  Broadly spreading, deciduous. New growth silvery blue-grey, very hardy. Creamy white pea-like flowers in dense erect clusters. A legume, fixes nitrogen from the air. Rare in NZCommon name  Chinese Yellow WoodLatin name  Maackia AmurensisHeight (m)  6Diameter  6.00Forest layer  low-treeNitrogen fixer  Date  July 10, 2010Wind tolerance  LowShade / Sun  Full sunSource  Appletons
Silk tree

Silk tree

Details  Broadly spreading, deciduous. Often flat topped,late into leaf. Dark pink flowers on top of the leaves in January. The small leaflets of the compound leaves quickly disintegrate after leaf fall. Drought & heat tolerant.Common name  Silk tree, Persian silk tree, pink silk treeLatin name  Albizia julibrissin roseaHeight (m)  10Diameter  12.00Forest layer  low-treeSeeds / nuts / tubers  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Date  July 02, 2012Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  PinkSource  Appletons
Tree Lucerne, Tagasaste

Tree Lucerne, Tagasaste

Details  A wide spreading, tall, deciduous shrub. Vigorous growth, leaves and white flowers in spring eaten by native pigeons (krereru). Foliage can be cut for grazing stock in droughts and for use as mulch material. Fixes nitrogen. Can be killed by severe frosts.Common name  Tree Lucerne, TagasasteLatin name  Chamaecytisus PalmensisFamily  FabaceaeHeight (m)  4Diameter  3.00Forest layer  low-treeSeeds / nuts / tubers  Evergreen  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Date  July 04, 2012Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  MostFlowers  WhiteSource  Appletons, Wild seedRating  
  • Currently 5/5 Stars.
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Goji berry

Goji berry

Details  One of the so called super fruits because of all the good minerals and vitamins it contains.Common name  Goji, Box Thorn, Matrimony vineLatin name  Lycium barbarumFamily  SolanaceaeHeight (m)  2.5Diameter  4.00Forest layer  shrubEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  Tolerate maritime exposureShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  Moist free draining
Teasel

Teasel

Common name  Teasel, Fuller's teaselLatin name  Dipsacus fullonumFamily  DipsacaceaeHeight (m)  1.8Diameter  1.00Forest layer  herbaceousPropigation method  Sow directWind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  MostCarbon Equivalent  1.00
Chaenomeles japonica

Chaenomeles japonica

Common name  Dwarf Quince, Maule's quince, Japanese Flowering QuinceLatin name  Chaenomeles japonicaFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  1Diameter  2.00Forest layer  shrubEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  MostFlowers  PinkSource  Leithfield beach
New Jersey Tea

New Jersey Tea

Details  Deciduous shrub growing in dry woods and on gravelly banks, often on sandstone or limestone bluffsCommon name  New Jersey Tea, Wild SnowballLatin name  Ceanothus americanusFamily  RhamnaceaeHeight (m)  1.2Diameter  1.00Forest layer  herbaceousPerennial  Nitrogen fixer  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  White
Liquorice

Liquorice

Common name  Liquorice, Cultivated licoriceLatin name  Glycyrrhiza glabraFamily  Fabaceae or LeguminosaeHeight (m)  1.2Diameter  1.00Forest layer  herbaceousEdible  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sun - part shade
Black Chokeberry

Black Chokeberry

Details  Aronia is a genus of deciduous shrubs, the chokeberries, in the family Rosaceae, native to eastern North America and most commonly found in wet woods and swamps.Common name  Black Chokeberry, Black Berried AroniaLatin name  Aronia melanocarpaFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  2.5Diameter  3.00Forest layer  shrubEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full sun - part shade
Fig

Fig

Details  Medium rate growth, self fertile.Common name  FigLatin name  Ficus caricaFamily  MoraceaeHeight (m)  6Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Drought tolerance  Shade / Sun  No ShadeSoil type  Dry, Rocky
Japanese Raisin Tree

Japanese Raisin Tree

Details  A deciduous Tree growing to 10 m by 7 m. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender.Common name  Japanese Raisin TreeLatin name  Hovenia dulcisFamily  RhamnaceaeHeight (m)  10Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Perennial  Date  July 14, 2013Flowers  June, JulySource  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Sea berry

Sea berry

Details  Nitrogen fixing small tree with thorns producing copious small berries born directly on branches. High in vitimins. Hardy, wind and drought tolerant.Common name  Sea Buckthorn, SeaberryLatin name  Hippophae rhamnoidesFamily  ElaeagnaceaeHeight (m)  6Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  Most
Green Tea

Green Tea

Details  The leaves are infused in hot water and used as the drink that is commonly known as tea. It is widely drunk in many areas of the world. Green tea is made from the steamed and dried leaves.Latin name  Camellia SinensisFamily  TheaceaeHeight (m)  2Forest layer  shrubEvergreen  Perennial  Date  June 29, 2013Tags    Tea  Colour  WhiteSource  Trademe
Crimson clover

Crimson clover

Details  Multipurpose nitrogen fixing legume and beneficial insect plant. Sow late summer for rapid bulky upright growth. It goes dormant in the cold of winter before resuming growth in spring up to 1m high and sporting a striking crimson bloom in early summer. Chop and dig in prior to flowering or leave for a valuable nectar rich food supply for bees and beneficial insects.Common name  Crimson cloverLatin name  Trifolium incarnatumHeight (m)  1Forest layer  herbaceousNitrogen fixer  Propigation method  Sow directShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  MostFlowers  RedSource  Kings Seed
Senna multiglandulosa

Senna multiglandulosa

Details  Senna multiglandulosa is a species of flowering plant in the legume family known by several common names, including glandular senna, downy senna, and buttercup bush. It is native to Mexico, Guatemala, and western parts of South America, but it is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant and in some areas of the world has become naturalized in the wild. In some places it is considered a weed, for example, in New Zealand and New South Wales.[1] This is a hairy or woolly shrub which can grow to six meters in height, becoming treelike. The leaves are each made up of several pairs of thick, hairy, oval-shaped leaflets each measuring up to about 4 centimeters long. The leaves are studded with visible resin glands between the leaflets. The inflorescence is a raceme of several flowers, each with five golden yellow petals measuring 1 to 2 centimeters long. The flower has seven fertile stamens with large anthers and three sterile staminodes. The fruit is a legume pod, flattened or inflated and coated in hairs, reaching up to 12 centimeters long and filled with beanlike seeds.Common name  Cassia, glandular senna, downy senna, buttercup bushLatin name  Senna multiglandulosaFamily  FabaceaeHeight (m)  4Forest layer  low-treeSeeds / nuts / tubers  Evergreen  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full sunFlowers  YellowSource  Gore bay
Phacelia

Phacelia

Details  Quick growing manure crop or as a sanctuary for predator insects to feed and plan their assaults from. Dig or plough in anytime. Sow from September through to April at a rate of 30g per 10m2 or 1kg per 300m2.Common name  PhaceliaLatin name  Phacelia tanacetifoliaHeight (m)  1Forest layer  herbaceousDate  July 08, 2013Propigation method  Sow directTags    bees  Shade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  PurpleSource  http://www.kingsseeds.co.nz
Coprosma

Coprosma

Details  A genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It is found in New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Borneo, Java, New Guinea, islands of the Pacific Ocean to Australia and the Juan Fernández Islands.

The name Coprosma means "smelling like dung" and refers to the smell (methanethiol) given out by the crushed leaves of a few species.

Many species are small shrubs with tiny evergreen leaves, but a few are small trees and have much larger leaves. The flowers have insignificant petals and are wind-pollinated, with long anthers and stigmas. Natural hybrids are common. The fruit is a non-poisonous juicy berry, most often bright orange (but can be dark red or even light blue), containing two small seeds. The orange fruit of the larger species were eaten by Māori children, and are also popular with birds. It is said that coffee can be made from the seeds, Coprosma being related to the coffee plants. A notable feature (also found in other genera of Rubiaceae) is that the leaves contain hollows in the axils of the veins; in these, and on the leaf stipules, nitrogen-fixing bacteria grow. In addition the hollows, or domatia, encourage certain kinds of mites to take up residence, which feed on and reduce parasitic fungi which attack the leaf.

Recommended as chicken forrage by Bill Mollison
Height (m)  0.5 - 3Forest layer  shrubEvergreen  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  SunSoil type  Most
Siberian Pea Shrub

Siberian Pea Shrub

Details  A genus of shrubs mostly native to Central Asia, some inhabiting dry, half-desert regions with hot summers and bitterly cold winters. They include some of the toughest and most accommodating of all plants, some able to survive temperatures down to -40°C. (A diversion for quiz addicts: this is the one point in the Centigrade and Fahrenheit scales of temperature where they are numerically the same.) As with many plants of such origin, they are often armed with an interesting variety of spines, some making useful impenetrable barriers. One of the toughest of all plants with clusters of yellow pea-flowers in May.Common name  Siberian Pea ShrubLatin name  Caragana arborescensFamily  Leguminosae/FabaceaeHeight (m)  4Forest layer  shrubSeeds / nuts / tubers  Evergreen  Edible  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Date  July 07, 2013Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  YellowSource  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Asiatic sweetleaf/Sapphire berry

Asiatic sweetleaf/Sapphire berry

Details  China & Japan. Wide spreading deciduous shrub. Panicles of creamy white fragrant flowers in mid summer. Bright blue berries remain after leaf fall, best display where two or more are planted. Fruit - cooked. Used in jams, jellies and sauceCommon name  Asiatic sweetleaf/Sapphire berryLatin name  Symplocos paniculataFamily  SymplocaceaeHeight (m)  3.0Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Date  August 11, 2013Wind tolerance  GoodShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MoistFlowers  WhiteColour  PurpleSource  Appletons
Foamflower

Foamflower

Common name  Foamflower, Heartleaf foamflower, Clumping FoamflowerLatin name  Tiarella cordifoliaFamily  SaxifragaceaeHeight (m)  0.2Forest layer  ground coverEvergreen  Perennial  Date  October 19, 2014Shade / Sun  Part shadeSoil type  MostFlowers  White
Yellow Loosestrife

Yellow Loosestrife

Details  Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Pond; Bog Garden.
An astringent herb, yellow loosestrife is principally used to treat gastro-intestinal conditions such as diarrhoea and dysentery, to stop internal and external bleeding and to cleanse wounds
Common name  Yellow Loosestrife, Garden yellow loosestrifeLatin name  Lysimachia vulgarisFamily  PrimulaceaeHeight (m)  1.2Forest layer  herbaceousPerennial  Date  October 19, 2014Shade / Sun  Shade - part shadeSoil type  MostFlowers  Yellow
Ajuga

Ajuga

Details  Ajuga reptans is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.3m by 0.6m at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, The plant is self-fertile. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Common name  Bugle, Common Bugelweed, Bugleweed, Carpet Bugleweed, Carpetweed, Carpet BugleLatin name  Ajuga reptansFamily  LamiaceaeHeight (m)  0.3Forest layer  ground coverEvergreen  Perennial  Date  October 17, 2014Shade / Sun  Sun - Full shadeSoil type  MostFlowers  Purple
Cape broom

Cape broom

Latin name  Genista monspessulanaHeight (m)  3Forest layer  shrubSeeds / nuts / tubers  Evergreen  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  Sow directWind tolerance  GoodShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  YellowSource  Kaikoura
Good king henry

Good king henry

Details  This is a small perennial herbaceous vegetable that was once well known in England and central/southern Europe. While it has naturalized in the U.S., it is a rather uncommon food there. Good King Henry is in the same family as spinach, and its leaves are used in much the same way; however, its shoots are eaten like asparagus, flower buds like broccoli, and the seeds are an edible grain. Add its ability to grow in the shade, and this is a great plant to add to your Edible Forest Garden or other Permaculture plantings.Latin name  Chenopodium bonus-henricusForest layer  herbaceousEvergreen  Edible  Perennial  Date  October 04, 2014Propigation method  Division
Italian Stone pine

Italian Stone pine

Details  Broadly conical when young, develops a broadly arched umbrella shaped evergreen crown. Cones globose, ripen in 3rd year. Large seeds edible. Suited to dry and coastal conditions. Tolerates heat & cold.Common name  Italian Stone pineLatin name  Pinus PineaHeight (m)  20Seeds / nuts / tubers  Evergreen  Edible  Drought tolerance  Date  July 11, 2010Wind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  DrySource  Appletons
Walnut

Walnut

Details  Moderately fast growing nut tree producing large edible nuts in a two part shell. Trees excrete jugulone that inhibits plant growth of most other species.Common name  Walnut, English walnut, Persian Walnut,Latin name  Juglans regiaFamily  JuglandaceaeHeight (m)  20Forest layer  canopySeeds / nuts / tubers  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sun - part shade
Plum

Plum

Details  Fruit ripen early in the season. Loved by birds including native wood pigeon.Common name  PlumLatin name  Prunus domesticaFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  12Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Wind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  MostFlowers  Pink, White
Blueberry

Blueberry

Details  Grows in swamps, low wet woods, pine barrens and dry uplands.
Common name  BlueberryLatin name  Vaccinium corymbosumFamily  EricaceaeHeight (m)  2Forest layer  shrubEvergreen  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  CuttingWind tolerance  LowShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  Acid
Black Mulberry

Black Mulberry

Details  The edible fruit is dark purple, almost black, when ripe, 2–3 centimetres longCommon name  MulberryLatin name  Morus nigraFamily  MoraceaeHeight (m)  12Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Wind tolerance  LowShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  Sandy to Clay
Arizonica

Arizonica

Details  Moderate growth rate. Creates attractive shelter.Common name  Arizona cypressLatin name  Cupressus arizonicaFamily  CupressaceaeHeight (m)  20Forest layer  canopySeeds / nuts / tubers  Evergreen  Perennial  Wind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeColour  Blue grey
Akeake

Akeake

Details  A smallish, relatively fast growing New Zealand native that stands wind and dryLatin name  Dodonea viscosaHeight (m)  7Forest layer  low-treeEvergreen  Drought tolerance  Wind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  Most
Peach

Peach

Common name  PeachLatin name  Prunus persicaFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  4Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  Pink
Sweet Cherry

Sweet Cherry

Details  Loved by bees and birdsCommon name  Sweet CherryLatin name  Prunus aviumFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  18Forest layer  canopyEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  ModerateShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  Free drainingFlowers  White
Chinese Persimmon

Chinese Persimmon

Details  This is a splendid, large shrub with large, shining green leaves that turn a glorious orange or plum-purple colour in autumn. The edible fruits, Persimmons, are produced here most reasonable summers.Common name  Chinese PersimmonLatin name  Diospyros kakiFamily  EbenaceaeEdible  Perennial  Date  July 10, 2013Source  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Asparagus

Asparagus

Details  Young shoots - raw or cooked. Considered a gourmet food, the shoots are harvested in the spring. They are normally boiled or steamed and used as a vegetable. Male plants produce the best shoots.

Do not over-harvest the plant because this would weaken it in the following year.
The shoots are a good source of protein and dietary fibre. Roasted seeds are a coffee substitute
Common name  AsparagusLatin name  Asparagus officinalisFamily  AsparagaceaeHeight (m)  1-2Forest layer  herbaceousEdible  Frost sensitive  Propigation method  DivisionShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  Free drainingRating  
  • Currently 5/5 Stars.
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Apricot

Apricot

Common name  ApricotLatin name  Prunus armeniacaFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  9Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Propigation method  GraftShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  White
Blue lupin

Blue lupin

Details  Grows well in most locations where it improves soil with organic matter and nitrogen. Bees enjoy the flowers.

Practical Plants
Plants for a future
Common name  Blue lupinLatin name  Lupinus angustifoliusFamily  LeguminosaeHeight (m)  1Forest layer  herbaceousNitrogen fixer  Propigation method  Sow directTags    Bees  Flowers  BlueRating  
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Mountain Paw Paw

Mountain Paw Paw

Common name  Mountain pawpaw / papayaLatin name  Carica pubescensFamily  AnnonaceaeForest layer  low-treeEdible  
Osage Orange

Osage Orange

Details  A thorny tree with hard orange coloured dense wood. Good fuel wood.Latin name  Maclura pomiferaForest layer  canopyPropigation method  Sow pot / tray
Grape

Grape

Latin name  Vitis viniferaForest layer  verticalEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Drought tolerance  Propigation method  CuttingShade / Sun  Full sun - part shade
New Zealand Flax

New Zealand Flax

Details  Useful to tying materials. Loved by bell birds and other nectar feeders.Latin name  Phormium tenaxHeight (m)  2-4Forest layer  shrubEvergreen  Propigation method  DivisionWind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sun - ShadeSoil type  MostFlowers  Orange
Cabbage Tree

Cabbage Tree

Details  An attractive palm native to New Zealand. Long stiff leavesLatin name  Cordyline australisHeight (m)  15Forest layer  low-treeWind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeSoil type  MostFlowers  White
Apple

Apple

Latin name  Malus domesticaFamily  RosaceaeForest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Propigation method  GraftShade / Sun  Full sun - part shadeRating  
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Almond

Almond

Latin name  Prunus dulcisFamily  RosaceaeForest layer  low-treeSeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Propigation method  GraftShade / Sun  Full sunRating  
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Hardy kiwi, Tara Vine

Hardy kiwi, Tara Vine

Latin name  Actinidia argutaForest layer  verticalEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Shade / Sun  Full sun - part shade
Earthnut Pea

Earthnut Pea

Latin name  Lathyrus tuberosusFamily  LeguminosaeForest layer  ground coverSeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Full sunColour  Pink

Liquorice

Details  hardy to about -15°cCommon name  LiquoriceLatin name  Glycyrrhiza glabraFamily  Leguminosae/FabaceaeHeight (m)  0.5Forest layer  rhizosphereSeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Date  July 03, 2013Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Sun, part shadeSoil type  Sandy to LoamyColour  Purple/LavenderSource  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Black tomato

Black tomato

Details  A stunning jet black tomato. Originally developed by the Oregon State University from crossing the commercial tomato with the black species Solanum peruvianum. They trusted one man with the seeds for propagation but this guy released the un-finalised version all over the world.  Breeders who got hold of the seeds started using it to improve the taste but keeping the black skin. This version is from about ten generations down the line to make the taste better.Common name  Cesar's 'Truly Black'Latin name  Solanum lycopersicumHeight (m)  1Forest layer  herbaceousEdible  Fruit / berries  Frost sensitive  Date  February 02, 2014Propigation method  Sow directWind tolerance  LowFlowers  YellowSource  Cesar Zapata
spring vetchling or spring pea

spring vetchling or spring pea

Details  Very valuable spring colour is produced by one of the most lovely dwarf perennial peas, with masses of violet blue pea flowers in April and May. Some L. vernus var. albus (white) are also included in here.Latin name  Lathyrus vernusFamily  LeguminosaeHeight (m)  0.2Forest layer  herbaceousPerennial  Nitrogen fixer  Date  July 22, 2013Propigation method  Sow pot / trayFlowers  PinkSource  http://www.plant-world-seeds.com
Oleaster, Russian Olive

Oleaster, Russian Olive

Details  Wind-resistant, quick-growing, deciduous shrub with silvery foliage and fragrant flowers, followed by edible, ornamental fruits.Common name  Oleaster, Russian OliveLatin name  Elaeagnus angustifoliaFamily  ElaeagnaceaeHeight (m)  7Forest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Date  July 11, 2013Propigation method  Sow pot / trayWind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sunFlowers  YellowSource  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Thai Ginger

Thai Ginger

Details  The rhizomes are used in various Asian cuisines. In its raw form, galangals have a stronger taste than common ginger.Latin name  GalangalHeight (m)  1Forest layer  rhizosphereEdible  Frost sensitive  Perennial  Propigation method  Division
Loquat, Japanese Medlar

Loquat, Japanese Medlar

Details  In this country normally seen as a rather splendid shrub with large, leathery, toothed leaves, up to 12 ins. long, dark glossy green above and woolly below. The beautiful and fragrant, yellowish-white flowers are borne in late summer or early autumn and, very occasionally, followed by edible, pear-shaped fruits. Well worth growing for its noble foliage. Needs a sheltered position. Seeds are despatched from cold storage and should be sown IMMEDIATELY ON RECEIPT.Common name  Loquat, Japanese MedlarLatin name  Eriobotrya japonicaVariety  SeedlingFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  3-4Forest layer  low-treeEvergreen  Edible  Fruit / berries  Perennial  Date  July 12, 2013Propigation method  Sow pot / trayShade / Sun  Sun, part shadeFlowers  August, SeptemberSource  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Carob

Carob

Details  A species of flowering evergreen shrub or tree in the pea family. It is widely cultivated for its edible pods, and as an ornamental tree in gardens. The ripe, dried pod is often ground to carob powder which is used as a substitute for cocoa powder.Latin name  Ceratonia siliquaFamily  FabaceaeHeight (m)  15Forest layer  canopySeeds / nuts / tubers  Evergreen  Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Propigation method  Sow pot / tray
American cranberry bush

American cranberry bush

Details  N. America. Broadly columnar, deciduous. White flowers in spring - scarlet edible fruits in autumn. Leaves red in autumn. Prefers moist and wet sites.
Fruit - raw or cooked. Juicy but acid, the taste is best after a frost. The fruits are rich in vitamin C, they are an excellent substitute for cranberries and are used in preserves, jams etc. A jam made from the fruit has a very pleasant flavour that goes well in a porridge. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter and contains a single large seed.
Common name  American cranberry bushLatin name  Viburnum trilobumFamily  AdoxaceaeHeight (m)  3.0Forest layer  shrubFruit / berries  Jugulone tolerance  Date  August 12, 2013Shade / Sun  Semi shade, Full sunSoil type  MoistFlowers  WhiteSource  Appletons
Radium Weed

Radium Weed

Details  Also know as petty spurge, cancer weed, or milkweed. Native to most of Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia, where it typically grows in cultivated arable land, gardens, and other disturbed land.Latin name  Euphorbia peplusFamily  EuphorbiaceaeForest layer  herbaceous

Silver wattle

Details  Fast growing, copices readily, good firewoodCommon name  Silver wattleLatin name  Acacia DealbataFamily  FabaceaeHeight (m)  25Evergreen  Nitrogen fixer  Drought tolerance  Date  July 01, 2010Wind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  DrySource  Appletons

Hybrid witch hazel

Common name  Hybrid witch hazelDate  July 10, 2012Details  Broadly spreading, deciduous. Leaves vary from dull purple, green to red in autumn. Small spidery yellow, orange or red flowers over winter. Screening, lovely plants.Forest layer  shrubHeight (m)  2Latin name  Hamamelis x intermediaSource  Appletons

Flowering ash

Common name  Flowering ashDate  July 09, 2012Details  Manna ash - from south Europe and southwest Asia. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Conspicuous clusters of small fragrant white flowers. Very drought tolerant and used as a street tree.Drought tolerance  Height (m)  7Latin name  Fraxinus ornusSource  Appletons

Green flowered hellebore

Common name  Green flowered helleboreDate  July 11, 2012Details  Apple green mass of flowers May to September contrasts with the grey-green foliage. Likes the sun and well drained soil.Forest layer  ground coverHeight (m)  0.5Latin name  Helleborus x sterniiSource  Appletons

Kobus magnolia

Common name  Kobus magnoliaDate  July 14, 2012Details  Broadly conical to spreading, deciduous. White strap-like petals before the leaves in spring. Beautiful street planting in Vancouver, Canada. Cold hardyHeight (m)  10Latin name  Magnolia kobusSource  Appletons

Golden rain tree

Common name  Golden rain treeDate  July 12, 2012Details  Broadly spreading, deciduous. Long pinnate leaves, yellow and orange in autumn. Small yellow flowers in large panicles followed by papery triangular capsules. Both make a good display. Suit hot dry sites.Height (m)  7Latin name  Koelreuteria paniculataSource  Appletons

Japanese white birch

Common name  Japanese white birchDate  July 03, 2012Details  Narrowly weeping, deciduous. Bark pure white and retained to ground level longer than B. pendula. Leaves larger than B. pendula. Not affected by rust and has bright yellow autumn colour.Height (m)  20Latin name  Betula platyphylla v japonicaSource  Appletons

Broad-leaved hickory

Common name  Broad-leaved hickoryDate  July 01, 2012Details  Coastal ranges of NSW. Erect small evergreen tree, straight trunk and light branching, timber tough and durable. Phyllodes like A. melanoxylon, creamy flowers in spring. Grows in moist gullies and exposed rocky slopes.Evergreen  Height (m)  10Latin name  Acacia falciformisSource  Appletons

Winter Sweet

Common name  Winter SweetDate  July 05, 2012Details  China. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Pale, waxy, yellow, sweetly scented flowers produced in winter on the bare branches. Succeeds in any well drained soil. Excellent on calcium rich soils.Height (m)  2Latin name  Chimonanthus praecoxSource  Appletons

Shining gum

Common name  Shining gumDate  July 08, 2012Details  Mountains of Victoria. Broadly conical when young, grows rapidly, cold hardy, best in regular rainfall at higher altitude. Unthrifty by age 20 at low altitude in warmer districts, but yields a lot of firewood.Evergreen  Height (m)  45Latin name  Eucalyptus nitensSource  Appletons

South African tree heath

Common name  South African tree heathDate  July 07, 2012Details  South Africa. Upright shrub, evergreen with abundantly flowering ascending branches. Small purplish-pink flowers cover the bush in winter. Hardy to our -9C winter frostsForest layer  shrubHeight (m)  2Latin name  Erica canaliculataSource  Appletons

NZ Toothed Lancewood

Common name  NZ Toothed LancewoodDate  July 17, 2012Details  Bushy topped with short stout branches as an adult tree, evergreen. Lance-like juvenile form with downward pointing stiff sawtooth leaves.Evergreen  Forest layer  canopyHeight (m)  6Latin name  Pseudopanax feroxSource  Appletons

Fraqgrant epaulette tree

Common name  Fraqgrant epaulette treeDate  July 18, 2012Latin name  Pterostyrax hispidaSource  Appletons

Chinese sweet box

Common name  Chinese sweet boxDate  July 20, 2012Details  Compact small evergreen shrub with sweetly scented flowers in winter followed by black berries. Leaves elliptic, reponds well to clipping. Grows well in heavy shade, frost hardy. 7cm tubes.Evergreen  Height (m)  1Latin name  Sarcococca confusaSource  Appletons

Photinia reb robin

Common name  Photinia reb robinDate  July 16, 2012Details  Broadly spreading evergreen shrub. Clips well into a neat hedge, the new shoots attractive red against dark green older leaves.Evergreen  Forest layer  low-treeHeight (m)  3Latin name  Photinia x fraseriSource  Appletons

NZ Bronze Flax

Common name  NZ Bronze FlaxDate  July 15, 2012Details  Broadly spreading, evergreen. Broad drooping or stiffly erect bronze to purple blades. Erect flower stalks attract tuis and bellbirds.Evergreen  Forest layer  shrubHeight (m)  2Latin name  Phormium purpureumSource  AppletonsWind tolerance  High

Himalayan cedar

Common name  Himalayan cedarDate  July 09, 2010Details  Broadly conical, evergreen. Drought and exposure tolerant. Popular dry country shelter tree. Mulch to smother grass for best results. Branch ends droop. Valuable aromatic timber, heartwood with resin.Drought tolerance  Evergreen  Forest layer  CanopyHeight (m)  30Latin name  Cedrus DeodaraShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  DrySource  AppletonsWind tolerance  Moderate

Shantung Maple

Common name  Shantung MapleDate  July 05, 2010Family  AceraceaeForest layer  CanopyHeight (m)  15Latin name  Acer TruncatumShade / Sun  Full sunSource  AppletonsWind tolerance  Low

Sugar maple

Common name  Sugar mapleDate  July 04, 2010Details  Broadly columnar, deciduous. Appears to need fertile soils for good growth. Also known as rock maple. Spring sap is processed into maple syrup in USA and now in NZ. Orange is the predominant autumn colour, quite spectacular. Cold hardy.Family  AceraceaeForest layer  CanopyHeight (m)  25Latin name  Acer SaccharumShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  FertileSource  AppletonsWind tolerance  Low

Fullmoon maple

Common name  Fullmoon mapleDate  July 02, 2010Details  Northern Japan in mountain forests. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Purple-red flowers before the leaves. Orange-red autumn coloursFamily  AceraceaeForest layer  CanopyHeight (m)  3Latin name  Acer JaponicumShade / Sun  Full sunSource  AppletonsWind tolerance  Low

Red Alder

Common name  Red AlderDate  July 07, 2010Details  Broadly conical deciduous. Vigorous growth on hillsides as well as streamsides. Produces good hardwood timber for furniture and panelling. Planted for shelter. Red winter buds identify this alder.Family  BetulaceaeForest layer  CanopyHeight (m)  25Latin name  Alnus RubraNitrogen fixer  Shade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MoistSource  AppletonsWind tolerance  Moderate

Shagbark hickory

Common name  Shagbark hickoryDate  July 08, 2010Details  Broadly columnar, deciduous. Straight trunk and lightly branched. Bark peels in vertical plates with age. Orange autumn colour, prized timber, nuts sweet and edible. Plant small, tap root must develop before height growth commences.Edible  Forest layer  CanopyHeight (m)  25Latin name  Carya OvataSeeds / nuts / tubers  Shade / Sun  Full sunSource  Appletons

Japanese maple

Common name  Japanese mapleDate  July 03, 2010Details  Broadly spreading, deciduous. The small leaved, small seeded Japanese maple which comes true from seed. In autumn the colours change to orange and red, a magnificent sight. Shelter from strong winds, but remarkably drought tolerant.Drought tolerance  Family  AceraceaeForest layer  CanopyHeight (m)  12Latin name  Acer PalmatumShade / Sun  Full sunSource  AppletonsWind tolerance  Low

Butternut

Details  E Nth America. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Fruits in clusters of 3-5. Shell is deeply sculptured and the nut sweet and very oily. Large compound leaves. Sugar is made from the sap. Green fruit husks produce a yellow orange dye.Common name  ButternutLatin name  Juglans cinereaFamily  JuglandaceaeHeight (m)  25.0Forest layer  canopySeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Date  August 08, 2013Shade / Sun  Full sunSource  Appletons
Pear - Red Bartlett

Pear - Red Bartlett

Details  Red skin early fruiting, melting flesh. Double grafted with Louis bon JerseyCommon name  PearLatin name  PyrusFamily  RosaceaeForest layer  low-treeEdible  Fruit / berries  Date  September 01, 2012Shade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MostFlowers  white

Quince - Orokonui

Details  Small, yellow skin. Tree semi - Vigorous.Common name  Quince - OrokonuiLatin name  Cydonia oblongaFamily  RosaceaeHeight (m)  4.0Edible  Date  August 06, 2013Soil type  MoistSource  Sutherlands

Marlborough weeping broom

Common name  Marlborough weeping broomDate  August 04, 2013Details  Eastern Marlborough high on Seaward Kaikoura Range. Tall shrub with upright branches, topped by a canopy of weeping grey leafless branchlets. In December large hanging clusters of 10mm mauve flowers. Fixes nitrogen.Forest layer  ShrubHeight (m)  4.0Latin name  Chordospartium stevensoniiNitrogen fixer  Source  Appletons
Red Kidney Vetch

Red Kidney Vetch

Common name  Red Kidney VetchDate  July 19, 2013Details  Superb crimson "pea" flowers appear from early spring until late summer, on radiating stems decked with hairy lanceolate leaves. A beautiful and bright plant which can be impressive on a hot bank where little else will survive.Family  PapilionaceaeForest layer  Ground CoverHeight (m)  0.1Latin name  ANTHYLLIS VULNERARIA COCCINEAPerennial  Source  http://www.plant-world-seeds.com
Colour  Purple/LavenderDate  July 06, 2013Details  One of the finest of ornamental berry plants is this neat, medium-sized shrub from China. With long, narrow leaves that turn deep rose-purple in autumn, it bears in summer clusters of numerous small, lilac flowers. These are followed by the berries - a mass of small coloured beads in shades of lilac, violet and rich purple that persist way into winter. Hardy throughout the British Isles.Family  VerbenaceaeFlowers  June, July, AugustForest layer  ShrubLatin name  Callicarpa bodinieri var. giraldiiPerennial  Source  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk

Chinese wisteria

Details  Vigorous climber, twining anti-clockwise, deciduous. Will climb into a tree and can be trained on a pagola or fence. Fragrant mauve flowers in long racemes before the leaves.Common name  Chinese wisteriaLatin name  Wisteria sinensisFamily  Fabaceae or LeguminosaeHeight (m)  7.0Perennial  Nitrogen fixer  Date  August 13, 2013Shade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  MoistFlowers  PurpleSource  Appletons

California mountain mahogany

Common name  California mountain mahoganyDate  August 03, 2013Details  Broadly spreading deciduous shrub or small tree. Birch-like leaves, creamy white flowers in spring, followed by seeds with long curly feathery tails. Seed from Central Otago, coping with weather extremes. Fixes nitrogen on its roots.Family  RosaceaeForest layer  ShrubHeight (m)  4.0Latin name  Cercocarpus betuloidesNitrogen fixer  Shade / Sun  Full sunSource  Appletons

Chinese Julian hackberry

Common name  Chinese Julian hackberryDate  August 02, 2013Details  Broadly columnar, deciduous. Branch ends tend to droop. Prefers fertile soil. Used in street plantings. Related to Ulmus, the elm family - the leaves are similar. Fruit are rounded berry-like orange-red to purple and edible. Rare in NZ. Juglone TolerantFamily  UlmaceaeForest layer  Large treeHeight (m)  23.0Jugulone tolerance  Latin name  Celtis sinensisShade / Sun  Full sunSource  Appletons
TEXAS LILAC

TEXAS LILAC

Common name  TEXAS LILACDate  July 24, 2013Details  Strong branches bear fragrant leaves, almost exactly identical to those of cannabis plants, and terminate in most attractive clusters of fragrant blue-mauve flowers. Vitex agnus-castus, also called Chaste Tree, Chasteberry, Abraham's Balm or Monk's Pepper, it was once used to flavour stews in monasteries, (not recommended for honeymooners). It is a native of the Mediterranean region and may be hardy in Devon, although needing shelter elsewhere. It is one of the few temperate-zone species of Vitex, which is generally a genus of tropical and sub-tropical flowering plants.Family  VerbenaceaeForest layer  TreeHeight (m)  3.0Latin name  VITEX AGNUS CASTUSPerennial  Source  http://www.plant-world-seeds.com

Bladder Senna

Colour  Yellow/OrangeCommon name  Bladder SennaDate  July 08, 2013Details  Easily grown shrub with bright yellow flowers produced throughout the summer, followed by large, inflated seed pods.Family  Leguminosae/FabaceaeFlowers  June, July, AugustForest layer  ShrubLatin name  Colutea arborescensNitrogen fixer  Perennial  Source  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Chilean guava, NZ cranberry, strawberry myrtle

Chilean guava, NZ cranberry, strawberry myrtle

Details  Upright abundantly branched evergreen shrub. 2-3cm glossy dark green leaves, flowers pinkish-white. Fruits dark purple then blue-black, juicy, fragrant, good flavourCommon name  Chilean guava, NZ cranberry, strawberry myrtleLatin name  Myrtus ugni / Ugni molinaeFamily  MyrtaceaeHeight (m)  1.7Forest layer  shrubEdible  Fruit / berries  Date  August 09, 2013Wind tolerance  HighShade / Sun  Full sunSoil type  Well drained, MoistFlowers  pink, whiteSource  Appletons

Sweet Bay Tree, Bay Laurel, Bay Leaf

Common name  Sweet Bay Tree, Bay Laurel, Bay LeafDate  July 15, 2013Details  This is the true "Laurel" of the ancients now grown for its aromatic foliage - used in cooking - and, as it stands clipping well, for formal use outside hotel entrances and the like. Good hedging plant and hardy throughout the British Isles.Family  LauraceaeForest layer  Tree, Shrub, HedgingLatin name  Laurus nobilisPerennial  Source  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk

Pink tree broom

Common name  Pink tree broomDate  August 10, 2013Details  Broadly spreading, evergreen. Leafless pendulous dark green flattened stems. Attractive pink flowers around Christmas. Loved by small native bees. Small seed pods quickly form. Tolerates dry windy conditions. Fixes nitrogen.Forest layer  ShrubHeight (m)  4.0Latin name  Notospartium glabrescensNitrogen fixer  Source  Appletons

Wildflowers of the British Isles

Common name  Wildflowers of the British IslesDate  July 04, 2013Details  Contains annual wild flowers that are now rare or declining in the wild, this is a delightful Special Cornfield Mixture, containing such lovely items as Cornflower, Night-flowering Catchfly, Corn Cockle and, no cornfield would be complete without it, the Common Poppy! It is intended to be used to cover just a small patch in an average English garden. General comment: Germination of any wild flower is often slow and unpredictable and, due to the losses that can be expected from direct outdoor sowings, the best way of achieving a "naturalised" area is to sow individual pots of wild flowers with some suitable protection. After germination and hardening off, the young plants can then be planted in their final positions where they are to flower where they will then hopefully naturalise themselves and encourage other wildlife.Forest layer  MixedLatin name  Wild Flower 5 - Cornfield Special MixturePerennial  Source  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk

Gunnera

Colour  Red/MaroonCommon name  GunneraDate  July 02, 2013Details  With little doubt, this must be the most majestic herbaceous plant hardy in the British Isles - like a giant Rhubarb, the leaves can grow to over 6 ft. across and be supported on stout, prickly stalks up to 8 ft. long. Although the individual reddish flowers are minute, they are borne in their countless thousands in club-shaped spikes, which can themselves be 6 ft. or so tall. They are particularly happy in moist ground. Labour-saving - half a dozen of these in your garden and you wouldn't have to lift a finger for most of the year! Hardy throughout the British Isles. 10 ft.Family  HaloragidaceaeLatin name  Gunnera manicataPerennial  Source  https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
White Alyssum

White Alyssum

Common name  White AlyssumDate  July 09, 2013Latin name  Lobularia maritima benthamiiSource  http://www.kingsseeds.co.nz
Parsnip

Parsnip

Details  Parsnips are grown for their fleshy, edible cream-colored taproots.Common name  ParsnipLatin name  Pastinaca sativaVariety  Hollow crown?Family  ApiaceaeForest layer  rhizosphereSeeds / nuts / tubers  Edible  Propigation method  Sow direct
Plantain

Plantain

Details  A deep rooted pasture herb
(Sowing Rates: Mixed: 500 grams to 1.5 kgs per ha)
Common name  PlantainLatin name  Plantago majorVariety  EnduranceFamily  PlantaginaceaeForest layer  herbaceousDate  August 08, 2013Propigation method  Sow directSource  http://www.specseed.co.nz/pastureherbs.asp#plantain
Demand white clover

Demand white clover

Details  Dense stoloniferous and persistence clover type with good winter hardiness and improved winter, spring production. Small- Medium LeafedCommon name  White CloverLatin name  Trifolium repensVariety  DemandFamily  FabaceaeForest layer  ground coverNitrogen fixer  Date  August 08, 2013Propigation method  Sow directColour  WhiteSource  http://www.specseed.co.nz/
Icon "Semi Winter Active" Lucerne

Icon "Semi Winter Active" Lucerne

Common name  Icon LucerneLatin name  Medicago sativaVariety  IconFamily  FabaceaeForest layer  ground coverEvergreen  Nitrogen fixer  Date  August 08, 2013Propigation method  Sow directSource  http://www.specseed.co.nz
Oranges

Oranges

Details  Somehow we are able to grow oranges out doors without cover. There is good wind protection in place and I have been mulching and fertilising regularly with seaweed and pig manure. The tree looks a lot better and the fruit has improved dramatically as a result.Evergreen  Edible  Flowers  Frost sensitive  Fruit / berries  Height (m)  1Forest layer  shrubTags    orange  citrus 
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NameDrought toleranceEdibleEvergreenForest layerFrost sensitiveFruit / berriesJugulone toleranceNitrogen fixerPerennialPropigation methodSeeds / nuts / tubers 
Asimina triloba
Asimina triloba
noyesnolow-treenoyesyesnoyessow pot / trayno
Staghorn sumac
Rhus typhina
yesnonolow-treenonoyesnonosow pot / trayno
Black locust
Robinia pseudoacacia
yesnonocanopynonoyesyesnosow pot / trayyes
Foxglove
Digitalis purpurea
nononoherbaceousnononononono
Currently out of stock
Fennel
Foeniculum vulgare
noyesnoherbaceousnonononoyesyes
Only 10 in stock OrderRead More
Apple Rose
Rosa rugosa
noyesyesshrubnoyesnonoyesno
Babaco
Carica x heilbornii
noyesyeslow-treeyesyesnonoyescuttingno
Tree onion
Allium × proliferum
noyesnorhizospherenonononoyesno
Kowhai
Sophora tetraptera
yesnoyescanopynononoyesnosow pot / trayno
Italian Alder
Alnus Cordata
yesnononononoyesnono
Titoki
Alectryon excelsus
nonoyeslow-treeyesnononoyesno
European hazelnut
Corylus avellana
nononolow-treenonoyesnonosow pot / trayyes
June Berry, Western Service Berry, Saskatoon
Amelanchier alnifolia
noyesnoshrubnoyesnonoyesno
Globe Artichoke
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
noyesnoherbaceousnonononoyesno
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Laburnum
yesnonolow-treenononoyesyessow pot / trayno
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Sunflower
Helianthus annuus
noyesnonononononosow directyes
Sweet Chestnut
Castanea Sativa/Crenata
noyesnocanopynononononograftyes
Psoralea Pinnata
Psoralea Pinnata
yesnoyeslow-treenononoyesyessow pot / trayno
Citrus
noyesyeslow-treeyesnononoyesno
Thornless Honey Locust
Gleditsia triacanthos f.inermis
yesnonocanopynononoyesyessow pot / trayno
Jujube
Ziziphus jujuba
yesyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyesno
Red cherry / strawberry guava
Psidium cattleianum
noyesyesshrubnoyesnonoyesno
Chinese haw
Crataegus pinnatifida
noyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyesno
Feijoa
Acca sellowiana
yesyesyesshrubnoyesnonoyesgraftno
Pear (Pyrus communis)
Pyrus communis
noyesnolow-treenoyesnononograftno
Anemanthele lessoniana / oryzopsis rigida
Anemanthele lessoniana
yesnonoherbaceousnonononoyesdivisionno
Purple Coral Pea Shrub
Hardenbergia violacea
yesnoyesverticalnononoyesyescuttingno
False Indigo
Amorpha fruticosa
yesnonolow-treeyesnonoyesyesno
Soap nut
Sapindus mukorossi
nononocanopyyesnonononoyes
Flame vine
Pyrostegia venusta
nonoyesverticalyesnononoyesno
Tree medick
Medicago arborea
nonoyesshrubyesnonoyesyessow pot / trayno
Virgilia divaricata
Virgilia divaricata
yesnoyesnononoyesyessow pot / trayno
Bougainvillea
nonoyesverticalnonononoyesno
Bay Tree
Laurus nobilis
noyesyeslow-treenonononoyesno
Acacia
nonoyesnononoyesyessow pot / trayno
Cornelian Cherry
Cornus mas
noyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyesno
Jerusalem Artichoke
Helianthus tuberosus
noyesnorhizospherenonononoyestubersyes
Chinese dogwood
Cornus kousa chinensis
noyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyesno
Guava - Cherry Yellow Cherry
Psidium cattleyanum
noyesyeslow-treeyesyesnonoyesno
Pyrus x bretschneideri
Pyrus bretschneideri
yesyesnocanopynoyesnononono
Olive
Olea europaea
yesyesyeslow-treenoyesnononono
Nashi
Pyrus pyrifolia
noyesnolow-treenononononono
Comfrey
Symphytum officinale
nononorhizospherenonononoyesdivisionno
Peruvian Pepper
Schinus molle
noyesyeslow-treenonononoyessow pot / trayyes
Japanese Chinquapin
Castanopsis cuspidata
noyesyescanopynonononoyesyes
Kiwifruit
Actinidia deliciosa
noyesnoverticalyesyesnonoyesno
Blood Navel Orange
Citrus sinensis
noyesyeslow-treeyesyesnononono
Earth Gems
Ulluco
yesyesnorhizosphereyesnononoyestubersyes
Elaeagnus pungens
Elaeagnus pungens
yesyesyesshrubnoyesnoyesyesno
Elaeagnus x ebbingei
Elaeagnus x ebbingei
yesyesyesshrubnoyesnoyesyesno
Arbutus unedo
Arbutus unedo
noyesyeslow-treenoyesnonoyesno
Elaeagnus multiflora
Elaeagnus multiflora
yesyesnolow-treenoyesyesyesyessow pot / trayno
Kakabeak
Clianthus
nonoyesshrubyesnonoyesyessow pot / trayno
Turkey Tail Mushroom
Trametes versicolor
noyesnonononononono
Pecan
Carya illinoinensis
noyesnocanopynonononoyesyes
Judas Tree
Cercis siliquastrum
yesnonolow-treenononoyesyessow pot / trayyes
Chinese licorice
Glycyrrhiza uralensis
noyesnorhizospherenononoyesyesyes
Maximillian Sunflower
Helianthus maximilianii
nononoherbaceousnonononoyessow pot / trayyes
Butterfly weed
Asclepias tuberosa
nononoherbaceousnonononoyessow pot / trayno
Creeping Raspberry
Rubus hayata-koidzumii
yesyesyesground covernoyesnonoyesdivisionno
Alpine Strawberry
Fragaria vesca 'Semperflorens'
noyesyesground covernoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Male Bamboo
Dendrocalamus strictus
yesyesnorhizospherenonononoyesdivisionno
Moso / Chinese timber Bamboo
Phyllostachys edulis
noyesnoverticalnonononoyesdivisionno
Elderberry
Sambucus nigra
noyesnolow-treenoyesnononono
Empress tree
Paulownia tomentosa
nononocanopynonononoyessow pot / trayno
Rhubarb
Rheum rhabarbarum
noyesnoherbaceousnonononoyesdivisionno
Chinese water chestnuts
Eleocharis dulcis
noyesnorhizosphereyesnononoyestubersyes
Vietnamese coriander
Persicaria odorata
noyesyesherbaceousyesnononoyesno
Pineapple sage
Salvia elegans
noyesnoshrubyesnononoyescuttingno
Small Leaved Lime, Littleleaf linden
Tilia cordata
noyesnocanopynonononoyesno
Evergreen laburnum
Piptanthus nepalensis
nonoyesshrubnononoyesyesno
Golden Rain Tree
Koelreuteria paniculata
noyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Chinese Yellow Wood
Maackia Amurensis
nononolow-treenononoyesnono
Silk tree
Albizia julibrissin rosea
yesnonolow-treenononoyesnosow pot / trayyes
Tree Lucerne, Tagasaste
Chamaecytisus Palmensis
yesnoyeslow-treeyesnonoyesyessow pot / trayyes
Goji berry
Lycium barbarum
noyesnoshrubnoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Teasel
Dipsacus fullonum
nononoherbaceousnononononosow directno
Chaenomeles japonica
Chaenomeles japonica
noyesnoshrubnoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
New Jersey Tea
Ceanothus americanus
nononoherbaceousnononoyesyessow pot / trayno
Liquorice
Glycyrrhiza glabra
noyesnoherbaceousnononoyesyessow pot / trayno
Black Chokeberry
Aronia melanocarpa
noyesnoshrubnoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Fig
Ficus carica
yesyesnolow-treenoyesnononono
Japanese Raisin Tree
Hovenia dulcis
noyesnolow-treenonononoyesno
Sea berry
Hippophae rhamnoides
yesyesnolow-treenoyesnoyesyessow pot / trayno
Green Tea
Camellia Sinensis
nonoyesshrubnonononoyesno
Crimson clover
Trifolium incarnatum
nononoherbaceousnononoyesnosow directno
Senna multiglandulosa
Senna multiglandulosa
nonoyeslow-treeyesnonoyesyessow pot / trayyes
Phacelia
Phacelia tanacetifolia
nononoherbaceousnononononosow directno
Coprosma
yesyesyesshrubnoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Siberian Pea Shrub
Caragana arborescens
yesyesyesshrubnononoyesyessow pot / trayyes
Asiatic sweetleaf/Sapphire berry
Symplocos paniculata
noyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyesno
Foamflower
Tiarella cordifolia
nonoyesground covernonononoyesno
Yellow Loosestrife
Lysimachia vulgaris
nononoherbaceousnonononoyesno
Ajuga
Ajuga reptans
nonoyesground covernonononoyesno
Cape broom
Genista monspessulana
yesnoyesshrubnononoyesyessow directyes
Good king henry
Chenopodium bonus-henricus
noyesyesherbaceousnonononoyesdivisionno
Italian Stone pine
Pinus Pinea
yesyesyesnononononoyes
Walnut
Juglans regia
nononocanopynononononosow pot / trayyes
Plum
Prunus domestica
noyesnolow-treenononononono
Blueberry
Vaccinium corymbosum
noyesyesshrubnoyesnonoyescuttingno
Black Mulberry
Morus nigra
noyesnolow-treenoyesnononono
Arizonica
Cupressus arizonica
nonoyescanopynonononoyesyes
Akeake
Dodonea viscosa
yesnoyeslow-treenononononono
Peach
Prunus persica
noyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Sweet Cherry
Prunus avium
noyesnocanopynoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Chinese Persimmon
Diospyros kaki
noyesnononononoyesno
Asparagus
Asparagus officinalis
noyesnoherbaceousyesnonononodivisionno
Apricot
Prunus armeniaca
noyesnolow-treenoyesnonoyesgraftno
Blue lupin
Lupinus angustifolius
nononoherbaceousnononoyesnosow directno
Mountain Paw Paw
Carica pubescens
noyesnolow-treenononononono
Osage Orange
Maclura pomifera
nononocanopynononononosow pot / trayno
Grape
Vitis vinifera
yesyesnoverticalnoyesnonoyescuttingno
New Zealand Flax
Phormium tenax
nonoyesshrubnononononodivisionno
Cabbage Tree
Cordyline australis
nononolow-treenononononono
Apple
Malus domestica
noyesnolow-treenoyesnononograftno
Almond
Prunus dulcis
noyesnolow-treenononononograftyes
Hardy kiwi, Tara Vine
Actinidia arguta
noyesnoverticalnoyesnonoyesno
Earthnut Pea
Lathyrus tuberosus
noyesnoground covernononoyesyessow pot / trayyes
Liquorice
Glycyrrhiza glabra
noyesnorhizospherenononoyesyessow pot / trayyes
Black tomato
Solanum lycopersicum
noyesnoherbaceousyesyesnononosow directno
spring vetchling or spring pea
Lathyrus vernus
nononoherbaceousnononoyesyessow pot / trayno
Oleaster, Russian Olive
Elaeagnus angustifolia
noyesnolow-treenoyesnoyesyessow pot / trayno
Thai Ginger
Galangal
noyesnorhizosphereyesnononoyesdivisionno
Loquat, Japanese Medlar
Eriobotrya japonica
noyesyeslow-treenoyesnonoyessow pot / trayno
Carob
Ceratonia siliqua
nonoyescanopynononoyesyessow pot / trayyes
American cranberry bush
Viburnum trilobum
nononoshrubnoyesyesnonono
Radium Weed
Euphorbia peplus
nononoherbaceousnononononono
Silver wattle
Acacia Dealbata
yesnoyesnononoyesnono
Hybrid witch hazel
Hamamelis x intermedia
nononoshrubnononononono
Flowering ash
Fraxinus ornus
yesnononononononono
Green flowered hellebore
Helleborus x sternii
nononoground covernononononono
Kobus magnolia
Magnolia kobus
nonononononononono
Golden rain tree
Koelreuteria paniculata
nonononononononono
Japanese white birch
Betula platyphylla v japonica
nonononononononono
Broad-leaved hickory
Acacia falciformis
nonoyesnononononono
Winter Sweet
Chimonanthus praecox
nonononononononono
Shining gum
Eucalyptus nitens
nonoyesnononononono
South African tree heath
Erica canaliculata
nononoshrubnononononono
NZ Toothed Lancewood
Pseudopanax ferox
nonoyescanopynononononono
Fraqgrant epaulette tree
Pterostyrax hispida
nonononononononono
Chinese sweet box
Sarcococca confusa
nonoyesnononononono
Photinia reb robin
Photinia x fraseri
nonoyeslow-treenononononono
NZ Bronze Flax
Phormium purpureum
nonoyesshrubnononononono
Himalayan cedar
Cedrus Deodara
yesnoyescanopynononononono
Shantung Maple
Acer Truncatum
nononocanopynononononono
Sugar maple
Acer Saccharum
nononocanopynononononono
Fullmoon maple
Acer Japonicum
nononocanopynononononono
Red Alder
Alnus Rubra
nononocanopynononoyesnono
Shagbark hickory
Carya Ovata
noyesnocanopynononononoyes
Japanese maple
Acer Palmatum
yesnonocanopynononononono
Butternut
Juglans cinerea
noyesnocanopynononononoyes
Pear - Red Bartlett
Pyrus
noyesnolow-treenoyesnononono
Quince - Orokonui
Cydonia oblonga
noyesnonononononono
Marlborough weeping broom
Chordospartium stevensonii
nononoshrubnononoyesnono
Red Kidney Vetch
ANTHYLLIS VULNERARIA COCCINEA
nononoground covernonononoyesno

Callicarpa bodinieri var. giraldii
nononoshrubnonononoyesno
Chinese wisteria
Wisteria sinensis
nonononononoyesyesno
California mountain mahogany
Cercocarpus betuloides
nononoshrubnononoyesnono
Chinese Julian hackberry
Celtis sinensis
nononolarge treenonoyesnonono
TEXAS LILAC
VITEX AGNUS CASTUS
nononotreenonononoyesno
Bladder Senna
Colutea arborescens
nononoshrubnononoyesyesno
Chilean guava, NZ cranberry, strawberry myrtle
Myrtus ugni / Ugni molinae
noyesnoshrubnoyesnononono
Sweet Bay Tree, Bay Laurel, Bay Leaf
Laurus nobilis
nononotree, shrub, hedgingnonononoyesno
Pink tree broom
Notospartium glabrescens
nononoshrubnononoyesnono
Wildflowers of the British Isles
Wild Flower 5 - Cornfield Special Mixture
nononomixednonononoyesno
Gunnera
Gunnera manicata
nononononononoyesno
White Alyssum
Lobularia maritima benthamii
nonononononononono
Parsnip
Pastinaca sativa
noyesnorhizospherenononononosow directyes
Plantain
Plantago major
nononoherbaceousnononononosow directno
Demand white clover
Trifolium repens
nononoground covernononoyesnosow directno
Icon "Semi Winter Active" Lucerne
Medicago sativa
nonoyesground covernononoyesnosow directno
Oranges
noyesyesshrubyesyesnononono