Usually found in upland sites on rich soils, but it is also found in gravel and sandy nutrient-poor soils. It grows by streams and swamps, along roadsides, railway embankments and edges of woodsDiameter 6.00Forest layer low-treeHeight (m) 5Drought tolerance Jugulone tolerance Propigation method Sow pot / tray
Black locustCommon name Black locustLatin name Robinia pseudoacaciaFamily Fabaceae or LeguminosaeDetails Fast growing thorny tree with ground durable timber.
All parts of the plant (except the flowers) and especially the bark, should be considered to be toxic. The toxins are destroyed by heat.Flowers WhiteDiameter 15.00Height (m) 25Forest layer canopyDrought tolerance Jugulone tolerance Nitrogen fixer Seeds / nuts / tubers Shade / Sun Full sunWind tolerance ModeratePropigation method Sow pot / tray
- Produces a lot of biomass in a season.
- Deep root system for soil stabilisation and building via organic mater injection.
- Flowers loved by beneficial insects.
- Seeds harden in autumn and can be used for tea or left to feed the birds and self seed.
Apple RoseCommon name Ramanas Rose, Apple RoseLatin name Rosa rugosaFamily RosaceaeDetails A vigorous, perpetual-flowering shrub rose with single, wonderfully fragrant flowers, followed by orange-red, fruits high in vitamin C. Useful for hedges. Thorns straight, not hooked.Flowers June, July, August, SeptemberDate July 17, 2013Diameter 2.00Forest layer shrubHeight (m) 2Edible Evergreen Fruit / berries Perennial Source https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Tree onionCommon name Topsetting onions, walking onions, or Egyptian onionLatin name Allium Ã— proliferumDetails
While similar to common 'regular' onions, the Egyption walking tree onion produces a cluster of bulbs, both under the ground as well as at various locations up the stem. Rather than reproducing via seed, this plant can be cultivated simply by planting the small bulblets that form in the air.
At the end of the plan's life, if not harvested, the stems with aerial bulblets fall over, touching the ground and eventually taking root and forming new plants. This is how the onion 'walks'.
Starting plants from a bulb hundreds of times bigger than the actual seed gives it a much stronger start in life, allowing it to grow in more competitive situations, even allowing it to push up through quite thick mulch.
The edible part of the onion, the bulbs from under the ground, are much like shallots, being stronger in flavour and more elongated in shape compared to the more conventional onions most people are familiar with.Forest layer rhizosphereEdible Perennial
Flowers profusely from September - November. Nectar is very attractive to birds, but can be toxic to honey bees.
Semi-deciduous. Hardy to cold and wind.
New Zealand nativeFlowers YellowDiameter 3.00Forest layer canopyHeight (m) 8Drought tolerance Evergreen Nitrogen fixer Shade / Sun Full sun - part shadeWind tolerance HighPropigation method Sow pot / tray
Italian AlderCommon name Italian AlderLatin name Alnus CordataFamily BetulaceaeDetails Fast, deep-rooted, nitrogen-fixing tree. Moderate drought tolerance. Trims well, excellent shelter for native under-story. Popular for horticultural shelterbelts and soil conservation on hill country. Roots penetrate deeply and so do not spread sideways into valuable crops.
Deciduous. Holds leaves from September to June. Cold hardy after first season.
Space at 1.5-4m centres for shelter.Date July 06, 2010Height (m) 25Drought tolerance Nitrogen fixer Shade / Sun Full sunWind tolerance ModerateSource Appletons, Southernwoods
TitokiCommon name Titoki (Maori), New Zealand oakLatin name Alectryon excelsusFamily SapindaceaeDetails A shiny-leaved tree native to New Zealand, where it occurs in coastal and lowland forests. It is found throughout most of the North Island and from Banks Peninsula to central Westland in the South Island.
The colourful seed is initially contained in a hairy woody capsule which splits revealing bright red and black unpalatable fruit (the black portion being the seed).
Likely to grow anywhere from lowland forest areas and exposed coastal area sites along with sandy plains. In sandy plains, Alectryon excelsus is often paired with Beilschmiedia tawa (tawa).
This tree likes to grow in the places that have a lot of water such as wetlands. Titoki tree gravitates towards moist soil which contains many nutrients for growth along with fertile alluvial and sandy soils. The location characteristics best suited for this tree are as followed: ‘fertile, well-drained soils along riverbanks and associated terraces'. The plant can grow in conditions from semi-shade to full sun.Flowers purple smallDiameter 1.00Forest layer low-treeHeight (m) 9Evergreen Frost sensitive Perennial Shade / Sun Part sun - full shadeSoil type Free draining
European hazelnutLatin name Corylus avellanaFamily BetulaceaeDetails Broadly columnar, deciduous. Very edible hazel nuts in March with yellow autumn leaves in April. Make great windbreaks yielding nuts, small poles and rods. Coppice readily.
Wind pollinated (not self fertile)
Frost hardyDiameter 3.00Height (m) 5Forest layer low-treeJugulone tolerance Seeds / nuts / tubers Soil type Most (prefers moist)Wind tolerance HighPropigation method Sow pot / tray
All parts of the plant are poisonous, although mortality is very rare. Symptoms of laburnum poisoning may include intense sleepiness, vomiting, convulsive movements, coma, slight frothing at the mouth and unequally dilated pupils.Family FabaceaeFlowers YellowDiameter 6.00Forest layer low-treeHeight (m) 6Drought tolerance Nitrogen fixer Perennial Shade / Sun Full sun / part shadeSoil type MostWind tolerance GoodPropigation method Sow pot / trayPrice $3.9030 seeds
- Plant climbing beans amongst the sunflowers when they are a meter high, the beans will climb the stem
- The seeds ripen in April and can be fed directly to chickens or left for birds
- Can get blown over by strong wind
SPANISH JAPANESE HYBRIDForest layer canopyHeight (m) 6 - 10mEdible Seeds / nuts / tubers Shade / Sun Full sunPropigation method GraftCommon name Sweet Chestnut
Psoralea PinnataCommon name fountain bush, penwortel, blue broom, Albany broom, African scurf pea, taylorina, blue psoralea, Dally pineLatin name Psoralea PinnataFamily FabaceaeDetails Native to South Africa. Looking a little like rosemary.
Flowers October to December extremely attractive to bees.
Flowering is followed by the production of small pods, each of these contain a single dark brown seed.
Establishes in Gumlands, dry shrubland, coastline, estuaries, bush tracks, forest margins, and fernland, especially in warmer areas.
Will even persist under pines and wattles. It would seem that it can successfully compete with established trees in difficult wet areas.Flowers blue, white, pale purpleHeight (m) 1.5 - 4Forest layer low-treeDrought tolerance Evergreen Nitrogen fixer Perennial Shade / Sun Full sun to part shadeSoil type Prefers dampWind tolerance GoodPropigation method Sow pot / traySource Kaikoura
Thornless Honey LocustLatin name Gleditsia triacanthos f.inermisFamily Thornless Honey LocustDetails A very elegant spreading tree with bright green fern-like leaves. Excellent shade and autumn colour tree. Fixes nitrogen and the edible seed pods are valued for stock fodder. Thrives in the heat and dry. Thornless. Deciduous. Hardy.Forest layer canopyDiameter 11.00Height (m) 20Drought tolerance Nitrogen fixer Perennial Propigation method Sow pot / tray
JujubeCommon name Jujube, Red date, Chinese date, Korean date, Indian dateLatin name Ziziphus jujubaFamily RhamnaceaeDetails Fast growing hardy tree, self fertile. Tolerates dry conditions
Minimal maintenance once established
Forest layer low-treeHeight (m) 10Drought tolerance Edible Fruit / berries Perennial Shade / Sun No ShadeSoil type Light to heavy well drained
Graceful grass tolerates moist or dry soils. A monotypic genus of grass indigenous to New Zealand. Thrives in both sun and shade. The grasses glossy green foliage turns to a coppery colour in the auntumn and sometimes stays through into winter depending on the dryness of the soil. Freely self-seeds and grows in 1 metre by 1 metre clumps with red airy flower stems appearing in spring. Further plants can be propagated by division in the middle of spring and the start of summer.Forest layer herbaceousDiameter 1.00Height (m) 1Drought tolerance Perennial Shade / Sun Sun - shadeSoil type MostPropigation method Division
Soap nutCommon name Indian soap berry, washnutLatin name Sapindus mukorossiFamily SapindaceaeDetails Grows in the lower foothills and midhills of the Himalayans to altitudes of 1200 meters. The soapnut contains the compound saponin, which has natural cleansing properties, and can be used as a cleanser for hair, skin, and clothing. Saponins are also useful as insecticides, such as for removing head liceForest layer canopyHeight (m) 20Frost sensitive Seeds / nuts / tubers Shade / Sun Full sunSoil type most well-drained soil, nutritionally poor
Flame vineCommon name Orange trumpetvineLatin name Pyrostegia venustaDetails Endemic to Brazil, but nowadays a well-known garden species. Stunning climber produces massive of brilliant orange flame blooms in winter till early spring. For best results train up a trellis, pergola or wall. Protect from frost when young.Forest layer verticalDiameter 4.00Height (m) 4Flowers OrangeEvergreen Frost sensitive Perennial Shade / Sun Full sun to part shadeSoil type Free-draining soil rich in organic matterSource a4dibbleplants.co.nz
Root nodules observed on young seedlings when planting outForest layer shrubDiameter 2.00Height (m) 2Flowers YellowEvergreen Frost sensitive Nitrogen fixer Perennial Shade / Sun Full sunSoil type MostWind tolerance MaritimePropigation method Sow pot / traySource David Bunn
Virgilia divaricataCommon name blossom tree, amaqua treeLatin name Virgilia divaricataFamily FabaceaeDetails Small to medium-sized trees, with a bushy, rounded to broadly conical growth habit with branches growing close to the ground. They are very fast-growing when young, attaining up to 1.3 m in a year, and reaching their full height in only a few years.Diameter 3.00Height (m) 8Flowers PinkDrought tolerance Evergreen Nitrogen fixer Perennial Shade / Sun Full sun - part shadeWind tolerance MaritimePropigation method Sow pot / tray
BougainvilleaForest layer verticalEvergreen Perennial
Bay TreeCommon name Bay Tree, Sweet bay, Grecian Laurel, True LaurelLatin name Laurus nobilisDetails Leaves used dry or fresh as season for soups, stews etc.
Forest layer low-treeDiameter 10.00Height (m) 12Flowers YellowEdible Evergreen Perennial Shade / Sun Full sun - part shadeSoil type MostWind tolerance Tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure
AcaciaCommon name wattle, mimosaFamily FabaceaeDetails A large genus of fast growing, evergreen, nitrogen fixing plants ranging in size from shrubs to canopy trees.
Main uses include firewood, timber, shelter and supportFlowers YellowEvergreen Nitrogen fixer Perennial Propigation method Sow pot / tray
Woodland Garden Sunny Edge; Dappled Shade; Hedge; Forest layer low-treeDiameter 4.00Height (m) 5Flowers YellowEdible Fruit / berries Perennial Shade / Sun Sun to part shadeSoil type Most types, prefers moist siteWind tolerance Strong winds
Masses of knobbly, edible tubers form below ground and can be harvested in late autumn - early winter when tops die off.
Eaten by pigs and chickensForest layer rhizosphereDiameter 0.60Height (m) 2.4Flowers YellowEdible Perennial Seeds / nuts / tubers Soil type MostWind tolerance GoodPropigation method Tubers
Chinese dogwoodCommon name Chinese dogwoodLatin name Cornus kousa chinensisFamily CornaceaeDetails Small, deciduous tree with pink edible fruits 4-5cm in diameter ripening in autumn.Harvest Forest layer low-treeHeight (m) 6.0Flowers CreamDate August 05, 2013Edible Fruit / berries Perennial Shade / Sun Semi shade, Full sunSoil type MoistWind tolerance poorSource Appletons
Guava - Cherry Yellow CherryLatin name Psidium cattleyanumFamily MyrtaceaeDetails
Fruit about 2.5cm round turning golden yellow when fully ripe. April - July. Aromatic, juicy with small edible seeds
Small tree from 2-4 metres. Can be moderately vigorous. Spreading habit. Prune for size or shape late autumn or early spring. Fruits on new seasons growth (reddish-bronze colour) prune before spring growth starts.
Self-fertile, pollinated by insects and birds.Can tolerate costal conditions and some shade.Harvest Forest layer low-treeHeight (m) 2 - 4Flowers whiteEdible Evergreen Frost sensitive Fruit / berries Perennial Shade / Sun Full sunSoil type free-draining rich in organic matter
Pyrus x bretschneideriCommon name Ya PearLatin name Pyrus bretschneideriFamily RosaceaeDetails Very juicy, white to light yellow pears
Habitats Slopes, dry cold regions at elevations of 100 - 2000 metres
Range E. Asia - N. China.Forest layer canopyDiameter 5.00Height (m) 7Flowers WhiteDrought tolerance Edible Fruit / berries Shade / Sun Full sun - part shadeSoil type MostSource Appletons
ComfreyLatin name Symphytum officinaleDetails Fantastic companion plant for forest gardens. Chop and drop through spring and summer to nourish adjacent trees and improve soil quality.Diameter 1.00Height (m) 0.5Family BoraginaceaePerennial Forest layer rhizospherePropigation method DivisionShade / Sun Full sun - part shadePrice $5.903 root pieces
Earth GemsDetails Ulluco is one of the most widely grown and economically important root crops in the Andean region of South America, second only to the potato. The major appeal of ulluco is its crisp texture which, like the jicama, remains even when cooked. Because of its high water content, ulluco is not suitable for frying or baking, but it can be cooked in many other ways like the potato.Latin name UllucoFamily BasellaceaeHeight (m) 0.3Forest layer rhizosphereSeeds / nuts / tubers Edible Frost sensitive Perennial Drought tolerance Propigation method TubersShade / Sun Full sunSoil type Most
Origin - E. Asia - China, Japan.Common name Elaeagnus, Thorny olive, Thorny Elaeagnus, Oleaster, Silverberry, Silverthorn, Pungent ElaeagnusLatin name Elaeagnus pungensFamily ElaeagnaceaeHeight (m) 4Diameter 4.00Forest layer shrubEvergreen Edible Fruit / berries Perennial Nitrogen fixer Drought tolerance Wind tolerance Maritime exposureShade / Sun Full shade to full sunSoil type Most
KakabeakDetails Grows in open, sunny, steep sites, often on rocky outcrops, slips, the bases of cliffs or edges of lakes and streams. It is a relatively short-lived plant, sometimes lasting 15-20 years.Latin name ClianthusFamily FabaceaeHeight (m) 2Diameter 1.50Forest layer shrubEvergreen Frost sensitive Perennial Nitrogen fixer Propigation method Sow pot / trayShade / Sun SunFlowers Red
Vietnamese corianderDetails Leaves are used in Southeast Asian cooking. A perennial plant that grows best in tropical and subtropical zones in warm and damp conditions. In advantageous conditions, it can grow up to 15–30 cmCommon name Vietnamese coriander, Vietnamese mint, Vietnamese cilantro, Cambodian mintLatin name Persicaria odorataFamily PolygonaceaeHeight (m) 0.3Diameter 1.00Forest layer herbaceousEvergreen Edible Frost sensitive Perennial Soil type Moist
Chinese Yellow WoodDetails Broadly spreading, deciduous. New growth silvery blue-grey, very hardy. Creamy white pea-like flowers in dense erect clusters. A legume, fixes nitrogen from the air. Rare in NZCommon name Chinese Yellow WoodLatin name Maackia AmurensisHeight (m) 6Diameter 6.00Forest layer low-treeNitrogen fixer Date July 10, 2010Wind tolerance LowShade / Sun Full sunSource Appletons
Silk treeDetails Broadly spreading, deciduous. Often flat topped,late into leaf. Dark pink flowers on top of the leaves in January. The small leaflets of the compound leaves quickly disintegrate after leaf fall. Drought & heat tolerant.Common name Silk tree, Persian silk tree, pink silk treeLatin name Albizia julibrissin roseaHeight (m) 10Diameter 12.00Forest layer low-treeSeeds / nuts / tubers Nitrogen fixer Drought tolerance Date July 02, 2012Propigation method Sow pot / trayShade / Sun Full sunSoil type MostFlowers PinkSource Appletons
Tree Lucerne, TagasasteDetails A wide spreading, tall, deciduous shrub. Vigorous growth, leaves and white flowers in spring eaten by native pigeons (krereru). Foliage can be cut for grazing stock in droughts and for use as mulch material. Fixes nitrogen. Can be killed by severe frosts.Common name Tree Lucerne, TagasasteLatin name Chamaecytisus PalmensisFamily FabaceaeHeight (m) 4Diameter 3.00Forest layer low-treeSeeds / nuts / tubers Evergreen Frost sensitive Perennial Nitrogen fixer Drought tolerance Date July 04, 2012Propigation method Sow pot / trayWind tolerance HighShade / Sun Full sun - part shadeSoil type MostFlowers WhiteSource Appletons, Wild seed
Japanese Raisin TreeDetails A deciduous Tree growing to 10 m by 7 m. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender.Common name Japanese Raisin TreeLatin name Hovenia dulcisFamily RhamnaceaeHeight (m) 10Forest layer low-treeEdible Perennial Date July 14, 2013Flowers June, JulySource https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Green TeaDetails The leaves are infused in hot water and used as the drink that is commonly known as tea. It is widely drunk in many areas of the world. Green tea is made from the steamed and dried leaves.Latin name Camellia SinensisFamily TheaceaeHeight (m) 2Forest layer shrubEvergreen Perennial Date June 29, 2013Colour WhiteSource Trademe
Crimson cloverDetails Multipurpose nitrogen fixing legume and beneficial insect plant. Sow late summer for rapid bulky upright growth. It goes dormant in the cold of winter before resuming growth in spring up to 1m high and sporting a striking crimson bloom in early summer. Chop and dig in prior to flowering or leave for a valuable nectar rich food supply for bees and beneficial insects.Common name Crimson cloverLatin name Trifolium incarnatumHeight (m) 1Forest layer herbaceousNitrogen fixer Propigation method Sow directShade / Sun Full sun - part shadeSoil type MostFlowers RedSource Kings Seed
PhaceliaDetails Quick growing manure crop or as a sanctuary for predator insects to feed and plan their assaults from. Dig or plough in anytime. Sow from September through to April at a rate of 30g per 10m2 or 1kg per 300m2.Common name PhaceliaLatin name Phacelia tanacetifoliaHeight (m) 1Forest layer herbaceousDate July 08, 2013Propigation method Sow directShade / Sun Full sunSoil type MostFlowers PurpleSource http://www.kingsseeds.co.nz
CoprosmaDetails A genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. It is found in New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Borneo, Java, New Guinea, islands of the Pacific Ocean to Australia and the Juan Fernández Islands.
The name Coprosma means "smelling like dung" and refers to the smell (methanethiol) given out by the crushed leaves of a few species.
Many species are small shrubs with tiny evergreen leaves, but a few are small trees and have much larger leaves. The flowers have insignificant petals and are wind-pollinated, with long anthers and stigmas. Natural hybrids are common. The fruit is a non-poisonous juicy berry, most often bright orange (but can be dark red or even light blue), containing two small seeds. The orange fruit of the larger species were eaten by Māori children, and are also popular with birds. It is said that coffee can be made from the seeds, Coprosma being related to the coffee plants. A notable feature (also found in other genera of Rubiaceae) is that the leaves contain hollows in the axils of the veins; in these, and on the leaf stipules, nitrogen-fixing bacteria grow. In addition the hollows, or domatia, encourage certain kinds of mites to take up residence, which feed on and reduce parasitic fungi which attack the leaf.
Recommended as chicken forrage by Bill MollisonHeight (m) 0.5 - 3Forest layer shrubEvergreen Edible Fruit / berries Perennial Drought tolerance Propigation method Sow pot / trayWind tolerance HighShade / Sun SunSoil type Most
Yellow LoosestrifeDetails Woodland Garden Dappled Shade; Shady Edge; Pond; Bog Garden.
An astringent herb, yellow loosestrife is principally used to treat gastro-intestinal conditions such as diarrhoea and dysentery, to stop internal and external bleeding and to cleanse woundsCommon name Yellow Loosestrife, Garden yellow loosestrifeLatin name Lysimachia vulgarisFamily PrimulaceaeHeight (m) 1.2Forest layer herbaceousPerennial Date October 19, 2014Shade / Sun Shade - part shadeSoil type MostFlowers Yellow
Italian Stone pineDetails Broadly conical when young, develops a broadly arched umbrella shaped evergreen crown. Cones globose, ripen in 3rd year. Large seeds edible. Suited to dry and coastal conditions. Tolerates heat & cold.Common name Italian Stone pineLatin name Pinus PineaHeight (m) 20Seeds / nuts / tubers Evergreen Edible Drought tolerance Date July 11, 2010Wind tolerance ModerateShade / Sun Full sunSoil type DrySource Appletons
Common name BlueberryLatin name Vaccinium corymbosumFamily EricaceaeHeight (m) 2Forest layer shrubEvergreen Edible Fruit / berries Perennial Propigation method CuttingWind tolerance LowShade / Sun Full sun - part shadeSoil type Acid
Chinese PersimmonDetails This is a splendid, large shrub with large, shining green leaves that turn a glorious orange or plum-purple colour in autumn. The edible fruits, Persimmons, are produced here most reasonable summers.Common name Chinese PersimmonLatin name Diospyros kakiFamily EbenaceaeEdible Perennial Date July 10, 2013Source https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Do not over-harvest the plant because this would weaken it in the following year.
The shoots are a good source of protein and dietary fibre. Roasted seeds are a coffee substituteCommon name AsparagusLatin name Asparagus officinalisFamily AsparagaceaeHeight (m) 1-2Forest layer herbaceousEdible Frost sensitive Propigation method DivisionShade / Sun Full sun - part shadeSoil type Free draining
Blue lupinDetails Grows well in most locations where it improves soil with organic matter and nitrogen. Bees enjoy the flowers.
Plants for a futureCommon name Blue lupinLatin name Lupinus angustifoliusFamily LeguminosaeHeight (m) 1Forest layer herbaceousNitrogen fixer Propigation method Sow directFlowers Blue
LiquoriceDetails hardy to about -15°cCommon name LiquoriceLatin name Glycyrrhiza glabraFamily Leguminosae/FabaceaeHeight (m) 0.5Forest layer rhizosphereSeeds / nuts / tubers Edible Perennial Nitrogen fixer Date July 03, 2013Propigation method Sow pot / trayShade / Sun Sun, part shadeSoil type Sandy to LoamyColour Purple/LavenderSource https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Black tomatoDetails A stunning jet black tomato. Originally developed by the Oregon State University from crossing the commercial tomato with the black species Solanum peruvianum. They trusted one man with the seeds for propagation but this guy released the un-finalised version all over the world. Breeders who got hold of the seeds started using it to improve the taste but keeping the black skin. This version is from about ten generations down the line to make the taste better.Common name Cesar's 'Truly Black'Latin name Solanum lycopersicumHeight (m) 1Forest layer herbaceousEdible Fruit / berries Frost sensitive Date February 02, 2014Propigation method Sow directWind tolerance LowFlowers YellowSource Cesar Zapata
spring vetchling or spring peaDetails Very valuable spring colour is produced by one of the most lovely dwarf perennial peas, with masses of violet blue pea flowers in April and May. Some L. vernus var. albus (white) are also included in here.Latin name Lathyrus vernusFamily LeguminosaeHeight (m) 0.2Forest layer herbaceousPerennial Nitrogen fixer Date July 22, 2013Propigation method Sow pot / trayFlowers PinkSource http://www.plant-world-seeds.com
Oleaster, Russian OliveDetails Wind-resistant, quick-growing, deciduous shrub with silvery foliage and fragrant flowers, followed by edible, ornamental fruits.Common name Oleaster, Russian OliveLatin name Elaeagnus angustifoliaFamily ElaeagnaceaeHeight (m) 7Forest layer low-treeEdible Fruit / berries Perennial Nitrogen fixer Date July 11, 2013Propigation method Sow pot / trayWind tolerance HighShade / Sun Full sunFlowers YellowSource https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Loquat, Japanese MedlarDetails In this country normally seen as a rather splendid shrub with large, leathery, toothed leaves, up to 12 ins. long, dark glossy green above and woolly below. The beautiful and fragrant, yellowish-white flowers are borne in late summer or early autumn and, very occasionally, followed by edible, pear-shaped fruits. Well worth growing for its noble foliage. Needs a sheltered position. Seeds are despatched from cold storage and should be sown IMMEDIATELY ON RECEIPT.Common name Loquat, Japanese MedlarLatin name Eriobotrya japonicaVariety SeedlingFamily RosaceaeHeight (m) 3-4Forest layer low-treeEvergreen Edible Fruit / berries Perennial Date July 12, 2013Propigation method Sow pot / trayShade / Sun Sun, part shadeFlowers August, SeptemberSource https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
CarobDetails A species of flowering evergreen shrub or tree in the pea family. It is widely cultivated for its edible pods, and as an ornamental tree in gardens. The ripe, dried pod is often ground to carob powder which is used as a substitute for cocoa powder.Latin name Ceratonia siliquaFamily FabaceaeHeight (m) 15Forest layer canopySeeds / nuts / tubers Evergreen Perennial Nitrogen fixer Propigation method Sow pot / tray
American cranberry bushDetails N. America. Broadly columnar, deciduous. White flowers in spring - scarlet edible fruits in autumn. Leaves red in autumn. Prefers moist and wet sites.
Fruit - raw or cooked. Juicy but acid, the taste is best after a frost. The fruits are rich in vitamin C, they are an excellent substitute for cranberries and are used in preserves, jams etc. A jam made from the fruit has a very pleasant flavour that goes well in a porridge. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter and contains a single large seed.Common name American cranberry bushLatin name Viburnum trilobumFamily AdoxaceaeHeight (m) 3.0Forest layer shrubFruit / berries Jugulone tolerance Date August 12, 2013Shade / Sun Semi shade, Full sunSoil type MoistFlowers WhiteSource Appletons
Silver wattleDetails Fast growing, copices readily, good firewoodCommon name Silver wattleLatin name Acacia DealbataFamily FabaceaeHeight (m) 25Evergreen Nitrogen fixer Drought tolerance Date July 01, 2010Wind tolerance HighShade / Sun Full sunSoil type DrySource Appletons
Hybrid witch hazelCommon name Hybrid witch hazelDate July 10, 2012Details Broadly spreading, deciduous. Leaves vary from dull purple, green to red in autumn. Small spidery yellow, orange or red flowers over winter. Screening, lovely plants.Forest layer shrubHeight (m) 2Latin name Hamamelis x intermediaSource Appletons
Flowering ashCommon name Flowering ashDate July 09, 2012Details Manna ash - from south Europe and southwest Asia. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Conspicuous clusters of small fragrant white flowers. Very drought tolerant and used as a street tree.Drought tolerance Height (m) 7Latin name Fraxinus ornusSource Appletons
Green flowered helleboreCommon name Green flowered helleboreDate July 11, 2012Details Apple green mass of flowers May to September contrasts with the grey-green foliage. Likes the sun and well drained soil.Forest layer ground coverHeight (m) 0.5Latin name Helleborus x sterniiSource Appletons
Kobus magnoliaCommon name Kobus magnoliaDate July 14, 2012Details Broadly conical to spreading, deciduous. White strap-like petals before the leaves in spring. Beautiful street planting in Vancouver, Canada. Cold hardyHeight (m) 10Latin name Magnolia kobusSource Appletons
Golden rain treeCommon name Golden rain treeDate July 12, 2012Details Broadly spreading, deciduous. Long pinnate leaves, yellow and orange in autumn. Small yellow flowers in large panicles followed by papery triangular capsules. Both make a good display. Suit hot dry sites.Height (m) 7Latin name Koelreuteria paniculataSource Appletons
Japanese white birchCommon name Japanese white birchDate July 03, 2012Details Narrowly weeping, deciduous. Bark pure white and retained to ground level longer than B. pendula. Leaves larger than B. pendula. Not affected by rust and has bright yellow autumn colour.Height (m) 20Latin name Betula platyphylla v japonicaSource Appletons
Broad-leaved hickoryCommon name Broad-leaved hickoryDate July 01, 2012Details Coastal ranges of NSW. Erect small evergreen tree, straight trunk and light branching, timber tough and durable. Phyllodes like A. melanoxylon, creamy flowers in spring. Grows in moist gullies and exposed rocky slopes.Evergreen Height (m) 10Latin name Acacia falciformisSource Appletons
Winter SweetCommon name Winter SweetDate July 05, 2012Details China. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Pale, waxy, yellow, sweetly scented flowers produced in winter on the bare branches. Succeeds in any well drained soil. Excellent on calcium rich soils.Height (m) 2Latin name Chimonanthus praecoxSource Appletons
Shining gumCommon name Shining gumDate July 08, 2012Details Mountains of Victoria. Broadly conical when young, grows rapidly, cold hardy, best in regular rainfall at higher altitude. Unthrifty by age 20 at low altitude in warmer districts, but yields a lot of firewood.Evergreen Height (m) 45Latin name Eucalyptus nitensSource Appletons
South African tree heathCommon name South African tree heathDate July 07, 2012Details South Africa. Upright shrub, evergreen with abundantly flowering ascending branches. Small purplish-pink flowers cover the bush in winter. Hardy to our -9C winter frostsForest layer shrubHeight (m) 2Latin name Erica canaliculataSource Appletons
NZ Toothed LancewoodCommon name NZ Toothed LancewoodDate July 17, 2012Details Bushy topped with short stout branches as an adult tree, evergreen. Lance-like juvenile form with downward pointing stiff sawtooth leaves.Evergreen Forest layer canopyHeight (m) 6Latin name Pseudopanax feroxSource Appletons
Fraqgrant epaulette treeCommon name Fraqgrant epaulette treeDate July 18, 2012Latin name Pterostyrax hispidaSource Appletons
Chinese sweet boxCommon name Chinese sweet boxDate July 20, 2012Details Compact small evergreen shrub with sweetly scented flowers in winter followed by black berries. Leaves elliptic, reponds well to clipping. Grows well in heavy shade, frost hardy. 7cm tubes.Evergreen Height (m) 1Latin name Sarcococca confusaSource Appletons
Photinia reb robinCommon name Photinia reb robinDate July 16, 2012Details Broadly spreading evergreen shrub. Clips well into a neat hedge, the new shoots attractive red against dark green older leaves.Evergreen Forest layer low-treeHeight (m) 3Latin name Photinia x fraseriSource Appletons
NZ Bronze FlaxCommon name NZ Bronze FlaxDate July 15, 2012Details Broadly spreading, evergreen. Broad drooping or stiffly erect bronze to purple blades. Erect flower stalks attract tuis and bellbirds.Evergreen Forest layer shrubHeight (m) 2Latin name Phormium purpureumSource AppletonsWind tolerance High
Himalayan cedarCommon name Himalayan cedarDate July 09, 2010Details Broadly conical, evergreen. Drought and exposure tolerant. Popular dry country shelter tree. Mulch to smother grass for best results. Branch ends droop. Valuable aromatic timber, heartwood with resin.Drought tolerance Evergreen Forest layer CanopyHeight (m) 30Latin name Cedrus DeodaraShade / Sun Full sunSoil type DrySource AppletonsWind tolerance Moderate
Shantung MapleCommon name Shantung MapleDate July 05, 2010Family AceraceaeForest layer CanopyHeight (m) 15Latin name Acer TruncatumShade / Sun Full sunSource AppletonsWind tolerance Low
Sugar mapleCommon name Sugar mapleDate July 04, 2010Details Broadly columnar, deciduous. Appears to need fertile soils for good growth. Also known as rock maple. Spring sap is processed into maple syrup in USA and now in NZ. Orange is the predominant autumn colour, quite spectacular. Cold hardy.Family AceraceaeForest layer CanopyHeight (m) 25Latin name Acer SaccharumShade / Sun Full sunSoil type FertileSource AppletonsWind tolerance Low
Fullmoon mapleCommon name Fullmoon mapleDate July 02, 2010Details Northern Japan in mountain forests. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Purple-red flowers before the leaves. Orange-red autumn coloursFamily AceraceaeForest layer CanopyHeight (m) 3Latin name Acer JaponicumShade / Sun Full sunSource AppletonsWind tolerance Low
Red AlderCommon name Red AlderDate July 07, 2010Details Broadly conical deciduous. Vigorous growth on hillsides as well as streamsides. Produces good hardwood timber for furniture and panelling. Planted for shelter. Red winter buds identify this alder.Family BetulaceaeForest layer CanopyHeight (m) 25Latin name Alnus RubraNitrogen fixer Shade / Sun Full sunSoil type MoistSource AppletonsWind tolerance Moderate
Shagbark hickoryCommon name Shagbark hickoryDate July 08, 2010Details Broadly columnar, deciduous. Straight trunk and lightly branched. Bark peels in vertical plates with age. Orange autumn colour, prized timber, nuts sweet and edible. Plant small, tap root must develop before height growth commences.Edible Forest layer CanopyHeight (m) 25Latin name Carya OvataSeeds / nuts / tubers Shade / Sun Full sunSource Appletons
Japanese mapleCommon name Japanese mapleDate July 03, 2010Details Broadly spreading, deciduous. The small leaved, small seeded Japanese maple which comes true from seed. In autumn the colours change to orange and red, a magnificent sight. Shelter from strong winds, but remarkably drought tolerant.Drought tolerance Family AceraceaeForest layer CanopyHeight (m) 12Latin name Acer PalmatumShade / Sun Full sunSource AppletonsWind tolerance Low
ButternutDetails E Nth America. Broadly spreading, deciduous. Fruits in clusters of 3-5. Shell is deeply sculptured and the nut sweet and very oily. Large compound leaves. Sugar is made from the sap. Green fruit husks produce a yellow orange dye.Common name ButternutLatin name Juglans cinereaFamily JuglandaceaeHeight (m) 25.0Forest layer canopySeeds / nuts / tubers Edible Date August 08, 2013Shade / Sun Full sunSource Appletons
Quince - OrokonuiDetails Small, yellow skin. Tree semi - Vigorous.Common name Quince - OrokonuiLatin name Cydonia oblongaFamily RosaceaeHeight (m) 4.0Edible Date August 06, 2013Soil type MoistSource Sutherlands
Marlborough weeping broomCommon name Marlborough weeping broomDate August 04, 2013Details Eastern Marlborough high on Seaward Kaikoura Range. Tall shrub with upright branches, topped by a canopy of weeping grey leafless branchlets. In December large hanging clusters of 10mm mauve flowers. Fixes nitrogen.Forest layer ShrubHeight (m) 4.0Latin name Chordospartium stevensoniiNitrogen fixer Source Appletons
Red Kidney VetchCommon name Red Kidney VetchDate July 19, 2013Details Superb crimson "pea" flowers appear from early spring until late summer, on radiating stems decked with hairy lanceolate leaves. A beautiful and bright plant which can be impressive on a hot bank where little else will survive.Family PapilionaceaeForest layer Ground CoverHeight (m) 0.1Latin name ANTHYLLIS VULNERARIA COCCINEAPerennial Source http://www.plant-world-seeds.com
Chinese wisteriaDetails Vigorous climber, twining anti-clockwise, deciduous. Will climb into a tree and can be trained on a pagola or fence. Fragrant mauve flowers in long racemes before the leaves.Common name Chinese wisteriaLatin name Wisteria sinensisFamily Fabaceae or LeguminosaeHeight (m) 7.0Perennial Nitrogen fixer Date August 13, 2013Shade / Sun Full sunSoil type MoistFlowers PurpleSource Appletons
California mountain mahoganyCommon name California mountain mahoganyDate August 03, 2013Details Broadly spreading deciduous shrub or small tree. Birch-like leaves, creamy white flowers in spring, followed by seeds with long curly feathery tails. Seed from Central Otago, coping with weather extremes. Fixes nitrogen on its roots.Family RosaceaeForest layer ShrubHeight (m) 4.0Latin name Cercocarpus betuloidesNitrogen fixer Shade / Sun Full sunSource Appletons
Chinese Julian hackberryCommon name Chinese Julian hackberryDate August 02, 2013Details Broadly columnar, deciduous. Branch ends tend to droop. Prefers fertile soil. Used in street plantings. Related to Ulmus, the elm family - the leaves are similar. Fruit are rounded berry-like orange-red to purple and edible. Rare in NZ. Juglone TolerantFamily UlmaceaeForest layer Large treeHeight (m) 23.0Jugulone tolerance Latin name Celtis sinensisShade / Sun Full sunSource Appletons
TEXAS LILACCommon name TEXAS LILACDate July 24, 2013Details Strong branches bear fragrant leaves, almost exactly identical to those of cannabis plants, and terminate in most attractive clusters of fragrant blue-mauve flowers. Vitex agnus-castus, also called Chaste Tree, Chasteberry, Abraham's Balm or Monk's Pepper, it was once used to flavour stews in monasteries, (not recommended for honeymooners). It is a native of the Mediterranean region and may be hardy in Devon, although needing shelter elsewhere. It is one of the few temperate-zone species of Vitex, which is generally a genus of tropical and sub-tropical flowering plants.Family VerbenaceaeForest layer TreeHeight (m) 3.0Latin name VITEX AGNUS CASTUSPerennial Source http://www.plant-world-seeds.com
Bladder SennaColour Yellow/OrangeCommon name Bladder SennaDate July 08, 2013Details Easily grown shrub with bright yellow flowers produced throughout the summer, followed by large, inflated seed pods.Family Leguminosae/FabaceaeFlowers June, July, AugustForest layer ShrubLatin name Colutea arborescensNitrogen fixer Perennial Source https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Chilean guava, NZ cranberry, strawberry myrtleDetails Upright abundantly branched evergreen shrub. 2-3cm glossy dark green leaves, flowers pinkish-white. Fruits dark purple then blue-black, juicy, fragrant, good flavourCommon name Chilean guava, NZ cranberry, strawberry myrtleLatin name Myrtus ugni / Ugni molinaeFamily MyrtaceaeHeight (m) 1.7Forest layer shrubEdible Fruit / berries Date August 09, 2013Wind tolerance HighShade / Sun Full sunSoil type Well drained, MoistFlowers pink, whiteSource Appletons
Sweet Bay Tree, Bay Laurel, Bay LeafCommon name Sweet Bay Tree, Bay Laurel, Bay LeafDate July 15, 2013Details This is the true "Laurel" of the ancients now grown for its aromatic foliage - used in cooking - and, as it stands clipping well, for formal use outside hotel entrances and the like. Good hedging plant and hardy throughout the British Isles.Family LauraceaeForest layer Tree, Shrub, HedgingLatin name Laurus nobilisPerennial Source https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
Pink tree broomCommon name Pink tree broomDate August 10, 2013Details Broadly spreading, evergreen. Leafless pendulous dark green flattened stems. Attractive pink flowers around Christmas. Loved by small native bees. Small seed pods quickly form. Tolerates dry windy conditions. Fixes nitrogen.Forest layer ShrubHeight (m) 4.0Latin name Notospartium glabrescensNitrogen fixer Source Appletons
Wildflowers of the British IslesCommon name Wildflowers of the British IslesDate July 04, 2013Details Contains annual wild flowers that are now rare or declining in the wild, this is a delightful Special Cornfield Mixture, containing such lovely items as Cornflower, Night-flowering Catchfly, Corn Cockle and, no cornfield would be complete without it, the Common Poppy! It is intended to be used to cover just a small patch in an average English garden. General comment: Germination of any wild flower is often slow and unpredictable and, due to the losses that can be expected from direct outdoor sowings, the best way of achieving a "naturalised" area is to sow individual pots of wild flowers with some suitable protection. After germination and hardening off, the young plants can then be planted in their final positions where they are to flower where they will then hopefully naturalise themselves and encourage other wildlife.Forest layer MixedLatin name Wild Flower 5 - Cornfield Special MixturePerennial Source https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
GunneraColour Red/MaroonCommon name GunneraDate July 02, 2013Details With little doubt, this must be the most majestic herbaceous plant hardy in the British Isles - like a giant Rhubarb, the leaves can grow to over 6 ft. across and be supported on stout, prickly stalks up to 8 ft. long. Although the individual reddish flowers are minute, they are borne in their countless thousands in club-shaped spikes, which can themselves be 6 ft. or so tall. They are particularly happy in moist ground. Labour-saving - half a dozen of these in your garden and you wouldn't have to lift a finger for most of the year! Hardy throughout the British Isles. 10 ft.Family HaloragidaceaeLatin name Gunnera manicataPerennial Source https://www.chilternseeds.co.uk
(Sowing Rates: Mixed: 500 grams to 1.5 kgs per ha)Common name PlantainLatin name Plantago majorVariety EnduranceFamily PlantaginaceaeForest layer herbaceousDate August 08, 2013Propigation method Sow directSource http://www.specseed.co.nz/pastureherbs.asp#plantain
OrangesDetails Somehow we are able to grow oranges out doors without cover. There is good wind protection in place and I have been mulching and fertilising regularly with seaweed and pig manure. The tree looks a lot better and the fruit has improved dramatically as a result.Evergreen Edible Flowers Frost sensitive Fruit / berries Height (m) 1Forest layer shrub
|Name||Drought tolerance||Edible||Evergreen||Forest layer||Frost sensitive||Fruit / berries||Jugulone tolerance||Nitrogen fixer||Perennial||Propigation method||Seeds / nuts / tubers|
|no||yes||no||low-tree||no||yes||yes||no||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|yes||no||no||low-tree||no||no||yes||no||no||sow pot / tray||no|
|yes||no||no||canopy||no||no||yes||yes||no||sow pot / tray||yes|
Carica x heilbornii
Allium Ã proliferum
|yes||no||yes||canopy||no||no||no||yes||no||sow pot / tray||no|
|no||no||no||low-tree||no||no||yes||no||no||sow pot / tray||yes|
|June Berry, Western Service Berry, Saskatoon
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
||yes||no||no||low-tree||no||no||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|yes||no||yes||low-tree||no||no||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|Thornless Honey Locust
Gleditsia triacanthos f.inermis
|yes||no||no||canopy||no||no||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|Red cherry / strawberry guava
|Pear (Pyrus communis)
|Anemanthele lessoniana / oryzopsis rigida
|Purple Coral Pea Shrub
|no||no||yes||shrub||yes||no||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|yes||no||yes||no||no||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
||no||no||yes||no||no||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
Cornus kousa chinensis
|Guava - Cherry Yellow Cherry
|Pyrus x bretschneideri
|no||yes||yes||low-tree||no||no||no||no||yes||sow pot / tray||yes|
|Blood Navel Orange
|Elaeagnus x ebbingei
Elaeagnus x ebbingei
|yes||yes||no||low-tree||no||yes||yes||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|no||no||yes||shrub||yes||no||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|Turkey Tail Mushroom
|yes||no||no||low-tree||no||no||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||yes|
|no||no||no||herbaceous||no||no||no||no||yes||sow pot / tray||yes|
|no||no||no||herbaceous||no||no||no||no||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
Fragaria vesca 'Semperflorens'
|no||yes||yes||ground cover||no||yes||no||no||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|Moso / Chinese timber Bamboo
|no||no||no||canopy||no||no||no||no||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|Chinese water chestnuts
|Small Leaved Lime, Littleleaf linden
|Golden Rain Tree
|no||yes||no||low-tree||no||yes||no||no||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|Chinese Yellow Wood
Albizia julibrissin rosea
|yes||no||no||low-tree||no||no||no||yes||no||sow pot / tray||yes|
|Tree Lucerne, Tagasaste
|yes||no||yes||low-tree||yes||no||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||yes|
|no||yes||no||shrub||no||yes||no||no||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|no||yes||no||shrub||no||yes||no||no||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|New Jersey Tea
|no||no||no||herbaceous||no||no||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|no||yes||no||herbaceous||no||no||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|no||yes||no||shrub||no||yes||no||no||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|Japanese Raisin Tree
|yes||yes||no||low-tree||no||yes||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|no||no||yes||low-tree||yes||no||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||yes|
||yes||yes||yes||shrub||no||yes||no||no||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|Siberian Pea Shrub
|yes||yes||yes||shrub||no||no||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||yes|
|Asiatic sweetleaf/Sapphire berry
|Good king henry
|Italian Stone pine
|no||no||no||canopy||no||no||no||no||no||sow pot / tray||yes|
|no||yes||no||low-tree||no||yes||no||no||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|no||yes||no||canopy||no||yes||no||no||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|Mountain Paw Paw
|no||no||no||canopy||no||no||no||no||no||sow pot / tray||no|
|New Zealand Flax
|Hardy kiwi, Tara Vine
|no||yes||no||ground cover||no||no||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||yes|
|no||yes||no||rhizosphere||no||no||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||yes|
|spring vetchling or spring pea
|no||no||no||herbaceous||no||no||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|Oleaster, Russian Olive
|no||yes||no||low-tree||no||yes||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|Loquat, Japanese Medlar
|no||yes||yes||low-tree||no||yes||no||no||yes||sow pot / tray||no|
|no||no||yes||canopy||no||no||no||yes||yes||sow pot / tray||yes|
|American cranberry bush
|Hybrid witch hazel
Hamamelis x intermedia
|Green flowered hellebore
Helleborus x sternii
|Golden rain tree
|Japanese white birch
Betula platyphylla v japonica
|South African tree heath
|NZ Toothed Lancewood
|Fraqgrant epaulette tree
|Chinese sweet box
|Photinia reb robin
Photinia x fraseri
|NZ Bronze Flax
|Pear - Red Bartlett
|Quince - Orokonui
|Marlborough weeping broom
|Red Kidney Vetch
ANTHYLLIS VULNERARIA COCCINEA
Callicarpa bodinieri var. giraldii
|California mountain mahogany
|Chinese Julian hackberry
VITEX AGNUS CASTUS
|Chilean guava, NZ cranberry, strawberry myrtle
Myrtus ugni / Ugni molinae
|Sweet Bay Tree, Bay Laurel, Bay Leaf
|no||no||no||tree, shrub, hedging||no||no||no||no||yes||no|
|Pink tree broom
|Wildflowers of the British Isles
Wild Flower 5 - Cornfield Special Mixture
Lobularia maritima benthamii
|Demand white clover
|no||no||no||ground cover||no||no||no||yes||no||sow direct||no|
|Icon "Semi Winter Active" Lucerne
|no||no||yes||ground cover||no||no||no||yes||no||sow direct||no|